In most cases, vomiting may resolve without specific medical treatment. Always seek a doctor’s permission before giving an over the counter (OTC) medicine to treat vomiting. Some of the home remedies for treating vomiting include:
- Give some rest to the child’s stomach: Refrain from feeding the child 30-40 minutes after vomiting for the stomach to recover.
- Replenishing fluid: Fluid loss can be alarming if not replaced on time. Start replacing fluids after the child has stopped vomiting for 30-60 minutes. Do not force-feed the child unless the child asks for a drink. Moreover, take care of the following things before giving fluids to the child:
- Start with small amounts of fluid every 5-10 minutes. Use a teaspoon to give fluids instead of glass.
- Give clear, noncarbonated fluids such as water to your child instead of juice or carbonated drinks.
- Breast milk should be given to breastfed infants.
- If the child vomits the fluid, wait at least 30 minutes before giving any fluid.
- If the child finds it difficult to swallow the fluids, then give them frozen juice bars or ice chips.
- Oral rehydration solution is preferred when the child is dehydrated from frequent vomiting.
What are the causes of vomiting in children?
Seeing your child vomit incites an alarming response in you; however, vomiting may not indicate any severe health problems. The reasons for vomiting may vary with age:
In newborns and infants:
In older children:
- Gastroenteritis or stomach flu
Less common causes in newborns and infants include:
- Pyloric stenosis (narrowing or blockage of the passage of the stomach)
- Intussusceptions (sliding of one segment of the intestine into another)
- Volvulus (blockage of the intestine caused by birth defects)
Other causes include:
- Motion sickness
- Food poisoning
- Food intolerance
In infants, vomiting should be differentiated from spit-up because they spit up small amounts while being fed or shortly afterward.
What all should be avoided when the children start vomiting?
Avoid doing the following things when the child starts vomiting:
- Giving over -the- counter (OTC) medicines to control a not so serious vomiting
- Giving heavy food after the first 24 hours of vomiting
- Oily or spicy food for a few days
- Force-feeding the children with liquids or solids
- Carbonated drinks or unclear liquids
- Sugary foods such as ice-cream or pudding
When to call your pediatrician?
Call your pediatrician immediately if you observe the following symptoms in children:
- Vomit more than once and are under 12 weeks
- Severe vomiting
- Signs of dehydration such as:
- High fever
- Stiff neck
- Stomach pains
- Act confused
- Dry diapers
- Not passing urine
- Blood or bile in the vomit
- Hard to wake up
- Vomiting for more than 8 hours
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ammonium chlorideAmmonium chloride is an acidifying agent administered intravenously to treat metabolic alkalosis and low chloride levels (hypochloremia). Do not take ammonium chloride if you have impaired liver or kidney function. Common side effects of ammonium chloride include metabolic acidosis, ammonia toxicity symptoms, rapid breathing (hyperventilation), EEG abnormalities, involuntary muscle contractions due to electrolyte imbalance (calcium-deficient tetany), seizure, mental confusion, drowsiness, injection site reactions, rash, low blood potassium levels (hypokalemia), high blood chloride levels (hyperchloremia), abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:
- ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
- ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
- cap: Capsule.
- CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
- DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
- DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- HA: Headache
- IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
- JT: Joint
- N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
- p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
- q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
- RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
- SOB: Shortness of breath.
- T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles. Researchers believe that cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine headaches are related. Triggers of cyclic vomiting syndrome are emotional stress and infections. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome are at an increased risk of dehydration. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Treatment varies from person to person, but is generally directed toward relief of the symptoms of the condition.
dimenhydrinateDimenhydrinate is a medication used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and vertigo associated with motion sickness. Dimenhydrinate is a combination of diphenhydramine, an antihistamine drug, and 8-chlorotheophylline, a stimulant with effects similar to caffeine. Dimenhydrinate has a potential for abuse because of its hallucinogenic and euphoric effects. Common side effects of dimenhydrinate include central nervous system (CNS) depression, paradoxical CNS stimulation, dizziness, drowsiness, sedation, headache, insomnia, lethargy, excitement, nervousness, restlessness, euphoria, delirium, irritability, and others. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
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