What Is the Most Common Type of Migraine?

Medically Reviewed on 5/18/2022
Migraine Headache
There are seven common types of Migraines include complicated migraine, chronic migraine, a hemiplegic migraine, retinal migraine, vestibular migraine, Menstrual migraines, and brainstem aura.

The most common type of migraine is migraine without aura (common migraine). 70-90% of people with migraine experience this type. The frequency of this type of migraine may range from once a year to several times per week.

The common symptoms of a migraine without aura include:

Symptoms may last between 4 and 72 hours when untreated.

What are other 7 types of migraines?

The exact cause of migraines remains a mystery. However, several factors are associated with migraines.

The other types of migraines include:

  • Migraine with aura (complicated migraine): Aura is a neurological symptom of migraine, which is most commonly visual disturbance along with the normal symptoms of migraine. It commonly affects 10-30% of people. The frequency of this type of migraine may range from once a year to several times per year. In this, a person might observe the below symptoms (aura) 10-30 minutes before an attack:
    • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
    • Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
    • Altered sense of smell, taste, or touch
    • Feeling mentally “fuzzy”
  • Chronic migraine: Experiencing headaches on more than 15 days per month for more than three months may indicate a chronic migraine. The symptoms are similar to those of common migraine but may vary in intensity. Some days, the pain would be less severe similar to a tension headache or sinus headache.
  • Hemiplegic migraine: If the migraine attack causes symptoms such as a temporary inability to move the arm or leg, it is more probably a hemiplegic migraine. People with hemiplegic migraine may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
    • Weakness on one side of the body
    • Pins and needles sensation on one side of the body
    • Loss of sensation
  • Retinal migraine: Headache causing a temporary loss in vision in one eye is known as retinal migraine. This form of migraine with aura is very rare. The symptoms of retinal migraine include:
    • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
    • Loss of some or all vision in one eye only
    • The visual loss followed by a typical headache
  • Vestibular migraine: Migraine along with prominent vertigo is known as vestibular migraine. Other symptoms of vestibular migraine include:
    • Dizziness
    • Balance problems
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Photophobia
    • Phonophobia
    • Sensitivity to movement
    • Osmophobia (sensitivity to smell)
    • Cranial allodynia (sensitivity to touch on the head or face)
    • Photic allodynia (pain and sensitivity to light)
  • Menstrual migraines: This type of migraine occurs two days before the menstrual period and continues three days after the start. This type of migraine is usually a migraine without aura.
  • Brainstem aura: Along with migraine symptoms, additional symptoms include:


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Medically Reviewed on 5/18/2022