- What Is It?
- Prescribed Diseases
- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
What is prednisone?
Prednisone belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids, which are a type of steroid. Prednisone reduces inflammation and allergy symptoms. For example, prednisone is commonly used to treat the inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis and allergic asthma.
How does prednisone affect my body?
Prednisone regulates various chemicals produced by your body that are involved in inflammatory swelling and allergies. It, thus, modifies the immune response of your body to various medical conditions. This helps minimize the associated symptoms such as rashes, swelling, and allergic reactions.
How should I use this drug?
- This medicine must be taken orally only as prescribed by your doctor.
- You should take the drug with food and a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
- You must swallow the whole tablet without crushing, chewing, or breaking it.
- Do not stop taking this medicine without consulting your doctor.
What are the side effects of prednisone?
Side effects of prednisone depend on the dose and duration of treatment, but may include:
- Increased appetite
- Weight gain
- Palpitations (a sensation the heart is pounding, beating too fast, or skipping a beat)
- Bone pain
- Easy bruising/bleeding
- Menstrual period changes
- Mental/mood changes such as depression, mood swings, agitation
- Puffy face
- Slow wound healing
- Swelling in hands/ankles/feet
- Thinning skin
- Unusual weight gain
- Vision problems such as blurred vision
- Stomach/abdominal pain
- Black/tarry stools
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Raised blood sugar/worsening of diabetes.
- Serious allergic reaction, including rash, itching/swelling, dizziness, and trouble breathing.
Who should not use prednisone (contraindications)?
People with certain health conditions should generally avoid using prednisone.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you have any medical history of:
- Untreated severe infections such as fungal infections, tuberculosis, herpes, chickenpox
- Known allergy to prednisone or other medicines
- Bone loss (osteoporosis)
- Eye problems
- Heart problems
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Mental/mood disorders
- Stomach/intestinal problems
- Thyroid problems
What will happen if I use prednisone for a long period?
Prednisone can have serious short-term and long-term side effects and must only be taken under a physician’s guidance. Long-term use of prednisone can make it difficult for your body to respond to physical stress. You need to tell your doctor that you are using or have used this medication over the past year before having surgery or emergency treatment.
Apart from making you more prone to infection, prednisone also masks the signs of infection. It may cause vaccines not to work as well.
Prolonged use of prednisone in children may slow growth. If your child is taking this medication, visit the doctor regularly to check their height and growth.
Can I use prednisone if I am pregnant/breastfeeding?
Although prednisone will rarely harm the unborn baby, always consult your doctor regarding medications during pregnancy. Infants born to mothers who have been using this medication for an extended period may have hormone problems.
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Prednisone belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids, which are a type of steroids. Prednisone reduces inflammation and allergy symptoms. For example, prednisone is commonly used to treat the inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis and allergic asthma. Prednisone modifies the immune response of your body to various medical conditions to minimize inflammation, rashes, swelling and allergic reactions.
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COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders, and buttocks. Treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica aims to reduce inflammation with aspirin, ibuprofen, and low doses of cortisone medications.
Asthma Over-the-Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
What Is Asthma? 19 Complex Facts
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are chronic joint disorders. RA is also an autoimmune disease. OA and RA symptoms and signs include joint pain, warmth, and tenderness. Over-the-counter pain relievers treat both diseases. There are several prescription medications that treat RA.
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