If prostate cancer is left untreated, it may grow and possibly spread out of the prostate gland to the local tissues or distant sites such as liver and lungs. Unchecked prostate cancer may spread to:
- Seminal vesicles
- Bladder or rectum
ONLY if the cancer is in its initial stage, the physician might recommend active surveillance or watchful waiting. In this process, they will delay the treatment but will closely monitor you for any disease progression. In these cases, regular follow-ups and blood tests are extremely crucial.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is cancer that affects the prostate glands present in men. Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the United States.
The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that lies below the bladder and in front of the rectum. In men, the size of the prostate increases with increasing age. Its primary function is to make fluid to nourish and lubricate the semen.
Growth in the prostate can be of two types:
- Benign growths: These are noncancerous growths and are rarely a threat to life (e.g., benign prostatic hyperplasia).
- Malignant growths: These are cancerous growths that are potentially life-threatening.
How quickly does prostate cancer spread?
Prostate cancer usually spreads very slowly. It generally takes up to 15 years for cancer to spread from the prostate to other parts of the body. But it is deadly if it goes undetected; hence, regular follow-up after the age of 60 is a must.
How is prostate cancer treated?
The treatment plan for prostate cancer depends on the following factors:
- The stage and grade of cancer
- Age and health
- Risk category
- Patient values and preferences
- Life expectancy
Treatment choices for prostate cancer involve:
- Surveillance: If the prostate cancer is nonaggressive, the physician might recommend surveillance, which means that your physician will delay treatment but conduct regular check-ups or symptom monitoring to detect any progression.
- Active surveillance: Monitoring cancer closely by carrying out the prostate-specific examination
- Watchful waiting: Relying mainly on the changing symptoms in men
- Localized therapy: The physician might recommend these therapies when the cancer cells have not spread outside the prostate gland.
- Surgery involves prostatectomy (the removal of the prostate gland).
- Radiation therapy treats cancer by using high-energy waves to kill tumor cells.
- Cryotherapy is the use of extreme cold temperatures to freeze and kill the cancerous cell.
- Focal therapy is noninvasive therapy for destroying small tumors inside the prostate while leaving the remaining gland intact and sparing most of its normal tissue.
- Drug therapies: Drug therapies that spread throughout the body to destroy cancer cells involve:
- Hormonal therapy
What is the life expectancy of a man with prostate cancer?
The life expectancy of a man with prostate cancer is favorable. Most of the aged men detected of prostate cancer die of other comorbidities. The life expectancy is as follows:
- Almost 100% of men who have early-stage prostate cancer will survive more than 5 years after diagnosis.
- Men with advanced prostate cancer or whose cancer has spread to other regions have lesser survival rates. About one-third will survive for 5 years after diagnosis.
The longer-term survival rates (more than 5 years) for early-stage prostate cancer include:
- The relative 10-year survival rate is 98%.
- The relative 15-year survival rate is 96%.
- Attachment Theory: What It Is, Stages & the Different Attachment Styles
- Gentle Parenting: What It Is, Techniques & Discipline
- U.S. Nursing Homes Fail to Report Many Serious Falls, Bedsores: Study
- The Younger You Get Diabetes, the Higher Your Risk for Dementia Later
- FDA Grants Full Approval to Paxlovid to Treat COVID-19
- More Health News »
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top What happens if you don't treat prostate cancer Related Articles
dutasterideDutasteride is a medication used to treat prostate enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia) in adult males by shrinking and slowing the growth of prostate tissue, and relieving urinary symptoms. Dutasteride is not intended for use in women or children. Common side effects of dutasteride include impotence, reduced sexual drive (libido), ejaculation disorder, breast tissue enlargement (gynecomastia) and tenderness, increase in the levels of hormones (luteinizing hormone, testosterone, thyroid stimulating hormone), and testicular pain and swelling.
Erleada (apalutamide)Erleada is a prescription medicine used for the treatment of prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and still responds to a medical or surgical treatment that lowers testosterone, or that has not spread to other parts of the body and no longer responds to a medical or surgical treatment that lowers testosterone.
Flomax and Viagra for BPH TreatmentFlomax (brand name tamsulosin) is a medication doctors prescribe to males who have an enlarged prostate gland and who are having difficulty urinating due to a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Viagra (brand name sildenafil) is a medication doctors prescribe to men who are having problems getting and sustaining an erection (erectile dysfunction, ED, impotence). Viagra works by increasing blood flow to the penis, which allows for a man to get and keep an erection. Common side effects of Flomax include headache, dizziness, hay fever, anemia, abnormal taste in the mouth, weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Common side effects of Viagra include flushing, muscle pain (myalgia), nausea, back pain, problems with vision, indigestion, headache, rash, nasal congestion, and dizziness.
How Does Prostate Cancer Kill You in the End?Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland in men. Death from prostate cancer most often happens when cancer has spread (metastasized) to other organs in the body.
How Quickly Does Prostate Cancer Spread?Prostate cancer is a cancer that develops in the prostate gland in men and it is one of the most common types of cancer. In some cases, it can take up to eight years to spread from the prostate to other parts of the body (metastasis), typically the bones. In other cases, it may be more aggressive.
Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetanLutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan is a radioligand therapy used for a specific type of advanced prostate cancer. Lutetium Lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan can cause fetal harm. May cause temporary or permanent infertility in males. Side effects of Lutetium Lu 177 vary depending on the grade. Male patients with female partners of reproductive potential must use effective contraception during treatment and for 14 weeks after the last dose. There are no data on presence in breast milk or its effects on breastfed infants or milk production.
lycopeneLycopene is a powerful antioxidant that scavenges the free radicals. Used as a supplement, lycopene may prevent the growth of cancer cells. Lycopene may slow down blood clotting. Exercise caution with lycopene supplements if you are taking blood thinners. The side effects of lycopene include skin rashes (rare). Lycopene is considered nontoxic and is unlikely to cause any serious adverse effects. Small amounts of lycopene in food is likely safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer.
- Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet.
- Prostate cancer is diagnosed by a digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy.
- Symptoms may include
- frequent need to urinate,
- incontinence, pain,
- blood in the urine,
- fatigue, and more.
- Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging.
- Watchful waiting,
- cryotherapy, and
- other management strategies are available.
- Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.
Signs of Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, PSA Test, TreatmentsWhat is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Learn the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, along with causes and treatments. Know the stages, survival rates and how to lower your risk of prostate cancer.
sea cucumberSea cucumbers are a rich source of several important nutrients including protein, vitamins A, B1, and B2, and minerals calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. Sea cucumber is purported to have many health benefits and is used to treat many conditions traditionally. Suggested uses include cancer, arthritis, joint pain, urinary frequency, impotence, and longevity. Do not take if you are taking blood-thinning medications. There have been no reports of side effects from ingesting sea cucumber or its extracts.
tamsulosinTamsulosin is a drug prescribed for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, enlarged prostate). The most common adverse effects of tamsulosin are anemia (decreased red blood cells), decreased white blood cells, nausea, vomiting, abnormal taste, increased triglycerides, and weakness. Other side effects include low blood pressure, dizziness, fainting, headache, abdominal pain, weight loss, muscle pain, abnormal ejaculation, upper respiratory tract infections, and rash.
testosterone gelTestosterone gel is a topical medication containing testosterone and is prescribed for the treatment of low testosterone levels. The most common side effects of testosterone gel are headache, high blood pressure, acne, abnormal lab tests (for example, glucose and cholesterol tests), application site reactions (for example, itching, blisters, and redness), enlarged prostate, and increased serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.
yohimbineYohimbine is a prescription medicine used to treat male impotence (erectile dysfunction) due to diabetes, vascular conditions or psychological origin. Yohimbine has also been used as a street drug, promoted as an aphrodisiac, hallucinogen, and for weight loss with little scientific evidence Yohimbine is a prescription medicine used to treat male impotence (erectile dysfunction) due to diabetes, vascular conditions, or psychological origin. Yohimbine should not be used by women and children. Yohimbine is not for use in women and pregnant or nursing women certainly should not take it.
Zoladex (goserelin acetate)Zoladex (goserelin acetate) implant is a GnRH agonist used to treat advanced breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometriosis, and endometrial thinning. Serious side effects vary depending on the condition treated.