White Sandalwood

Reviewed on 9/17/2019

What other names is White Sandalwood known by?

Ananditam, Bois de Santal Blanc, Bois de Santal Jaune, Chandan, Chandana, East Indian Sandalwood, Huile de Santal Blanc, Oil of Sandalwood, Safed-Chandan, Sandal Tree, Sándalo, Sanderswood, Santal, Santal Blanc, Santal Citrin, Santali Lignum Albi, Santal Oil, Santalum album, Swet Chandan, Taliaparnam, Tan Xiang, White Sandalwood Oil, White Saunders, Yellow Sandalwood, Yellow Saunders.

What is White Sandalwood?

White sandalwood is an evergreen tree. The oil from the wood and the wood are used as medicine. Don't confuse white sandalwood with red sandalwood.

White sandalwood is used for treating the common cold, cough, bronchitis, fever, and sore mouth and throat. It is also used to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs), liver disease, gallbladder problems, heatstroke, gonorrhea, headache, and conditions of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).

In food and beverages, white sandalwood is used as a flavoring.

In manufacturing, white sandalwood oil is used as a fragrance in soaps, cosmetics, and perfumes.

SLIDESHOW

Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Mental alertness. Early research suggests that inhaling fragrance from white sandalwood oil for 20 minutes or applying white sandalwood oil to the skin does not improve mental alertness or attentiveness in healthy individuals.
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  • Common cold.
  • Cough.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Fevers.
  • Sore mouth and throat.
  • Headache.
  • Heatstroke.
  • Liver and gallbladder problems.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of white sandalwood for these uses.

How does White Sandalwood work?

White sandalwood might help prevent the growth of fungus and bacteria. It might reduce spasms. But more information is needed.

Are there safety concerns?

White sandalwood is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in food amounts. But it is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth as a medicine for longer than 6 weeks. There have been reports of kidney damage with prolonged use.

When taken by mouth, white sandalwood can cause itching, nausea, stomach upset, and blood in the urine.

Not enough is known about the safety of applying white sandalwood to the skin in amounts greater than those contained in cosmetics. Contact with white sandalwood can cause allergic skin reactions in some people.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding:It's LIKELY UNSAFE to take white sandalwood by mouth in greater-than-food amounts if you are pregnant. There have been reports of miscarriages.

There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking white sandalwood if you are breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Kidney disease: Don't use white sandalwood if you have kidney problems. It might make kidney disease worse.

Are there any interactions with medications?


LithiumInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

White sandalwood might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking white sandalwood might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.

Dosing considerations for White Sandalwood.

The appropriate dose of white sandalwood depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for white sandalwood. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW

QUESTION

Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Reviewed on 9/17/2019
References

Girgenti, P. and Suss, L. [Repellent activity against Aedes aegypti (L.) of formulas based on natural vegetable extracts or synthetic active agents]. Ann.Ig 2002;14(3):205-210. View abstract.

Grigor'eva, V. D., Dashina, T. A., Iur'eva, E. A., and Matkovskaia, T. A. [Balneological use of bath concentrate containing xidifon and essential oils from ginger, nutmeg, and sandal]. Vopr.Kurortol.Fizioter.Lech.Fiz Kult. 2001;(6):35-36. View abstract.

Hayakawa, R., Matsunaga, K., and Arima, Y. Depigmented contact dermatitis due to incense. Contact Dermatitis 1987;16(5):272-274. View abstract.

Sugawara, Y., Hino, Y., Kawasaki, M., Hara, C., Tamura, K., Sugimoto, N., Yamanishi, Y., Miyauchi, M., Masujima, T., and Aoki, T. Alteration of perceived fragrance of essential oils in relation to type of work: a simple screening test for efficacy of aroma. Chem Senses 1999;24(4):415-421. View abstract.

Buchbauer, G., Stappen, I., Pretterklieber, C., and Wolschann, P. Structure-activity relationships of sandalwood odorants: synthesis and odor of tricyclo beta-santalol. Eur J Med Chem 2004;39(12):1039-1046. View abstract.

Buchbauer, G., Sunara, A., Weiss-Greiler, P., and Wolschann, P. Synthesis and olfactoric activity of side-chain modified beta-santalol analogues. Eur J Med Chem 2001;36(7-8):673-683. View abstract.

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV. In-vitro activity of essential oils, in particular Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and tea tree oil products, against Candida spp. J Antimicrob Chemother 1998;42:591-5. View abstract.

Heuberger, E., Hongratanaworakit, T., and Buchbauer, G. East Indian Sandalwood and alpha-santalol odor increase physiological and self-rated arousal in humans. Planta Med 2006;72(9):792-800. View abstract.

Hongratanaworakit, T., Heuberger, E., and Buchbauer, G. Evaluation of the effects of East Indian sandalwood oil and alpha-santalol on humans after transdermal absorption. Planta Med 2004;70(1):3-7. View abstract.

Kaur, M., Agarwal, C., Singh, R. P., Guan, X., Dwivedi, C., and Agarwal, R. Skin cancer chemopreventive agent, {alpha}-santalol, induces apoptotic death of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells via caspase activation together with dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release. Carcinogenesis 2005;26(2):369-380. View abstract.

Kyle, G. Evaluating the effectiveness of aromatherapy in reducing levels of anxiety in palliative care patients: results of a pilot study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006;12(2):148-155. View abstract.

Masago, R., Matsuda, T., Kikuchi, Y., Miyazaki, Y., Iwanaga, K., Harada, H., and Katsuura, T. Effects of inhalation of essential oils on EEG activity and sensory evaluation. J Physiol Anthropol.Appl.Human Sci 2000;19(1):35-42. View abstract.

Sharma, R., Bajaj, A. K., and Singh, K. G. Sandalwood dermatitis. Int J Dermatol 1987;26(9):597. View abstract.

Starke, J. C. Photoallergy to sandalwood oil. Arch Dermatol 1967;96(1):62-63. View abstract.