What Causes Mania? Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Medically Reviewed on 12/8/2021
What Causes Mania
Mania can be caused by a combination of factors such as family history, chemical imbalances in the brain, and traumatic events

Mania can be caused by a combination of genetic, chemical, and environmental factors:

What are the symptoms of mania?

Mania is typically seen during a manic episode of bipolar disorder. Symptoms may include:

How is mania diagnosed?

While there are no lab or imaging tests that can diagnose mania, your doctor may evaluate your physical condition and ask questions about your symptoms to rule out other conditions. If your doctor finds that there is no physical illness causing the mania, they may refer you to a psychiatrist.

In order to be diagnosed with mania, the following must be true:

  • Symptoms are not caused by medical conditions or medications
  • Symptoms interfere with daily life
  • Manic episodes must last for at least a week or less than a week if the person was hospitalized

How is mania treated?

Medications

Medications cannot cure mania, but they may help improve symptoms and bring them under control. These medications need to be taken under strict medical supervision:

Electroconvulsive therapy

If your mania is severe, you may require hospitalization, during which your doctor will likely administer electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECT involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain under anesthesia.

Psychotherapy

  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (stabilization of routine activities, such as sleeping, waking, and mealtimes)
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (identifying thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to mania and trying to change them)
  • Psychoeducation (learning about mania)
  • Family-focused therapy (involving your family members or friends in your psychotherapy)

QUESTION

Another term that has been previously used for bipolar disorder is ___________________. See Answer

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Medically Reviewed on 12/8/2021
References
Image Source: iStock Images

Soreff S. Bipolar Disorder. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286342-overview

Medscape. The Phenomenology and Diagnosis of Mania. https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/487928

Stovall J. Bipolar mania and hypomania in adults: Choosing pharmacotherapy. UpToDate. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/bipolar-mania-and-hypomania-in-adults-choosing-pharmacotherapy