10 black gum causes
The normal color of the gums can range from red to pink. Some people have brownish or darker gums due to the natural melanin pigment, while some may have black gums from birth due to other reasons, such as certain medications taken by their pregnant mother.
However, if your red or pink gum color has recently changed to black, it may be due to an underlying health issue.
Gums become black due to any of the following conditions:
- Poor oral hygiene:
- Amalgam tattoo:
- Amalgam tattoos are black, blue, or grey patches that appear inside your mouth, including the gums.
- They are caused by the deposition of amalgam (mixture used for fillings in crowns) in your gums.
- Teething period:
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis:
- Addison’s disease:
- Addison’s disease is a disorder of the adrenal glands that produces many hormones. In the absence of adequate hormones, the disorder can cause symptoms and signs that include
- Dark spots of skin may develop over the knees and knuckles, in the creases of the palms, and around scars.
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome:
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a hereditary condition that causes polyp formation in the gastrointestinal tract. It can cause the appearance of dark blue or dark brown freckles in the mouth and on the skin of the fingers and toes.
- Oral cancer:
How are black gums treated?
Many times, black gums go away if the cause is removed. For example, quitting smoking can restore oral health and healthy gum color. Other preventable causes include following proper oral hygiene as prescribed by a dentist.
If black gums are caused by conditions such as Addison’s disease, your doctor will treat the underlying condition to control its progression.
If you want to get rid of black patches on your gums for cosmetic reasons, your dentist may recommend the following options:
- Removing the black or darkened gum tissue with a scalpel
- Cryosurgery (freezing the affected gum tissue)
- Free gingival grafting (removing a piece of normal-colored tissue from the roof of the mouth and stitching it to the black gums)
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Disorders of Oral Pigmentation. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1078143-overview
Kato T, Takiuchi H, Sugiyama S, et al. Measurement of reduced gingival melanosis after smoking cessation: A novel analysis of gingival pigmentation using clinical oral photographs. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13(6):598.
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome. https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/peutz-jeghers-syndrome/cipeutz-jeghers-syndromeprinter
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