What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder does not have a cure but with appropriate medical and psychological intervention, patients can better manage their symptoms and live a more normal life.
What triggers bipolar disorder?
First-degree relatives of people with bipolar disorder are approximately seven times more at risk.
Changes in the gray and white matter in the brain can lead to bipolar disorder.
Stressors such as:
Antidepressant treatment may trigger a patient into a manic episode.
What are the different types of bipolar disorder?
There are three main types of bipolar disorder – bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder.
Bipolar I disorder
Bipolar I diagnosis involves having severe manic episodes that last at least seven days or require hospitalization. Depressive episodes are also seen and last for two weeks. There may be periods of normal moods between these two episodes.
Bipolar II disorder
Bipolar II involves a current or past major depressive episode lasting for at least two weeks. The person must also have had a current or past episode of hypomania. Women have a higher risk than men to develop bipolar II disorder.
Patients may experience ongoing bipolar symptoms that do not meet the full criteria for a bipolar I or bipolar II diagnosis. Cyclothymic disorder is a less severe form of bipolar disorder. It may cause frequent episodes of hypomanic and depressive symptoms, but they are not severe. Symptoms generally persist for around two years.
How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
How is bipolar disorder treated?
Does bipolar disorder require hospitalization?
Patients with severe symptoms may require hospitalization. Some indications for hospitalization are:
- Danger to self
- Danger to others
- Total inability to function
- Total loss of control (e.g., excessive spending, going on dangerous trips)
- Medical conditions that require monitoring (e.g., substance withdrawal/intoxication)
Latest Mental Health News
Daily Health News
What is the prognosis of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder has a high morbidity and mortality rate. There is a significant impact on the quality of life, affecting the ability to work, interact with others, and maintain relationships. It can lead to substance abuse, harm to others, and/or self. Bipolar disorder cannot be cured completely but with appropriate medical treatment and psychological support, the symptoms can be controlled, helping the patients to improve their quality of life.
Factors that may worsen the prognosis:
- Poor job history
- Substance abuse
- Psychotic features
- Depressive features between periods of mania and depression
- Evidence of depression
- Male sex
- Pattern of depression-mania-normal state
- Thoughts of death and suicide
- Suicide attempts
Factors that may improve the prognosis:
- Length of manic phases (short duration)
- Late age of onset
- Fewer thoughts of suicide
- Fewer psychotic symptoms
- Fewer medical problems
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
What are bipolar disorders
Top What Are the Types of Bipolar Disorder Related Articles
Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment may incorporate mood-stabilizer medications, antidepressants, and psychotherapy.
Bipolar Disorder in Children and TeensBipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens include having trouble concentrating, behaving in risky ways, and losing interest in activities they once enjoyed. Treatment for bipolar disorder in children and teenagers incorporates psychotherapy and medications.
Bipolar Disorder QuizWho is at risk for developing bipolar disorder? Are you? Take this Bipolar Disorder Quiz to learn more about bipolar disorder, if you're at risk, and what you can do about it.
Bipolar SlideshowBipolar disorder (once called manic depression) causes extreme mood shifts and can be disorienting. Our experts define bipolar disorder, discuss bipolar symptoms, and describe bipolar medications that can help.
Bipolar Disorder vs. SchizophreniaBipolar disorder and schizophrenia are mental illnesses that share some risk factors and treatments. Symptoms of bipolar disorder include mood changes and manic and depressive episodes. Symptoms of schizophrenia include unusual behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
How Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treat Depression?Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) uses cognitive strategies to help people change patterns in the way they think and behavioral strategies to help people change behaviors that aren't helpful. CBT can help people with mild-to-moderate major depressive disorder.
Is Bipolar 1 or 2 Worse?What is the difference between bipolar 1 and 2? Which is worse? What are the different symptoms?
Symbyax (olanzapine and fluoxetine hydrochloride)Symbyax is a prescription medicine used for short-term treatment of episodes of depression that happen with Bipolar I Disorder in people age 10 or older and treatment of episodes of depression that do not respond to 2 other medicines, also called treatment-resistant depression, in adults. Serious side effects of Symbyax include increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and dementia-related psychosis, and others.
What Exactly Does a Psychotherapist Do?A psychotherapist or therapist is a trained professional who assists people with various mental health conditions such as stress, depression, anxiety, insomnia, addiction, bipolar disorder, negative behavior patterns, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other debilitating feelings. Psychotherapy is also called talk therapy and can help treat challenges and symptoms associated with mental health and emotional conditions by helping a person understand their repressed feelings, hence equipping them to face new challenges both in the present and future.
What Is a Person with Bipolar Disorder Like?Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by changes in mood, energy, and the ability to function. People with bipolar disorder often display extreme, intense and disturbing emotional states known as mood episodes. Extreme happiness or excitement (mania) and melancholy (depression) are typical symptoms of mood episodes. People with bipolar disorder can also have normal moods sometimes.
What Triggers Bipolar Disorder?Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that causes unusual and extreme shifts in mood. Bipolar disorder is also called manic-depressive illness or manic depression. The condition does not have any cure, but with appropriate medical treatment and psychological support, bipolar disorder symptoms can be controlled. There are three main types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder.