Ozempic is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor that helps stimulate the release of insulin from the pancreas when required, lowering blood glucose levels and A1c. It also:
- reduces the sugars released by the liver,
- slows down the process of stomach emptying, and
- helps prevent elevated sugar levels.
What is Ozempic?
Ozempic is a prescribed medicine for people with type II diabetes; it contains an active ingredient called semaglutide. Ozempic is used along with a healthy diet, other antidiabetic medications, and exercise for better results. It can be used alone or in combination with any other diabetes medicines.
Ozempic pills are still under research. As a result, only an Ozempic pen injector is available on the market. It comes as a liquid solution that contains semaglutide as an active ingredient, which belongs to a group of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists.
The FDA approved that in 2017.
How does Ozempic work?
Ozempic contains an active substance called semaglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist that acts similarly to the GLP-1a hormone produced in the intestine by increasing the insulin level produced by the pancreas in response to food intake. This helps regulate blood glucose levels.
Ozempic is either used alone or combined with other diabetes drugs such as:
3 uses of Ozempic
- Type II diabetes: Ozempic treats type II diabetes, regulating blood sugar levels, diet, and exercise. Ozempic is recommended for adults with type II diabetes and conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, kidney damage, or heart failure.
- Lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases: This subcutaneous medication reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Hazards include stroke, heart attacks, and deaths due to cardiovascular diseases.
- Helps in weight loss: This subcutaneous drug reduces the appetite, and many people with type II diabetes who take this drug lose weight. Ozempic is not approved by the FDA for weight management. Some doctors prescribe it off-label for weight management.
What is the recommended dose of Ozempic?
Ozempic solution is available as pen injectors.
- It is injected weekly on the belly, thigh, or upper arm.
- Initially, the dose of usage is 0.25 mg once a week. After four weeks, the dose should be increased to 0.5 mg.
- If required, the dose can be increased to 1 mg weekly.
- The dosage is usually based on the severity of the medical condition.
- Carefully follow the medical treatment and diet plans, and exercise accordingly as instructed by your physician.
- Overdose may lead to severe nausea, vomiting, and hypoglycemia.
What are the side effects of Ozempic?
Side effects of Ozempic may be temporary and last only a few weeks. If these symptoms do not fade away after a few weeks and bother you, immediately consult your doctor.
Here are the common side effects of Ozempic:
Serious side effects of Ozempic
In rare conditions, Ozempic causes severe side effects. Serious side effects that are reported include
Hypoglycemia symptoms include:
Symptoms of pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) include:
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy (eye damage caused by diabetes) include:
Kidney failure symptoms include:
- Need for excess urination
- Swelling in the legs and ankles
- Thyroid neoplasms
If there are any severe symptoms, immediately take them to a physician for further opinion.
What are the safety measures to be taken while using Ozempic?
The following measures should be considered during the usage of Ozempic:
- Do not use Ozempic if you are allergic to semaglutide.
- Avoid using Ozempic if there is any history of medullary thyroid cancer in the family.
- Do not take Ozempic for type I diabetes or diabetic retinopathy
- Avoid using Ozempic if you are allergic to any other medication in the same drug group because it may cause severe allergic reactions.
- Call a doctor if there are any changes in your vision during using Ozempic.
- Avoid Ozempic if you have or had pancreatitis in past.
- Using Ozempic may make the situation even worse in kidney disease, so avoid Ozempic in cases of kidney disease.
- If you have any signs of gallbladder disease, do not use Ozempic, as it may worsen the situation.
- There is no research or proven information on the effect of Ozempic on breastfeeding or pregnant women, so it is better for women who are expecting or planning for pregnancy to avoid Ozempic.
- Do not use different brands of semaglutide at the same time.
- It is not safe to use Ozempic in children and individuals who are younger than 18 years.
- Use medication regularly to get possible benefits. Remember to take medicine every seven days.
- Depending on the severity, Ozempic can be used two times a week by maintaining a gap of two days between the two doses.
- Never share an injection pen with others. It may cause dangerous disease transmission from person to person.
- After Salmonella Cases Double in a Week, Cantaloupe Recall Expanded
- COVID Vaccines Curbed Pandemic-Linked Surge in Preemie Births
- Could a 'Brain Coach' Help Folks at Higher Risk for Alzheimer's?
- Early Promise for Stem Cell Therapy to Curb MS
- Internet Poses No Threat to Mental Health, Major Study Finds
- More Health News »
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top What Does Ozempic Do to Your Body Related Articles
Types of Diabetes Type 2 MedicationsType 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. There are nine classes of drugs approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications include acarbose (Precose), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), and metformin (Glucophage). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, dosage, and breastfeeding and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
Diabetes: Best Diets When You Have DiabetesWhich popular eating plans are safe and effective? The right diet will help you control your blood sugar, get a handle on your weight, and feel better. Learn more from this WebMD quiz.
Body Blood Sugar LevelsHigh blood sugar can be a sign of diabetes or prediabetes. The drugs that treat it sometimes cause low blood sugar too. WebMD helps guide you through the effects of both.
Diabetes Foot ProblemsLearn more about diabetes related foot problems. For people with diabetes, too much glucose in the blood can cause serious foot complications such as nerve damage, infection, and ulcers. Find tips for proper foot care to help prevent serious complications.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Diabetes QuizTake the Diabetes Quiz and learn the causes, signs, symptoms, and types of this growing epidemic. What does diabetes have to do with obesity and diet? Learn about life as a diabetic.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet PlanA type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at HomeManaging your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Insulin Pump for DiabetesAn insulin pump is designed to deliver insulin directly to a patient with diabetes. They are about the size of a standard beeper. The pump is attached to under the skin (usually on the abdomen). The amount of insulin required will depend on lifestyle (exercise, sleep patterns, activity level, and diet).
Diabetes: What Raises and Lowers Your Blood Sugar Level?Want to lower your blood sugar? Learn to better control your glucose levels by preventing blood sugar spikes and swings to avoid neuropathy and other diabetes complications. Find foods that lower blood sugar, and identify foods and activities that raise high blood sugar risks.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes: Differences
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by:
Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.)
- Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!)
- Lack of activity
While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include:
- Increased urination
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Unexplained weight loss.
However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
Type 2 DiabetesType 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Type 2 Diabetes QuizWhat causes type 2 diabetes? Can it be prevented? Take this online quiz and challenge your knowledge of this common condition. Also, get the truth about myths and facts!
Diabetes Urine TestsUrine tests for individuals with diabetes is important to check for diabetes-related kidney disease and severe hypoglycemia. With proper monitoring of blood glucose levels, diabetic-kidney disease can be avoided.
What Tests Are Done for Diabetes?Diabetes can cause serious complications if left untreated, which is why timely diagnosis is important. Learn about tests for type II, type I, and gestational diabetes.
Which is Worse - Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?Learn about the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.