- What Is
What is an endobronchial ultrasound?
Endobronchial ultrasound is a procedure used to diagnose various lung problems, including infections and cancer. The procedure allows the doctors to investigate the lungs and to take samples with the aid of an ultrasound scan.
Why is an endobronchial ultrasound performed?
Endobronchial ultrasound allows physicians to perform a technique known as transbronchial needle aspiration. It helps the doctors to obtain tissue or fluid samples from the lungs and surrounding areas without invasive surgery.
The samples can be used for
What happens during an endobronchial ultrasound?
There are several steps involved with an endobronchial ultrasound, which includes the following.
- Endobronchial ultrasound is usually done under local and general anesthesia.
- A flexible small tube (bronchoscope) is passed into the lungs via the mouth.
- A small camera at the end of the bronchoscope enables the doctor to look directly into the windpipe (trachea) and breathing tubes (bronchi).
- A small ultrasound probe on the end of the camera allows the doctor to see the glands in the center of the chest (mediastinum) and take samples under direct vision.
- Most of the time endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is done to take samples from the center of your chest (mediastinum).
- The whole procedure takes about 20 to 30 minutes.
- Endobronchial ultrasound is beneficial because it is noninvasive, and also provides doctor access to more areas of the lungs, including hard-to-reach spots.
- This procedure is usually done as an outpatient surgery. This allows the patient to return home on the same day after the procedure.
What happens after endobronchial ultrasound?
After the procedure, the patient is monitored. It takes a few hours before the patient may be able to cough after the procedure.
The throat may feel sore and scratchy for a few days. At this time, the doctor may also send a biopsy to a lab for testing.
What are the risks of endobronchial ultrasound?
Endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscopy is extremely safe but, as with any medical procedure, there is a small risk of complications that include:
- Bleeding from the biopsy
- Infection after the procedure
- Sore throat
- Chest pain
- Breathing difficulties
- Low oxygen levels during or after the procedure
- Lung collapse of the lung (very rare)
All these complications are treatable but may require the patient to be admitted to the hospital instead of going home the same day after the procedure.
Is an endobronchial ultrasound painful?
Once the procedure is completed, the patient may remain under observation for a couple hours until the effects of the medications wear off. The patient might then be discharged home on the same day.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top Why Is an Endobronchial Ultrasound Performed Related Articles
Burkitt LymphomaBurkitt lymphomas are types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that affect the bone marrow and central nervous system. There are multiple types of Burkitt lymphoma. Gene mutations, malaria, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may increase the risk of these cancers. Symptoms of Burkitt lymphoma may include nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes, and many other symptoms. Diagnosis involves lab testing, imaging studies, patient history, and cytogenic evaluation. There are multiple staging systems used to stage Burkitt lymphoma. Treatment consists of chemotherapy. The prognosis of the cancer tends to be more favorable in children than in adults.
Endoscopic UltrasoundEndoscopic ultrasound (EUS) uses ultrasound and endoscopy to take pictures of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissues and organs. EUS may be useful in making several medical determinations, including:
- staging of cancers of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas and rectum,
- staging of lung cancer,
- evaluating chronic pancreatitis,
- studying gallstones and tumors in the bile duct, gallbladder, and liver,
- evaluating reasons for fecal incontinence,
- and studying submucosal lesions.
- drug reactions,
- and a lump in the skin where the IV was placed.
Hodgkin's vs. Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaBoth Hodgkin's disease (sometimes referred to as Hodgkin's lymphoma) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are cancers that originate in a type of white blood cell known as a lymphocyte, an important component of the body's immune system.
Lung CancerLung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung cancers are classified as either small-cell or non-small-cell lung cancers.
Lung Cancer Myths/FactsLearn about lung cancer myths and facts. Explore how cigar smoke, menthol, and pollution can increase your risk of lung cancer and learn what to avoid.
Lung Cancer PictureCancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. See a picture of Lung Cancer and learn more about the health topic.
Lung Cancer SlideshowLearn about lung cancer early warning signs, symptoms and treatments. What causes stage IV lung cancer? Get more information on small cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and the diagnosis of lung cancer stages.
Know Your Lung Cancer Facts QuizLung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the U.S. and worldwide. Get the facts about lung cancer with this quiz.
Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL)Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is not known what causes MCL. MCL signs and symptoms include fever, enlarged spleen and liver, fatigue, and weight loss. Treatment of MCL incorporates radiotherapy and chemotherapy. MCL has a poor prognosis as it typically is diagnosed in a late stage.
Non-Hodgkin's LymphomaNon-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include swollen lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, coughing, weakness, chest pain, unexplained weight loss, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on which type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma one has, the stage of the cancer, one's age, how fast the cancer is growing, and whether one has other health problems.
Small Cell Lung Cancer vs. Non-Small Cell Lung CancerNon-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) consist of large cell carcinomas, adenocarcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) usually starts in the bronchi and typically appears in those who smoke. SCLC and NSCLC are staged in different manners, and SCLC tends to metastasize more quickly than NSCLC. Signs and symptoms of NSCLC and SCLC include shortness of breath, coughing up blood, recurring lung infections, and chest pain. Treatment may involve radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.
SarcoidosisSarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body tissues and can appear in almost any body organ. However, sarcoidosis most often starts in the lungs or lymph nodes.
What Is the Main Cause of Primary Lymphoma of Bone?Primary lymphoma of bone (PLB) is a rare type of cancer that starts in the bone instead of the lymph nodes. PLB accounts for less than 5% of all bone tumors. PLB is also known as reticulum cell sarcoma, malignant lymphoma of bone or osteolymphoma, and it is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Pain is the most common symptom of PLB.
What Is the Principle of Ultrasonography?Ultrasound devices send ultrasonic soundwaves through tissue. The device measures how long the waves take to “echo” or return to the device, much like SONAR used by submarines. The programming in the device uses that data to assemble an image nearly in real time; different densities of tissue show up as different concentrations of lighted pixels on the screen, allowing doctors to map the internal structure of the organ or tissue.