What is morning sickness?

Pregnant woman bending over a sink.
Morning sickness usually begins in the 9th week of pregnancy.

Morning sickness is the term used to refer to the symptoms that a pregnant woman may have during her 1st, 2nd, or 3rd trimester of pregnancy

Common symptoms of morning sickness in early pregnancy that can occur at any time of day are;

What does morning sickness feel like? When does it start?

Morning sickness usually begins by the 9th week after conception. The nausea can occur any time of day, not just in the morning. It may be triggered or worsened by certain odors or foods, or there may be no specific triggers. Most women experience relief in their second trimester, but for some women, nausea and vomiting persists throughout the pregnancy.

Pregnancy Week by Week - 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Trimesters

Pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, counting from the first day of your last normal period. The weeks are grouped into three trimesters (tri-MESSTURS).

  1. During the 1st trimester of pregnancy there are hormonal changes.
  2. During the 2nd of pregnancy (week 13-week 28) most women who are pregnant find the second trimester of pregnancy easier than the first. But it is just as important to stay informed about your pregnancy during these months.
  3. During the 3rd trimester trimester of pregnancy (week 29-week 40) some of the same discomforts you had in your second trimester will continue. Many women find breathing difficult and notice that they have to go to the bathroom even more often. This is because the baby is getting bigger and it is putting more pressure on your organs.

What causes morning sickness?

Morning sickness is likely caused by the changes in hormone level that take place in a woman’s body in early pregnancy. It is more likely to occur if you have had morning sickness with;

7 lifestyle changes to relieve morning sickness

There are a number of ways to relieve morning sickness through lifestyle changes.

  1. Diet.
  2. Excercise.
  3. Yoga.
  4. Meditation.
  5. Stress management techniques.

Make sure that you are cleared by your OB/GYN before participating in any exercise program.

  1. Certain antihistamines are safe to use in pregnancy and have been shown to help relieve nausea and vomiting.
  2. Other medications to control nausea in severe cases.

QUESTION

The first sign of pregnancy is most often: See Answer

11 natural home remedies to help nausea and vomiting from morning sickness

Natural or home remedies for morning sickness include;

  1. eating smaller portions more frequently throughout the day,
  2. avoiding foods that trigger or worsen the condition, and
  3. sipping ginger ale.

Avoid foods that produce;

  1. gas,
  2. greasy or fatty foods, and
  3. spicy foods.

Other tips for relief include;

  1. sucking on hard candies,
  2. nibbling crackers, or
  3. nibbling pretzels.
  4. Aromatherapy with the smell of citrus fruit or mint may produce some relief.
  5. Regular exercise may help control morning sickness symptoms, and other mild discomforts of early pregnancy.

What drinks and foods cause morning sickness?

The experience of morning sickness is different for every woman, so not all women will be triggered by the same foods. In general though, spicy, greasy, or fatty foods, as well as foods with strong aromas, are more likely to provoke morning sickness.

What drinks and food help relieve morning sickness symptoms?

As with foods that cause morning sickness, foods that provide relief vary among women. A food that helps one woman may worsen nausea in another. Ginger is one food that many women find helpful, so sipping ginger ale can often help relieve symptoms.

When does morning sickness end?

  • Morning sickness ends for most women in the second trimester.
  • When nausea and vomiting are severe and cause dehydration, a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum may be present.
    • This is a more severe condition in which a woman runs the risk of becoming severely dehydrated or loses over 5% of her pre-pregnancy weight.
    • Hyperemesis gravidarum may require hospitalization and may be treated with intravenous (IV) fluids and medications.

When should you call a doctor for morning sickness?

You should always call a doctor if the nausea and vomiting is so severe that you are becoming dehydrated. Signs of dehydration include becoming dizzy or faint when you stand up, passing a small amount of dark urine, and a racing heart. Call your healthcare provider if you cannot keep liquids down or if you are having any symptoms that concern you.

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Medically Reviewed on 12/27/2019
References
Ways to relieve morning sickness. American Pregnancy Association. Updated: <https://americanpregnancy.org/womens-health/morning-sickness-relief/>
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