Stuttering (child-onset fluency disorder) is a speech disorder that involves significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. The possible causes of stuttering are developmental (problems in speech control, genetics) or neurogenic (traumatic brain injury, stroke or other brain disorders). Read more: What Is the Main Cause of Stuttering? Article
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Related Disease Conditions
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking, or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Medications
Traumatic brain injury and related conditions, may require diuretics, anticonvulsants, sedatives, antidepressants, muscle relaxers, pain relievers, and stimulants to treat deficits in cognitive functions such as attention, memory, learning and language.
Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by speech disruptions such as prolongations of speech sounds, syllables or words, frequent repetitions, or the inability to start a word. Over 3 million Americans stutter, and boys are more likely to stutter than girls. Stuttering may be developmental, neurogenic, psychogenic, or even genetically determined. Treatment for stuttering may incorporate stuttering therapy with a speech-language pathologist and educating the parents about restructuring the child's speaking environment.
How Do You Identify Developmental Delays?
According to the CDC, about one in six children in the United States has one or another kind of developmental delay or developmental disability. Possible signs of developmental delay include a baby not being able to hold their head up by 4 months of age; can't sit well by 10 months of age; doesn't move their arms or legs; has an unusual cry; doesn't want to stand up and other signs.