Whey Protein

Last Editorial Review: 6/11/2021
Other Name(s):

Bovine Whey Protein Concentrate, Concentré de Protéine de Petit-Lait Bovin, Fraction de Lactosérum, Fraction de Petit-Lait, Goat Milk Whey, Goat Whey, Isolat de Protéine de Lactosérum, Isolat de Protéine de Petit-Lait, Lactosérum de Lait de Chèvre, MBP, Milk Protein, Milk Protein Isolate, Mineral Whey Concentrate, Proteínas del Suero de la Leche, Protéine de Lactosérum, Protéine de Lait, Protéine de Petit-Lait, Whey, Whey Fraction, Whey Peptides, Whey Protein Concentrate, Whey Protein Hydrolysate, Whey Protein Isolate, WPC, WPI.


Whey protein is the protein contained in whey, the watery portion of milk that separates from the curds when making cheese.

Whey protein is used for improving athletic performance, as a food supplement, as an alternative to milk for people with lactose intolerance, for replacing or supplementing milk-based infant formulas, and for reversing weight loss and increasing glutathione (GSH) in people with HIV disease.

Whey protein is also used for protein allergy, asthma, high cholesterol, obesity and weight loss, preventing allergies in infants, late-stage cancer, and colon cancer.

How does work?

Whey protein is a source of protein that might improve the nutrient content of the diet. Whey protein might also have effects on the immune system.


Common Allergies: Symptoms and Signs See Slideshow


Possibly Effective for...

  • Red, itchy skin (eczema). Research shows that infants who consume whey protein by mouth during the first 3-12 months of life have a lower risk of developing red, itchy skin by the age of 3 years.
  • Prone allergies and allergic reactions (atopic disease). Research shows that infants who consume whey protein by mouth during the first 3-12 months of life are less likely to be prone to allergies and allergic reactions compared to infants who receive standard formula. However, taking why protein might not be helpful for treating atopic diseases once they develop.
  • Weight loss in people with HIV/AIDS. Some research shows that taking whey protein by mouth can help decrease weight loss in people with HIV.
  • Red, scaly skin (psoriasis). Some evidence shows that taking a specific whey protein extract (Dermylex Advitech Inc.) daily for 8 weeks can reduce psoriasis symptoms.

Possibly Ineffective for...

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Athletic performance. Some clinical research shows that taking whey protein in combination with strength training increases lean body mass, strength, and muscle size. However, other research suggests no effect of whey protein on strength or muscle mass. Taking whey protein seems to improve recovery from exercise better than carbohydrate supplements in untrained but not trained athletes.
  • Asthma. Early research suggests that taking a specific type of whey protein (HMS 90 Immunofec, Inc) daily for 30 days does not improve lung function in children with asthma.
  • Cancer. There is some evidence that taking whey protein might help reduce tumor size in some people with cancer that has spread.
  • Cystic fibrosis. Early research suggests that taking whey protein daily for 28 days improves lung function in children, but not adults with cystic fibrosis
  • Asthma caused by exercise. Early research suggests that taking whey protein daily for 10 days improves lung function in people with asthma caused by exercise.
  • Non-alcoholic liver disease (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH). Early research suggests that taking whey protein daily for 12 weeks can improve liver function in patients with NASH.
  • Hepatitis. Early research suggests that taking a specific type of whey protein (Immunocal) daily for 12 weeks can improve liver function in some people with hepatitis B. However, it does not appear to benefit people with hepatitis C.
  • HIV/AIDS. Early research suggests that taking whey protein for 4 months does not improve immune function in children with HIV.
  • High cholesterol. Early research suggests that taking whey protein daily while participating in resistance training does not reduce cholesterol levels or body fat in overweight men with high cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure. Early research suggests that drinking a beverage that contains whey protein daily for 12 weeks does not lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure. However, taking hydrolyzed whey protein daily for 6 weeks can reduce blood pressure
  • Infections developed while in the hospital. Early research suggests that taking a specific whey protein supplement (Beneprotein) daily for up to 28 days has a similar effect on the rate of hospital-acquired infections as taking a combination of zinc, selenium, glutamine, and metoclopramide.
  • Inherited disorders that cause mental and developmental problems (mitochondrial myopathies). Early research suggests that taking a whey protein supplement daily for one month does not improve muscle strength or quality of life in people with mitochondrial diseases.
  • Ovarian cysts (Polycystic ovarian syndrome). Early research suggests that taking a supplement containing whey protein daily for 2 months can reduce body weight, fat mass, and cholesterol in people with ovarian cysts. However, whey protein does not improve blood sugar and seems to decrease high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good") cholesterol.
  • Aching and stiffness caused by inflammation (polymyalgia rheumatica). Taking whey protein in a dairy product twice daily for 8 weeks does not improve muscle function, walking speed, or other movement tests in people with polymyalgia rheumatica.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate whey protein for these uses.

Side Effects

Whey protein is LIKELY SAFE for most children and adults when taken by mouth appropriately. High doses can cause some side effects such as increased bowel movements, nausea, thirst, bloating, cramps, reduced appetite, tiredness (fatigue), and headache.


Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking whey protein if you are pregnant or breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Milk allergy: If you are allergic to cow's milk, avoid using whey protein.


LevodopaInteraction Rating: Major Do not take this combination.

Whey protein might decrease how much levodopa the body absorbs. By decreasing how much levodopa the body absorbs, whey protein might decrease the effectiveness of levodopa. Do not take whey protein and levodopa at the same time.

AlbendazoleInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Whey protein can decrease how much albendazole the body absorbs. Taking whey protein and albendazole at the same time can decrease the effectiveness of albendazole. Do not take whey protein while taking albendazole.

Alendronate (Fosamax)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Whey protein can decrease how much alendronate (Fosamax) the body absorbs. Taking whey protein and alendronate (Fosamax) at the same time can decrease the effectiveness of alendronate (Fosamax). Don't take whey protein within two hours of taking alendronate (Fosamax).

Antibiotics (Quinolone antibiotics)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Whey protein might decrease how much antibiotic the body absorbs. Taking whey protein along with some antibiotics might decrease the effectiveness of some antibiotics. To avoid this interaction take whey protein supplements at least one hour after antibiotics.

Some of these antibiotics that might interact with whey protein include ciprofloxacin (Cipro), enoxacin (Penetrex), norfloxacin (Chibroxin, Noroxin), sparfloxacin (Zagam), trovafloxacin (Trovan), and grepafloxacin (Raxar).

Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Whey protein contains calcium. The calcium in whey protein can attach to tetracyclines in the stomach. This decreases the amount of tetracyclines that can be absorbed. Taking calcium with tetracyclines might decrease the effectiveness of tetracyclines. To avoid this interaction, take whey protein two hours before or four hours after taking tetracyclines.

Some tetracyclines include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin).


The following doses have been studied in scientific research:


  • For improving athletic performance: 1.2-1.5 grams/kg of whey protein in combination with strength training for 6-10 weeks.
  • For HIV/AIDS-related weight loss: 8.4-84 grams of whey protein per day, or 2.4 grams/kg per day in a high-calorie formula, or 42-84 grams per day in a glutamine-enriched formula.


Allergies can best be described as: See Answer

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

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Pilvi, T. K., Seppanen-Laakso, T., Simolin, H., Finckenberg, P., Huotari, A., Herzig, K. H., Korpela, R., Oresic, M., and Mervaala, E. M. Metabolomic changes in fatty liver can be modified by dietary protein and calcium during energy restriction. World J Gastroenterol. 7-28-2008;14(28):4462-4472. View abstract.

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Planas, M., Alvarez, J., Garcia-Peris, P. A., de la Cuerda, C., de, Lucas P., Castella, M., Canseco, F., and Reyes, L. Nutritional support and quality of life in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Clin Nutr 2005;24(3):433-441. View abstract.

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Poulin, Y., Bissonnette, R., Juneau, C., Cantin, K., Drouin, R., and Poubelle, P. E. XP-828L in the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Altern.Med Rev. 2007;12(4):352-359. View abstract.

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Poullain, M. G., Cezard, J. P., Marche, C., Roger, L., Mendy, F., and Broyart, J. P. Dietary whey proteins and their peptides or amino acids: effects on the jejunal mucosa of starved rats. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49(1):71-76. View abstract.

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Poullain, M. G., Vacher, D., Cezard, J. P., and Girard-Globa, A. Serum lipids and apolipoproteins in the rat refed after starving: influence of the molecular form of nitrogen (protein, peptides, or free amino acids). Metabolism 1989;38(8):740-744. View abstract.

Prinsloo, J. G., Conradie, J. M., Odendaal, W. A., and Van der Walt, W. H. [Initiation of a cure for kwashiorkor patients using a whey milk product. A comparison with cows milk]. S.Afr.Med J 10-22-1983;64(18):710-712. View abstract.

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Reading, J. L., Meyers, A. F., and Vyakarnam, A. Whey acidic proteins (WAPs): novel modulators of innate immunity to HIV infection. Curr.Opin.HIV.AIDS 2012;7(2):172-179. View abstract.

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Reitelseder, S., Agergaard, J., Doessing, S., Helmark, I. C., Lund, P., Kristensen, N. B., Frystyk, J., Flyvbjerg, A., Schjerling, P., van, Hall G., Kjaer, M., and Holm, L. Whey and casein labeled with L-[1-13C]leucine and muscle protein synthesis: effect of resistance exercise and protein ingestion. Am J Physiol Endocrinol.Metab 2011;300(1):E231-E242. View abstract.

Rhimi, M., Aghajari, N., Jaouadi, B., Juy, M., Boudebbouze, S., Maguin, E., Haser, R., and Bejar, S. Exploring the acidotolerance of beta-galactosidase from Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus: an attractive enzyme for lactose bioconversion. Res Microbiol. 2009;160(10):775-784. View abstract.

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Rieu, I., Balage, M., Sornet, C., Debras, E., Ripes, S., Rochon-Bonhomme, C., Pouyet, C., Grizard, J., and Dardevet, D. Increased availability of leucine with leucine-rich whey proteins improves postprandial muscle protein synthesis in aging rats. Nutrition 2007;23(4):323-331. View abstract.

Rippel, K. M., Nielsen, S. S., and Hayes, K. D. Effects of native and denatured whey proteins on plasminogen activator activity. J Dairy Sci 2004;87(8):2344-2350. View abstract.

Romond, M. B., Ais, A., Guillemot, F., Bounouader, R., Cortot, A., and Romond, C. Cell-free whey from milk fermented with Bifidobacterium breve C50 used to modify the colonic microflora of healthy subjects. J Dairy Sci 1998;81(5):1229-1235. View abstract.

Ronis, M. J., Rowlands, J. C., Hakkak, R., and Badger, T. M. Inducibility of hepatic CYP1A enzymes by 3-methylcholanthrene and isosafrole differs in male rats fed diets containing casein, soy protein isolate or whey from conception to adulthood. J Nutr 2001;131(4):1180-1188. View abstract.

Rosaneli, C. F., Bighetti, A. E., Antonio, M. A., Carvalho, J. E., and Sgarbieri, V. C. Efficacy of a whey protein concentrate on the inhibition of stomach ulcerative lesions caused by ethanol ingestion. J Med Food 2002;5(4):221-228. View abstract.

Rosaneli, C. F., Bighetti, A. E., Antonio, M. A., Carvalho, J. E., and Sgarbieri, V. C. Protective effect of bovine milk whey protein concentrate on the ulcerative lesions caused by subcutaneous administration of indomethacin. J Med Food 2004;7(3):309-314. View abstract.

Roth, J. A., Frank, D. E., Weighner, P., and Weighner, M. Enhancement of neutrophil function by ultrafiltered bovine whey. J Dairy Sci 2001;84(4):824-829. View abstract.

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Rowlands, J. C., Hakkak, R., Ronis, M. J., and Badger, T. M. Altered mammary gland differentiation and progesterone receptor expression in rats fed soy and whey proteins. Toxicol.Sci 2002;70(1):40-45. View abstract.

Royle, P. J., McIntosh, G. H., and Clifton, P. M. Whey protein isolate and glycomacropeptide decrease weight gain and alter body composition in male Wistar rats. Br.J.Nutr. 2008;100(1):88-93. View abstract.

Rozin, A. P., Schapira, D., Braun-Moscovici, Y., Markovits, D., Vlodavsky, E., and Balbir-Gurman, A. Ultrasound imaging of fasciitis due to body-building supplement. Am J Med Sci 2008;335(3):242-245. View abstract.

Rusu, D., Drouin, R., Pouliot, Y., Gauthier, S., and Poubelle, P. E. A bovine whey protein extract can enhance innate immunity by priming normal human blood neutrophils. J.Nutr. 2009;139(2):386-393. View abstract.

Rusu, D., Drouin, R., Pouliot, Y., Gauthier, S., and Poubelle, P. E. A bovine whey protein extract stimulates human neutrophils to generate bioactive IL-1Ra through a NF-kappaB- and MAPK-dependent mechanism. J Nutr 2010;140(2):382-391. View abstract.

Ryan, A. T., Feinle-Bisset, C., Kallas, A., Wishart, J. M., Clifton, P. M., Horowitz, M., and Luscombe-Marsh, N. D. Intraduodenal protein modulates antropyloroduodenal motility, hormone release, glycemia, appetite, and energy intake in lean men. Am J Clin.Nutr 2012;96(3):474-482. View abstract.

Rzehak, P., Sausenthaler, S., Koletzko, S., Reinhardt, D., von, Berg A., Kramer, U., Berdel, D., Bollrath, C., Grubl, A., Bauer, C. P., Wichmann, H. E., and Heinrich, J. Long-term effects of hydrolyzed protein infant formulas on growth--extended follow-up to 10 y of age: results from the German Infant Nutritional Intervention (GINI) study. Am J Clin.Nutr 2011;94(6 Suppl):1803S-1807S. View abstract.

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Salami, M., Moosavi-Movahedi, A. A., Ehsani, M. R., Yousefi, R., Haertle, T., Chobert, J. M., Razavi, S. H., Henrich, R., Balalaie, S., Ebadi, S. A., Pourtakdoost, S., and Niasari-Naslaji, A. Improvement of the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of camel and bovine whey proteins by limited proteolysis. J Agric.Food Chem. 3-24-2010;58(6):3297-3302. View abstract.

Sangild, P. T., Trahair, J. F., Loftager, M. K., and Fowden, A. L. Intestinal macromolecule absorption in the fetal pig after infusion of colostrum in utero. Pediatr Res 1999;45(4 Pt 1):595-602. View abstract.

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Sataloff, R. T., Bittermann, T., Marks, L., Lurie, D., and Hawkshaw, M. The effects of glutathione enhancement on sensorineural hearing loss. Ear Nose Throat J 2010;89(9):422-433. View abstract.

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Sattler, F. R., Rajicic, N., Mulligan, K., Yarasheski, K. E., Koletar, S. L., Zolopa, A., Alston, Smith B., Zackin, R., and Bistrian, B. Evaluation of high-protein supplementation in weight-stable HIV-positive subjects with a history of weight loss: a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2008;88(5):1313-1321. View abstract.

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Schmitt, J. A., Jorissen, B. L., Dye, L., Markus, C. R., Deutz, N. E., and Riedel, W. J. Memory function in women with premenstrual complaints and the effect of serotonergic stimulation by acute administration of an alpha-lactalbumin protein. J Psychopharmacol 2005;19(4):375-384. View abstract.

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Siddiqui, S. M., Chang, E., Li, J., Burlage, C., Zou, M., Buhman, K. K., Koser, S., Donkin, S. S., and Teegarden, D. Dietary intervention with vitamin D, calcium, and whey protein reduced fat mass and increased lean mass in rats. Nutr Res 2008;28(11):783-790. View abstract.

Silva, L. B., Mourao, L. F., Silva, A. A., Lima, N. M., Almeida, S. R., Franca Jr, M. C., Nucci, A., and Amaya-Farfan, J. Effect of nutritional supplementation with milk whey proteins in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2010;68(2):263-268. View abstract.

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Sugawara, K., Takahashi, H., Kashiwagura, T., Yamada, K., Yanagida, S., Homma, M., Dairiki, K., Sasaki, H., Kawagoshi, A., Satake, M., and Shioya, T. Effect of anti-inflammatory supplementation with whey peptide and exercise therapy in patients with COPD. Respir.Med. 2012;106(11):1526-1534. View abstract.

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Toba, Y., Takada, Y., Matsuoka, Y., Morita, Y., Motouri, M., Hirai, T., Suguri, T., Aoe, S., Kawakami, H., Kumegawa, M., Takeuchi, A., and Itabashi, A. Milk basic protein promotes bone formation and suppresses bone resorption in healthy adult men. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. 2001;65(6):1353-1357. View abstract.

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