- Risk Factors
Medications and treatment for sinusitis vary depending on the severity of the condition.
What medications are used to treat mild, severe, and chronic sinusitis?
Mild to moderate sinusitis
If the sinus congestion is mild, it can be relieved with medications such as:
If symptoms do not improve after 10 days, treatments may change to:
- Oral or topical decongestants
- Prescription intranasal steroid sprays
Chronic sinusitis is often treated by focusing on the underlying condition (which are typically allergies):
- Intranasal steroid sprays
- Topical antihistamine sprays or oral pills
- Leukotriene antagonists to reduce allergy symptoms
When sinusitis is not controlled with these treatments, a computed tomography scan may be taken to have a better look at the sinuses. Based on the results, surgery may be required to correct structural problems in the sinuses. This is often advised in the case of polyps and fungal infections.
What are different types of sinusitis?
- Acute sinusitis: Symptoms last for 4 weeks or less and may be due to bacterial or viral infections or allergies.
- Chronic sinusitis: Sinus swelling lasts for more than 3 months and may be due to bacterial or fungal infections.
- Subacute sinusitis: Sinus congestion lasts for 1-3 months.
What causes sinusitis?
The sinuses are air-filled cavities in the skull that are located behind the forehead, nasal bones, cheeks, and eyes. They produce thin mucus that drains out of the nose and keeps the nasal passages clear of germs and allergens.
When these sinus openings are blocked and traps mucus and air inside the sinuses, germs can grow more easily and cause infection.
Causes of sinusitis include:
What are risk factors for sinusitis?
Risk factors for sinusitis include:
What are symptoms of sinusitis?
Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition and may include:
Brook I. Acute Sinusitis. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232670-overview
Brook I. Chronic Sinusitis. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232791-overview
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