Medications are not completely safe during pregnancy, but there are a few that can be used with a doctor's prescription. Before taking any medication during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, always consult your doctor.
Medications to avoid during pregnancy include:
Most dangerous medicine for pregnancy
The following are a few medications, which should be avoided during pregnancy or should be taken only under the supervision of a healthcare provider as they may cause birth defects:
- Antibiotics: Are commonly given during pregnancy. However, certain antibiotics are safer to use during pregnancy, whereas others or not. It is very important to choose the specific type of antibiotic that is safer to use during pregnancy.
- Tetracyclines should be avoided till the fifth week of pregnancy. Tetracycline affects bone growth and causes stained teeth.
- Chloramphenicol causes blood disorders and gray baby syndrome.
- Ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin result in poor muscle growth.
- Sulfonamides increase the risk of heart disease, cleft palate, cleft lip, and jaundice, and are avoided during the first trimester and before the baby's birth.
- Anticonvulsants: Increase the risk of fetal loss, prenatal growth restrictions, and premature birth when taken during pregnancy.
- Benzodiazepines: Should be avoided during pregnancy. It causes premature births and low birth weight of the baby.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): May put your pregnancy at risk and reduce amniotic fluid levels, so it is critical to use NSAIDS under the supervision of a healthcare provider.
- Naproxen, aspirin, and celecoxib increase the risk of miscarriages.
- Avoid ibuprofen as it causes various side effects, such as:
- Thalidomides: These are sedative drugs that cause malformation, especially in the limbs. Thalidomide was banned in pregnant mothers in 1960 after a great tragedy occurred causing the malformation of limbs in thousands of children. Previously the medicine was used to treat morning sickness. Now, it is used to treat skin conditions and cancer. However, the medicine should be strictly avoided.
What is the safe medication during pregnancy?
The following medications are generally safe to use during pregnancy:
- For allergy:
- For cold and flu:
- Saline spray and nasal drops
- Warm or salt water gargle
- For constipation:
- First aid ointment:
- For rashes:
- Benadryl (diphenhydramine) cream
- Caladryl (calamine/diphenhydramine hydrochloride) lotion or cream
- Hydrocortisone cream or ointment
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