Most of us are aware that one of the surefire ways to tell if someone is pregnant is that they may have nausea. This phenomenon is called morning sickness. Read on to learn more about it and what may cause it.
What is pregnancy morning sickness?
Morning sickness, feeling nauseous or vomiting, is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. It begins at around the sixth week of pregnancy and can happen at any time of day, not just in the morning.
Morning sickness is widespread, and around half of all pregnant people experience it. It can be accompanied by vomiting, but it isn’t always. Usually, morning sickness will subside around the twelfth week of pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of morning sickness?
As previously stated, morning sickness can happen at any time of the day or night. The symptoms may include:
- Sensitivity to smells and foods
- Retching or dry heaving
Most women will experience at least some type of these symptoms throughout their pregnancy. However, every pregnancy is different, and sometimes these symptoms might be more intense. They also may last for a longer or shorter time, depending on the situation.
What are the causes of morning sickness?
The causes of morning sickness are generally unknown. However, we do know that morning sickness is undoubtedly related to hormonal shifts and the increase in or presence of certain hormones.
It has been found that the following hormones are particularly affected by pregnancy:
Estrogen. This is a group of hormones that brings about female sexual traits. Usually, it is made in the ovaries, but it is also made in the placenta during pregnancy. In pregnancy, it regulates and maintains a healthy pregnancy.
Progesterone. During pregnancy, your ovaries and placenta will produce this. It will thicken your uterine lining to support your baby.
Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG). Only made during pregnancy, this hormone is created in the placenta. It is usually present in the highest levels during the first trimester. Many people think that it plays a significant role in symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
Human placental lactogen (hPL). This is another hormone made in the placenta. It supplies nutrition and support to the fetus. Additionally, it helps your milk glands create milk for breastfeeding.
The mere presence of or spike in any of these hormones is generally thought to be the leading cause of morning sickness. However, other factors that are considered to play a role in morning sickness are:
- Underlying medical conditions in the thyroid or liver
- General susceptibility to motion sickness, migraines, or smells
- Exposure to estrogen before pregnancy
- Family history of morning sickness
- Previous morning sickness from another pregnancy
- Pregnancy with twins
- Pregnancy with a girl
- Low B16 in diet
Additionally, there is some evidence to suggest that factors like young maternal age, obesity, and stress level in mothers can also affect the amount of morning sickness you may have.
While it may feel frustrating to feel nauseous regularly and not know why it is important to remember that it usually does not have any adverse health consequences. Morning sickness is also quite temporary. It will go away at some point.
How do I treat morning sickness?
Since the cause of morning sickness is not entirely known and also may just be a part of your body’s natural hormonal reaction to pregnancy, there is no treatment for morning sickness. Instead, pregnant women are encouraged to manage the symptoms of morning sickness.
Ways to manage morning sickness can include:
- Eating smaller and more frequent meals
- Drinking more liquids throughout the day as opposed to bigger drinks less often
- Cutting out fatty, spicy, or fried food
- Asking other people to help with cooking to reduce exposure to strong smells
- Eating a small and healthy snack before you fall asleep
- Incorporating ginger and mint into your diet
- Avoiding the foods that make you feel sick
- Avoiding brushing your teeth after you eat
- Rehydrating after you throw up
Morning sickness to look out for
Usually, morning sickness is nothing more than a feeling of nausea. Rarely does it progress to a point at which you are not able to hold food or liquids down.
However, if it does, you must look out for dehydration. If you or any pregnant person around you has severe morning sickness, you or they may need to go to the hospital. There is a risk of dehydration that may need to be treated with an IV and maybe even a feeding tube.
Signs that you should seek medical attention are:
- Nausea that makes it impossible to eat or drink
- Vomiting so much you can’t keep food down
- Brown or bloody vomit
- Weight loss
- Irregular urination
- Fast heart rate
- Unpleasant body odor
- Fruity mouth taste
- What Is Avascular Necrosis and How Does It Affect Bones?
- The Arch of the Human Foot Was Key to Upright Walking, Scientists Say
- Worried About Cataracts? Here's What You Need to Know
- FDA Issues Warning About Compounded Versions of Wegovy, Ozempic
- Sick Restaurant Workers Fuel Many Foodborne Illness Outbreaks
- More Health News »
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Mayo Clinic: “Morning sickness.”
Pregnancy, Birth, and Baby: “Morning sickness.”
Stanford Children’s Health: “Hormones During Pregnancy.”
Top Why Do Pregnant Women Get Morning Sickness Related Articles
Can Morning Sickness Make You Depressed?The misery of morning sickness can cause physical and psychological effects. This can also cause you to be depressed.
Can Morning Sickness Start At 1 Week?Morning sickness is among the most common signs of pregnancy. Usually, morning sickness starts around the ninth week of conception. But some people experience it sooner.
Does Throwing Up Help Morning Sickness?
doxylamineDoxylamine is an over-the-counter sedative medication used as an insomnia sleep aid and an antihistamine drug used for allergies, hay fever, the common cold, and pregnancy nausea and vomiting. Side effects may include rapid heartbeat (tachycardia), palpitations, upper abdominal pain (epigastric pain), diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite (anorexia), dry mouth (xerostomia), dryness of mucous membranes, painful urination (dysuria), urinary retention, headache, disorientation, drowsiness, dizziness, vertigo, paradoxical central nervous system (CNS) stimulation, blurred vision, and double vision (diplopia). Doxylamine is safe to use when pregnant. Use with caution while breastfeeding.
First Trimester (12 Weeks) PictureThe Baby at 12 Weeks. The nerves and muscles begin to work together. See a picture of First Trimester (12 Weeks) and learn more about the health topic.
What Foods Should Be Avoided During the First Trimester of Pregnancy?The first trimester is the first 3 months of your pregnancy. Foods to avoid during the third trimester of pregnancy include raw or undercooked seafood; seafood containing mercury; raw or undercooked eggs; unpasteurized milk or other dairy products; raw sprouts and unwashed vegetables and fruits.
How Much Weight Should I Gain During My Pregnancy in the First Trimester?Weight gain during pregnancy supports the developing baby. You should gain less than five pounds during the first trimester of your pregnancy. Check out the center below for more medical references on pregnancy, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
How Soon Can You Get Morning Sickness?Morning sickness is a common symptom of pregnancy in the first trimester. Learn the signs of morning sickness, how soon it starts, and what you can do to treat it.
magnesium sulfateMagnesium sulfate is a salt of magnesium, a naturally occurring mineral, used to prevent and treat convulsions (seizures) from preeclampsia and eclampsia (toxemia) in pregnant women. Magnesium sulfate is also used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders, magnesium deficiency, and acute kidney inflammation (nephritis) in children. Side effects include flushing, increased sweating, low blood pressure (hypotension), depressed/poor reflexes, flaccid paralysis, low core body temperature (hypothermia), circulatory collapse, depressed cardiac function, central nervous system (CNS) depression, respiratory paralysis, excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), extreme drowsiness, and others.
Is It OK to Exercise and Workout in the First Trimester of Pregnancy?You should talk to your doctor to make sure it's safe for you to exercise during pregnancy. However, in most cases, exercising during pregnancy will benefit you and your baby.
oxytocinOxytocin is a synthetic form of the natural human hormone oxytocin used to induce or improve uterine contractions during delivery and to prevent uncontrolled bleeding (hemorrhage) after the delivery. Common side effects of oxytocin include serious allergic reaction (anaphylactic reaction), premature ventricular contractions, postpartum hemorrhage, pelvic hematoma, irregular heart rhythms (cardiac arrhythmia), bleeding in the space between the brain and its membrane (subarachnoid hemorrhage), fatal afibrinogenemia, hypertensive episodes, nausea, vomiting, and rupture of the uterus. Oxytocin should not be used otherwise during pregnancy or when breastfeeding.
phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructosePhosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose is a combination medication used for the relief of nausea and vomiting associated with an upset stomach and morning sickness in pregnancy. Common side effects of phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose include abdominal pain, gas (flatulence), and diarrhea. Consult your doctor before taking if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have diabetes.
What Foods Should I Eat During My First Trimester of Pregnancy?What to know about diet during the first trimester. Learn more about how to protect and fuel your body and baby during this exciting time.
raspberry leafRaspberry leaf is an herbal product used by pregnant women as a uterine tonic to ease labor and delivery. Suggested uses of raspberry leaf include painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea), excessively heavy menstruation (menorrhagia), prevention of miscarriage, alleviation of morning sickness, diarrhea, and others. There are no reported side effects of raspberry leaf. Overdose of raspberry leaf may cause vomiting and diarrhea. Do not take raspberry leaf during the first trimester of pregnant. Consult your doctor if breastfeeding.
What Foods Are Good for Morning Sickness?What foods help morning sickness? Find out how you can reduce morning sickness symptoms and have a more comfortable pregnancy.
Morning Sickness: Remedies and ReliefMorning sickness refers to the vomiting and nausea begins by the 9th week after becoming pregnant. Morning sickness can happen during anytime during the day. Morning sickness can be worsened by certain foods or odors. Some women experience morning sickness throughout their pregnancy. Most likely is caused by hormonal changes in the body. Natural home remedies may relieve symptoms and signs. Usually, most pregnant women with morning sickness ends in the 2nd trimester.
Why Do Pregnant Women Pee So Much?There are several reasons like hormone changes and uterus growth, why you might begin feeling more need to pee when you are pregnant.