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Childhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & More
Is your child at risk for these childhood diseases? Know when to call the doctor for conditions such as measles, mumps, ringworm,...
Common Childhood Skin Disorders
What are the most common skin rashes in children? Learn about childhood eczema, ring worm, chicken pox and more. Get the facts on...
Costochondritis: Treatment for Sternum Pain
Do you have sternum pain or rib pain? What is costochondritis? Learn about costochondritis symptoms such as chest wall pain and...
Chest Pain Quiz
What causes chest pain? If you have chest pain, does it mean you're having a heart attack? Take the quiz to learn what diseases...
Related Disease Conditions
What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when the scoliosis develops (infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). In functional scoliosis, curvature develops due to a problem somewhere else in the body. With neuromuscular scoliosis, there is a problem when the bones of the spine are formed. Treatment typically involves observation, bracing, and surgery and is dependent upon the severity of the curvature.
What Does It Mean When Your Sternum Hurts?
Many different health conditions can cause sternum pain. Learn the signs, causes, diagnoses, and treatments.
How Can You Tell if Your Child Has Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome affects many families every year. How Down syndrome may display in each child can depend on individual factors, including what type of Down syndrome the child has. Learn the signs of Down syndrome, what causes it, and available treatments if you believe your child may have it.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Brittle Bone Disease)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) or brittle bone disease, is an inherited (genetic) disorder that results in abnormal bone formation, which causes the bones to break (fracture) easily. There are eight types of osteogenesis imperfecta. Osteogenesis imperfecta symptoms include skeletal deformity, frequent broken bones, and hearing problems. Tests diagnose osteogenesis imperfecta. Treatment for brittle bone disease is to manage symptoms. There is no cure for osteogenesis imperfecta.
What Is the Purpose of Cartilage?
Cartilage is avascular, which means there are no blood vessels supplying it with nutrients. Instead, cartilage receives nutrients when they diffuse through surrounding connective tissue. As cartilage lacks blood vessels, it tends to heal more slowly when injured.
What Is the Function of Cartilage?
Cartilage is a connective tissue type (one of 6 major types) that is an essential part of many of the structures in the body. Cartilage is stiffer and less flexible than muscle, but not as rigid or hard as bone.
What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With Osteogenesis Imperfecta?
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) or brittle bone disease is a group of rare disorders characterized by extremely weak bones. The life expectancy of a person with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) greatly depends on the type of the disease. In the most severe form of OI called type II or perinatally lethal OI, the baby is born with multiple broken bones. Those born with the less severe form of the disease, such as type I OI, may lead a healthy life. Their life expectancy is not shortened because of the disease.
What Causes Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by abnormal cell division resulting in chromosomal abnormality. Abnormalities include an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. This genetic abnormality leads to developmental and physical changes that are characteristic of Down syndrome.
What Is the Main Cause of Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is an abnormality of the spine in which the spine curves abnormally to the side (laterally). In almost 80% of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This type of scoliosis is known as idiopathic scoliosis and is most common in adolescent girls.
What Is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome is a type of genetic disorder in which a person has an extra chromosome (rod-like structures that contain genes) inside the cells. In the case of a baby with Down syndrome, there is an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, that is, chromosome 21.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Prevention & Wellness
- Humans May Possess Ability to Regrow Cartilage
- Health Tip: Treating Scoliosis
- Cartilage Grown in Lab Might One Day Help Younger Arthritis Sufferers
- Gene Abnormality May Be Key to Down Syndrome, Scientists Say
- Genetic Abnormality May Explain Health Complications of Down Syndrome
- A Better Test for Down Syndrome?
- Stem Cells to Cartilage? Promising Results Seen in Mice
- Kids With Down Syndrome Might Get Help Learning
- New Down Syndrome Theory Emerges
- Scoliosis: An Unnatural Curve