What Is Anxiety Mostly About?
Anxiety can manifest in several different ways, however, it most often results in elevated stress and fear.

Anxiety is the human body's natural response to stress or danger, alerting us of a potential threat. Everyone feels anxious now and then. However, constant anxiety about things that are out of your control is something you should talk to your doctor about.

Anxiety disorders are different; they are a group of mental condition that causes severe fear and anxiety. Excessive anxiety may interfere with your daily activities, such as avoiding confrontations in family and at work and poor performance in school and the workplace.

What are the causes of anxiety?

Some of the causes of anxiety include:

  • Genetics: It is suspected that anxiety disorders may run in families, but there are no proven studies for this.
  • Brain chemistry: Some research suggests that anxiety is linked to the faulty circuits of the brain that control fear and other emotions.
  • Environmental factors: Experiencing any mental trauma or any other stressful events in life may result in anxiety disorders. Stressful life events include child abuse, the death of loved ones, a dysfunctional family, and high achievers in the family.
  • Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, such as heart, lung, and thyroid diseases, make the symptoms of anxiety disorder worse. It is important to rule out the underlying conditions when talking to your doctor about anxiety.

What are the types of anxiety disorders?

There are different anxiety disorders, and some of them are listed below:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
    • The most common anxiety disorder seen in many people. People with a generalized anxiety disorder may feel extreme and unrealistic worry and fear although there is nothing to trigger the person has these feelings.
    • The person may feel worried about different things, such as health, work, school, and relationships. The worry may keep continuing from one issue to the other. 
  • Panic disorder
    • Stronger and more intense than other disorders. The feelings may be very sudden and unexpected.
    • In this type of anxiety, there may be a trigger factor that causes panic attacks. These attacks resemble heart attacks; if there is any emergency, consult your physician immediately. Panic attacks are very depressing; usually, the person will fear the next attack.
  • Specific phobias
    • Some people may feel an intense fear of specific objects or situations, such as heights or flying. Fear goes beyond what is normal. Like other anxiety disorders, people may try to avoid the situations that cause them to fear.
      • The following are the few phobias that people experience:
        • Animals, such as spiders, lizards, snakes, and dogs
        • Blood
        • Injections
        • Heights
        • Flying
  • Social anxiety disorder
    • People with a social anxiety disorder may feel severe worry and self-consciousness about daily social situations. They worry about being embarrassed or judged by others.
    • People with anxiety disorder mostly avoid social gatherings.
  • Agoraphobia
    • Intense fear of being overwhelmed or unable to escape from a place or situation where you cannot get help. People with a type of fear are usually worried about panic attacks in public and like to stay inside the house.
      • They usually are afraid of:
        • Crowds
        • Public transport
        • Open spaces
        • Enclosed spaces
        • Places outside your house
        • Public transportation
  • Separation anxiety disorder
    • Mostly seen in children and teenagers but can also be seen in adults. It is the kind of fear and worries that a person experiences when someone close to them is leaving. You may be afraid of losing them, or you may feel that something bad is going to happen to your loved ones.

QUESTION

Panic attacks are repeated attacks of fear that can last for several minutes. See Answer

What are the symptoms of anxiety disorder?

The main symptoms of anxiety disorder are intense fear or worry about any situation or person or any other object.

The symptoms depend on the type of anxiety disorder that you are experiencing; however, the most common signs and symptoms include:

  • Feeling restless, nervous, or tense
  • Feelings of panic doom or danger
  • Increased heart rate
  • Breathing rapidly
  • Lack of concentration
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Profuse sweating
  • Trying to avoid the situation or trouble that triggers the fear
  • Feeling weakness
  • Trembling
  • Unable to stay calm and still
  • Nausea
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth

What are the risk factors for anxiety disorders?

Risk factors for anxiety disorders include:

How do you diagnose and treat anxiety disorders?

Diagnosing anxiety disorders

There are no specific lab tests to diagnose anxiety disorders.

  • Your doctor may go for a thorough physical and medication examination.
  • They may rule out underlying medical conditions and make a note of your clinical symptoms.
  • If required, they may recommend taking a psychiatrist's opinion.
  • The doctor may consider how intense and often the anxiety attacks are.

Treatment of anxiety disorders

Medications for anxiety disorders include:

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Medically Reviewed on 10/5/2022
References
Image Source: iStock image

https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/anxiety-disorders

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9536-anxiety-disorders

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anxiety/symptoms-causes/syc-20350961