- Vestibular suppressants to treat headache and vertigo
- Antiemetics to treat severe nausea
- Antihistamines to treat dizziness
- Venlafaxine, topiramate, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to prevent and treat migraine symptoms
What is a vestibular migraine?
The vestibular system consists of the organs in the inner ear responsible for balance, helping the body remain stable, walk, and focus the eyes on targets.
A vestibular migraine is a type of migraine that affects the vestibular system and thus balance, causing symptoms such as dizziness or vertigo that can be triggered by movement. Unlike traditional migraines, headache may not always be a symptom of this type of migraine.
What causes vestibular migraines?
While there are many potential causes, vestibular migraine may be due to inflammation that occurs in the vestibular system or a predisposition to be hypersensitive to motion. It can occur in the following cases:
- Vestibular symptoms in someone who already has a history of migraines
- Both migraine and vestibular symptoms start at the same time
Just like traditional migraines, vestibular migraine may stem from sudden vasodilation in the head/neck.face area due to the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (a pain mediator) from the trigeminal nerve or serotonin (a neurotransmitter) fluctuations.
What can trigger vestibular migraines?
Common triggers may include:
What are symptoms of vestibular migraine?
Symptoms of vestibular migraine may include:
- Vertigo (spinning sensation) or feelings of instability and problems with coordination
- Sensitivity to light, sound, or smell
- Nausea or vomiting
- Numbness or tingling
- Vision problems
- Neck pain
- Discomfort turning, bending down or looking up
- Ringing in the ears or tinnitus
- Flashing lights, spots or blurring
Symptoms may vary in severity. Some people may experience an aura, which include warning signs that vestibular symptoms are about to occur.
What can help prevent vestibular migraine?
You can take certain preventative measures to reduce the severity or frequency of vestibular migraine symptoms:
Top What Do Neurologists Do for a Vestibular Migraine Related Articles
aspirinAspirin (Aspirin, Arthritis Foundation Safety Coated Aspirin, Bayer Aspirin, Bayer Children's Aspirin, Ecotrin, and many others) is a NSAID used to treat fever, pain, and inflammation in the body that results from forms of arthritis, and soft tissue injuries. Aspirin is also used for decreasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Side effects, drug interactions, pregnancy information, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
feverfewFeverfew is a medicinal plant traditionally used to prevent migraine headaches, and in the treatment of fevers, rheumatoid arthritis, skin disorders, and other conditions. Common side effects of feverfew include allergic reaction, mouth ulcers, loss of taste, swelling of lips/tongue/mouth, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, indigestion, heartburn, gas (flatulence) and bloating, diarrhea, and menstrual changes. Do not use feverfew if pregnant or breastfeeding, or have ragweed allergies.
How Do You Get Rid of a Migraine Fast?Migraine is a neurological condition that is characterized by recurrent episodes of intense headaches. It may be associated with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and other clinical features.
How Do You Get Rid of Vestibular Migraines? Triggers, Medications, SymptomsGetting rid of vestibular migraines involves managing the active episode (acute treatment) and preventing further episodes (prophylactic treatment).
How Should You Sleep to Avoid Migraines?Migraines can be avoided by practicing good sleep hygiene. Here are 11 tips for improving your sleep habits and preventing headaches.
Is CADASIL a Terminal Illness?Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a genetic disorder that affects the small arteries in the brain, leading to stroke-like episodes, cognitive decline, and other symptoms. It can be life-threatening in some cases, but symptoms, severity, and progression of the disease varies. The exact mortality rate for people with CADASIL is not known, but a person with CADASIL on average lives for 61 years.
l-tryptophanL-tryptophan supplements are used as an adjunct to antidepressant therapy to treat depressive disorders. L-tryptophan supplements are also used for many other conditions including anxiety, insomnia, teeth grinding (bruxism), premenstrual syndrome symptoms, and migraine headaches. Common side effects of l-tryptophan include nausea, dry mouth (xerostomia), loss of appetite (anorexia), vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, rash, hives (urticaria), itching (pruritus), swelling (edema), muscle pain (myalgia), wheezing, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, blurry vision, serotonin syndrome, and sexual disinhibition. Do not take if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Migraine HeadacheMigraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Migraine HeadachesIs it a headache or a migraine? Learn what a migraine is, causes, symptoms, treatments, and at-home remedies.
Top Self-Care Techniques for MigraineA migraine can be more than just a whopping headache. Try these self-care tips for relief before and after it hits.
Migraines and Headaches: Remedies That Can Either Help or Hurt a MigraineWhich home remedies are good or bad for migraine headaches? Some can go either way. Learn more about getting migraine relief at home.
naproxen/sumatriptanNaproxen/sumatriptan is a combination medicine used for the treatment of migraine headaches. Common side effects of naproxen/sumatriptan include dizziness, drowsiness, flushing (warmth, heat, or tingly feeling), redness in the face, feelings of prickling/heat, tiredness, nausea, heartburn, constipation, upset stomach, dry mouth, tight muscles, weakness, and mild pressure or heavy feeling in any part of your body. There is the potential for fetal harm; consult your doctor if pregnant. Consult your doctor if breastfeeding.
butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeineButalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine is a combination medication prescribed to treat headaches. Butalbital is a narcotic that depresses the central nervous system. Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and fever reducer. Caffeine has pain relieving properties and may boost the action of other pain relievers. Side effects of butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine are lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, dry mouth, increase heart rate, and tremors. Tolerance, dependence, and physical dependence may occur after prolonged periods of use of barbiturates (butalbital). Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Non-Drug Migraine HelpLearn about 14 non-drug treatments for migraines. Acupuncture, biofeedback and massage therapy are among this list of non-drug migraine treatments that may help ease pain.
tizanidineTizanidine is a medication used in the management of muscle spasticity, a condition with high muscle tone and stiffness that leads to pain and impaired mobility. Tizanidine is used to treat chronic neck and/or lower back pain, chronic migraine headaches, rebound headaches, regional musculoskeletal pain syndromes, and refractory insomnia in spastic quadriplegic patients. Common side effects of tizanidine include drowsiness (somnolence), dry mouth (xerostomia), weakness or/and fatigue (asthenia), dizziness, slow heart rate (bradycardia), low blood pressure (hypotension), urinary tract infection, infections, constipation, liver injury, and elevated liver enzymes.
Types of Headaches: Migraine, Tension, ClusterTension? Migraine? Cluster? Find out more about the different kinds of headaches.
What Does a Vestibular Migraine Feel Like? Treatment, TriggersVestibular migraine is a type of migraine that causes vertigo, as well as dizziness, unsteadiness, or lack of balance.
What Does the Start of a Migraine Feel Like?Warning signs that a migraine is coming on may include increased urination, constipation, food cravings, mood changes, tiredness, and sensitivity to light or sound.
What Is A Vestibular Neurectomy?Vestibular neurectomy is one of the surgical treatments for Meniere's disease (dizzy spells with hearing loss).
What Is the Best Thing to Do for a Migraine?There is no permanent cure for migraine headaches, but there are migraine treatments that can prevent attacks and relieve symptoms. When you get migraines, you can ease the pain immediately by simple measures such as resting with your eyes closed in a dark, quiet room, putting an ice pack on your forehead, and staying hydrated by drinking plenty of liquids.