- What Are They?
- Are They Contagious?
What is a yeast infection? What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
A yeast infection is an infection with any type of yeast, but people commonly use the term to refer to vaginal yeast infections in women. A yeast known as Candida albicans typically causes vaginal yeast infections. Vaginal yeast infections are also referred to as vaginal Candidiasis. In contrast, a urinary tract infection (UTI) is not an infection of the vagina but of the urinary tract (the lower urinary tract is made up of the urethra and bladder). Bacteria are the main cause of UTIs, and the most common bacterial cause of a UTI is E. coli.
How do the causes and risk factors of a yeast infection differ from the causes of a UTI?
Typically, UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract at the urethra. This can happen during sexual intercourse in women or due to improper wiping after a bowel movement. A vaginal yeast infection usually occurs when something alters the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the vagina, allowing excessive growth of the yeast. Suppression of immune function can increase the likelihood of developing both UTIs and yeast infections. Antibiotic use, diabetes, and impaired immune systems are all possible causes of a yeast infection.
Are UTIs and yeast infections contagious?
It is possible for a woman to transmit a yeast infection to a male sex partner, even though yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Yeast infections can occur in women who are not sexually active. UTIs are not contagious.
What are the signs and symptoms of yeast infections and UTIs?
The most common symptoms of a UTI include
- pain with urination (dysuria),
- frequent urination,
- feeling an urgent need to urinate,
- blood in the urine, and
- cloudy urine or pus visible in the urine.
A mild fever may be present. Yeast infections are characterized by
- intense itching,
- a thick white-gray vaginal discharge that may resemble cottage cheese,
- vaginal burning or irritation,
- painful intercourse, and
- pain or burning during urination.
Vaginal or vulvar swelling, redness, and soreness may be present.
What exams do doctors use to diagnose a yeast infection and a UTI?
Urine tests diagnose a UTI. Abnormalities can appear on a dipstick urinalysis test that suggest a UTI is present. Sometimes medical professionals take a culture of the urine to determine the type of bacteria causing the infection. A physical exam and an examination of a sample of the vaginal discharge in the laboratory can confirm the presence of a yeast infection.
What are treatments and home remedies for yeast infections and UTIs?
There are no home remedies that can cure either a yeast infection or a UTI. Prescription antibiotics are required for the treatment of a UTI, and antifungal drugs are required for treatment of a yeast infection. Some antifungal drugs are available over the counter. Depending on the frequency and duration of yeast infections, your provider will choose different therapies and lengths of treatment.
What is the prognosis and duration of a UTI compared to a yeast infection?
Both a UTI and yeast infection should resolve rapidly once appropriate treatment has begun. With both conditions, repeat infections or recurrences are common, but long-term complications are very rare.
Is it possible to prevent UTIs and yeast infections?
Careful attention to hygiene may help prevent some UTIs. This includes always cleaning the genital area from front to back. This practice can also help prevent yeast infections, as well as changing out of wet bathing suits or damp clothes as soon as possible. Loose-fitting cotton underwear can help reduce moisture in the genital area and may help prevent yeast infections. Avoiding products with potential irritants like douches or scented tampons can also help prevent yeast infections. However, it is not possible to completely prevent either condition from developing.
Top Yeast Infection vs. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Related Articles
Can You Flush Out a UTI With Water?Patients with urinary tract infection (UTI) are usually advised to drink six to eight glasses (1.5 to 2 liters) of water every day to flush the infection out of the urinary system.
How Fast Does Amoxicillin Work for a UTI?Learn how amoxicillin can help ease your urinary tract infection symptoms and help you manage this condition. Learn the symptoms of UTIs and kidney infections to better treat these conditions.
How Long Does it Take for a Vaginal Suppository to Absorb?Vaginal suppositories take between 15 and 30 minutes to dissolve and get absorbed into the body. The absorption of a vaginal suppository depends on several factors, including the type of suppository, active ingredient, pH and moisture level of the vaginal environment, and the size and shape of the suppository. The time for the absorption process of a vaginal suppository to complete can vary widely and is difficult to determine.
How Long Does It Take a UTI to Turn Into a Kidney Infection?Failing to treat a urinary tract infection can lead to serious health problems, including kidney infections. If you have lingering symptoms, or recurrent UTIs, it is important to see your medical provider.
Side Effects of Pyridium (phenazopyridine)Pyridium (phenazopyridine) is an oral urinary analgesic (pain relieving medication) used to relieve symptoms associated with lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) including urinary burning, pain, urgency, and frequency, and other symptoms. Common side effects of Pyridium include headache, dizziness, and stomach cramps. There are no well-controlled studies of Pyridium in pregnant women. It is unknown if Pyridium is excreted in breast milk.
What Is the Fastest Way To Get Rid of a Yeast Infection?Learn what medical treatments can help ease your yeast infection symptoms and speed up your recovery. Learn how to safely get rid of a yeast infection while pregnant.
How Can I Treat a UTI While Pregnant Without Antibiotics?What is a UTI? Learn what other treatments aside from antibiotics can help to relieve your UTI symptoms while pregnant.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that lives in the bowel and near the anus, causes most UTIs. UTI symptoms include pain, abdominal pain, mild fever, urinary urgency, and frequency. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics.
Urinary Tract Infection QuizHow would you know if you had urinary tract infection (UTI)? Take the Urinary Tract Infection in Adult Quiz to learn the causes, symptoms, and treatments for infection that can affect your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include vaginal pain with urination, vaginal discharge, odor, and itching.
Treatment is generally OTC medications. A man can contract a yeast infection from his female sexual partner. Symptoms of a yeast infection in men include penile itching. Treatment is with oral or topical medication.
Yeast Infection QuizHow much do you know about vaginal yeast infections? Learn the causes, symptoms, and treatments of a yeast infection with the Vaginal Yeast Infection Quiz.
Yeast infections vs. STDs in Men and WomenSTDs, also termed sexually transmitted diseases, are infections that are mainly transmitted to others during direct sexual contact. A yeast infection is the invasion and multiplication of a fungus (yeast) in or on the body.