What exactly is a tumor?
A tumor is an abnormal growth of cells, which serves no purpose in the body. A tumor develops when cells divide too quickly and without control. Tumors can vary in size, from a tiny swelling to a large lump. Tumors can appear almost anywhere in the body.
What are the different types of tumors?
There are three types of tumors, but it is not always clear how a tumor will develop in the future. Some non-cancerous tumors can become cancerous. So, it is best to monitor any abnormal growths.
Three different types of tumors are:
- These are not cancerous.
- They cannot spread or grow, or they do so very slowly.
- If removed, they do not usually return.
- In these tumors, the cells are not yet cancerous, but they have the potential to become cancerous.
- If removed, they may or may not return.
- Malignant tumors are cancerous.
- They are parasitic to the body and gradually compete with healthy cells for nutrition and blood supply.
- The cells can grow and spread to other parts of the body.
- These types are very dangerous as they may return after surgery.
What are the risk factors for developing a tumor?
The risk factors for developing a tumor usually depend on the location of the tumor.
Below are few common risk factors of developing tumors:
- Genetics: Genes are the strongest risk factor for developing a tumor. Various gene mutations (TP53) are implicated in tumor formation.
- Family history: Close family history is a common risk factor for developing a tumor.
- Lifestyle: Smoking, consuming alcohol, consuming a high amount of red meat, being overweight, and having limited physical activity, are the most common risk factors for developing tumors.
- Age: Most tumors are associated with aging; the ability of cells to prevent and recover from defects weakens with age.
- Exposure to radiation is considered one of the most harmful risk factors for developing a tumor.
- Gender: Men are at more risk of developing tumors than women because of lifestyle risk factors.
- Reproduction and hormones: Late reproductive age, late and early menopause, hormonal therapy, and prolonged use of birth control pills, are a few risk factors for developing breast tumors in women.
- Cosmetics: Intentional and unintentional exposure to chemicals in cosmetics like deodorants, powders and hair dyes increases the risk of developing tumors.
- Infection: Some viral and bacterial infections increase the risk of cancer (e.g. Hepatitis B and HPV). The most studied virus family that causes cancer are papilloma viruses (the human papilloma virus, also known as HPV), implicated in cervical cancer; these viruses may also cause other cancers, such as pharyngeal cancer. The bacteria Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of gastric cancer. Severe liver infections (hepatitis B and C virus infections) are associated with an increased risk of liver cancer.
- Work related and environmental exposure: Depending on the type of occupation and location of work an individual may develop cancer.
Can a tumor kill you?
Most benign and few premalignant tumors do not kill a person. Large, non-cancerous tumors may cause pressure on surrounding skins and can cause pain or numbness. Cancerous tumors however have a high death rate depending on the age when the diagnosis was confirmed. Highly cancerous tumors may eventually cause death. Usually, the survival rate of cancerous tumors depends on the tumor’s location. For example, brain tumors can spread (high grade) and come back despite treatment. Usually, the survival rate of the patient depends on how an individual responds to treatment.
How do you prevent a tumor from growing?
Early detection of a lump or tumor is important to determine what will be the treatment. Visit your health professional immediately to exam what is the lump or tumor type and determine the treatment plan to prevent from the risks and complications.
Prevention tips to reduce the chances of getting a tumor:
- Quit smoking and don’t consume alcohol.
- Eat a healthy diet, like fruits and leafy vegetables.
- Maintain a healthy weight and being physically active.
- Reduce exposure to sun.
- Getting vaccinated from infection causes virus and bacteria development, and has potential to cause cancers in the body.
- Practicing safe sex.
- Staying away from recreational drugs.
- Getting regular medical check-ups.
Top What Exactly Is a Tumor Related Articles
Adrenocortical Carcinoma in ChildrenPediatric adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare type of cancer. It mostly occurs in the outer layer of the adrenal gland during the first five years of life or adolescence. An adrenocortical tumor is a cancer of the adrenal glands with a female gender predominance. Most tumors (9 out of 10) of the adrenal cortex in children are functioning tumors. They may cause signs or symptoms, depending on the type of hormone made by the tumor, whether it is excess androgen hormone or excess estrogen and cortisol.
Adult Soft Tissue SarcomaSoft tissue sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that forms in the soft tissues of the body. Soft tissues include the muscle, tendons, fat, lymph, blood vessels, and nerves. Sarcomas can appear anywhere in the body but are usually encountered in the arms, legs, chest, abdomen, head, and neck. Although the condition primarily affects adults, it can rarely affect children.
CancerCancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
everolimusEverolimus is a medication used in the treatment of certain types of benign tumors and advanced cancers and to prevent rejection after solid organ transplants. Common side effects of everolimus include oral inflammation (stomatitis), constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite (anorexia), taste disorder (dysgeusia), severe hypersensitivity reactions, infections, fatigue, weakness (asthenia), high temperature (pyrexia), headache, cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), lung inflammation (pneumonitis), rash, dry skin, itching (pruritus), and others. Do not consume grapefruit or grapefruit juice while on everolimus treatment.
What Were Your First Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Tumor?The symptoms of a tumor depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain. Some slow-growing tumors may not cause any symptoms at first. Eventually, the tumor may put pressure on the brain that may cause the signs and symptoms like severe headaches, seizures, irritability, dizziness, personality change and more.
How Is a Lumbar Puncture Procedure Done?In a lumbar puncture (LP) procedure, or spinal tap, a hollow needle is inserted near the spinal cord to collect a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which can then help diagnose infections (meningitis), hemorrhage, multiple sclerosis, and tumors.
Is GCT Cancerous?Giant cell tumors (GCTs) are benign (noncancerous) tumors that most commonly occur in the bones of the arms and legs. These tumors are also called osteoblastoma or giant cell reparative granuloma. They can cause problems if they grow or spread to other parts of the body. In some cases, GCTs may recur after treatment, and there is a small risk of GCTs transforming into cancerous tumors.
Is TGCT a Cancer?Any joint can develop tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCTs). TGCTs are not cancerous but can grow and damage surrounding tissues or structures. Symptoms may include decreased movement or pain in the affected joint and a locking or catching sensation when moving the joint. Although it is not a fatal disease, TGCT can cause persistent discomfort and a negative influence on the quality of life.
Pancreatic Cancer Tumor PictureThis is a gross section of a malignant tumor of the pancreas resected from the pancreatic body and tail. See a picture of Pancreatic Cancer Tumor and learn more about the health topic.
Should Lipomas Be Removed?Lipomas are benign tumors of fat cells that can be found anywhere in the body. Learn the signs of lipomas, what causes them, how doctors diagnose them, and what you can do to treat them.
Targeted Therapy: What Are Targeted Antiangiogenic Cancer Therapies?Targeted antiangiogenic therapies inhibit the formation of new blood vessels in cancerous tumors by blocking the factors that promote angiogenesis (the name for blood vessel formation). Targeted cancer therapies are specialized treatments focusing on specific factors that promote cancer growth and spread (metastasis).
What Are the Symptoms of a Tumor in the Abdomen?An abdominal mass related to a stomach tumor is most often found during a routine physical exam. Symptoms of a tumor in the abdomen may include indigestion and stomach discomfort, bloating after eating, nausea, loss of appetite and heartburn.