Teenagers: why do they rebel?
Teenage rebellion is common in young adults, and it's one of the leading causes of conflicts between parents and their adolescent children. Rebellion refers to the expression of defiant behavior and disregard for the existing parenting rules. Teenage rebellion can be a normal part of growth and development.
This developmental phase signals the teenager's need for independence and a separate identity.
During the teenage years, your child is trying to develop their self-identity. At this time, you need to help your teen understand that their value lies in who they are and not in what they do. Guide your child in figuring out the difference between an image and identity.
It's a part of their brain development: The prefrontal cortex is a part of the human brain that controls decision-making, social behavior, and personality expression. During the teen years, the function of this part of the brain gets into practice which results in testing boundaries, arguing, testing, and finally being able to understand the decision-making process.
In reality, teens need to make their own decisions and mistakes to develop their prefrontal cortex fully.
Fighting for independence: Another cause of teenage rebellion is the struggle to gain independence. During adolescent years, children start craving more freedom from their parents. Sometimes parents may confuse the need for space for rebellion, and their reactions may lead to teenage rebellion.
Need for control: Teenagers want to have a considerable say in their lives and take authority over their actions. When parents force decisions, teenagers tend to lash out and defy their parents.
Struggle for acceptance: Teenagers are heavily influenced by peers. They want to fit in and may try to imitate the lifestyles of their friends. The pressure of living a lifestyle they admire may lead to rebellion as they stop listening to their parents.
They face the pressure of doing what everyone is doing and may even risk losing their individuality. They may forget their interests as they try to fit into someone else's lifestyle.
Seeking attention: Teenagers love to get attention and may go to great lengths to gain it. They like it when people notice their actions, lifestyle, or appearance and will do anything to make people pay attention. Teenagers who lack attention from their parents may start seeking attention and solace from the wrong people. These people may send them on the wrong path, causing them to misbehave.
Over-worrying parents: Most parents tend to worry, and they express their concerns regularly to their rebellious teens. Communicating your worries to your teens all the time may cause them to pick up a habit of ignoring you when you are speaking to them. Though done out of love, the constant worrying communication may give your teenager the idea that you can't offer them any real help and that pleasing you is difficult.
Hormonal changes: Teenagers go through extensive physical changes during adolescence. It may result in rash decision making and impulsive behavior. Though raging hormones can't take the sole blame for bad behavior in teenagers, they have a role to play.
How to manage rebellious teens
Understand that their rebellion is normal and natural as they are trying to find their independent personalities and determine how far they can go.
- Allow them to see that you are human and that their behaviors hurt and upset you. However, don't manipulate them emotionally, because teens are quick to notice emotional blackmail.
- Teens desire to get treated like adults. Appreciate and praise their good behavior and don't make negative comments about their appearance.
- Let your teenager know that your love for them is unconditional, and you are always there to advise and sympathize with them.
As a parent, you should try to find out why your teen is rebelling. After finding out, you can help your teen make better decisions. It's also important to understand that your teenager requires some level of freedom to make their time. Through your guidance, you and your teen can get through this hard time without too many problems.
American Psychological Association: "Developing Adolescents."
Development and Psychopathology: "Dimensions of adolescent rebellion: Risks for academic failure among high- and low-income youth."
Developmental Review: "A Social Neuroscience Perspective on Adolescent Risk-Taking."
Education World: "Understanding Teen Rebellion."
?Journal of Educational and Social Research: "The Self- Who Am I? : Children's Identity and Development through Early Childhood Education."
Kids Health: "A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years"
M. Libraries: "6.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity"
National Institute of Health: "A Social Neuroscience Perspective on Adolescent Risk-Taking," "Considerations of a Dual-systems Model of Cognitive Development and Risky Driving."
Oxford Academy: "Testosterone and Social Behavior."
Psychology 24: "How to Deal With a Rebellious Teenager."
Psychology and Developing Societies: "Parent–Adolescent Relationships in the Context of Interpersonal Disagreements: View from a Collectivist Culture."
The Scientific World Journal: "Evaluating the Factors Affecting High School Student Rebellion."
The University of Auckland: "Puberty and adolescence: transitions in the life USC News: "Teen rebellion marks subconscious separation from parents."
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