What is ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Genpril, Midol) is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. It is generally used for relieving pain and fever. Ibuprofen acts by reducing the production of certain substances called prostaglandins that cause pain and inflammation in the body. Thus, the medication does not treat the underlying condition. It only relieves symptoms, such as pain, cramps and fever.
Ibuprofen can be used in adults and children older than six months of age. The medication is available in pediatric (for infants and children) and adult formulations. It is available both as an over-the-counter and prescription drug. It is available in several forms, including tablets, chewable tablets, suspensions, suppositories and capsules.
What is ibuprofen used for?
Ibuprofen is used in several conditions, such as
- Abdominal pain
- Menstrual cramps
- Sprains and strains
- Muscle aches and soreness
- Fever as seen in cold and flu, COVID-19 and other infections
- Arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout
Before taking ibuprofen
- Inform the pharmacist or doctor of any drug allergies, especially allergies to ibuprofen, other NSAIDs (such as naproxen, ketoprofen) or aspirin.
- Inform the doctor or pharmacist about any medications taken by the patient, such as multivitamins, supplements, herbal products, blood pressure or heart medications (ACE inhibitors, ARBs, beta-blockers and water pills or diuretics), lithium and methotrexate.
- Avoid taking ibuprofen with any other pain reliever unless the doctor asks you to do so.
- Inform the doctor about any underlying health conditions, such as
- Bleeding problems
- Blood clots
- Swelling over the body (edema)
- A history of heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease, including hepatitis
- Stomach or bowel ulcers
- A history of stroke
- A recent heart surgery
- Inform the doctor if the medication has to be given to a child with diarrhea or vomiting.
- Inform the doctor if the patient is pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to get pregnant.
- The patient must inform the doctor if they have a genetic condition called phenylketonuria.
If there is surgery (including dental surgery) planned, the patient must tell the surgeon or dentist if they are taking ibuprofen. Ibuprofen must also be used with caution in individuals who are 75 years of age or older.
What are the side effects of ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen is generally safe when taken within the prescribed doses. Its common side effects may include
- Bloating or gas
- Ringing in the ears
- Fluid retention
- Skin peeling or rashes
Ibuprofen may cause certain serious symptoms, which demand discontinuation of the drug and urgent medical attention. These symptoms include
- An excessive and unexplained weight gain
- Difficulty or pain while urinating
- Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
- Swelling over the face, eyes, arms, hands, abdomen, feet, ankles or lower legs
- Skin rashes, itching, hives or blisters
- Difficulty in talking or hoarseness
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Excessive fatigue
- Pain in the right upper part of the abdomen
- Nausea with or without vomiting
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Racing heartbeat or palpitations
- Cloudy, discolored or bloody urine
- Vision problems, such as blurred vision or changes in color vision
- Redness or pain in the eyes
- Confusion, dizziness or fainting
- Severe headache
- Neck stiffness
- Bleeding from any site in the body or the appearance of bluish-purple patches on the skin
The United States Food and Drug Administration has cautioned against excessive use of any painkiller, including ibuprofen. The excess use of these medications over a long time has been linked to increased incidents of heart attacks and stroke.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top What Are the Side Effects of Ibuprofen Related Articles
Duexis (ibuprofen and famotidine)Duexis (ibuprofen and famotidine) is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Duexis may be used alone or with other medications. Serious side effects of Duexis include potentially fatal heart attack, stroke, or gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events (bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach or intestines).
HeadacheHeadaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Migraine TriggersDo you have frequent headaches? Learn the most common headache triggers for tension headaches, sinus headaches, cluster headaches and migraine. They include red wine, skipping meals, and smoke. Find medical treatments that work, like diet, exercise, massage, and physical therapy.
Headaches QuizIf you're plagued with headaches, our Headaches Quiz may help you identify causes, triggers, symptoms, and treatments for headache pain caused by different types of headaches such as migraines, sinus, cluster, tension, or stress.
hydrocodone and ibuprofen, VicoprofenHydrocodone and ibuprofen is an opioid analgesic prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain, used on a short-term basis. The most frequent side effects experienced with hydrocodone include lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, nausea, dyspepsia (indigestion), vomiting, anxiety, nervousness, and somnolence (drowsiness).
ibuprofenIbuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to reduce mild to moderate pain, inflammation, and fever. Ibuprofen works by blocking an enzyme that makes prostaglandin (a hormone-like substance that participates in a variety of body functions), which results in lower levels of prostaglandins in the body. Lower levels of prostaglandins reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. Ibuprofen is prescribed to treat diseases and conditions that cause mild to moderate pain, fever, and inflammation.
Ibuprofen and Plavix
Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID) used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain and fever. Plavix (clopidogrel) is a blood thinner (anti-platelet) drug used for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks, and peripheral artery disease. Ibuprofen also thins the blood. If ibuprofen and Plavix are taken together it creates an interaction that thins the blood even more, which may cause gastrointestinal bleeding from ulcers in the digestive tract.
Common side effects of ibuprofen and Plavix include headaches, dizziness, rash, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Side effects of ibuprofen that do not occur with Plavix include ringing in the ears, heartburn, drowsiness, nausea, and constipation. Serious side effects of Plavix that do not occur with ibuprofen include pancreatitis, severe bleeding, allergic reactions, and liver failure. Plavix also interacts with many other drugs so check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking over the counter medication or other prescription before taking Plavix.
ibuprofen (NSAID)Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat inflammation, fever, and mild to moderate pain caused by the common cold, headache, toothache, menstrual cramps, muscular pains, and joint pain and inflammation (arthritis). Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal (epigastric) pain, heartburn, abdominal distress, diarrhea, indigestion (dyspepsia), constipation, abdominal cramps, bloating and flatulence, dizziness, headache, nervousness, and others. Consult your doctor before taking ibuprofen if pregnant or breastfeeding.
ibuprofen/pseudoephedrineIbuprofen/pseudoephedrine is a combination medication used for temporary relief from symptoms of common cold and flu, including headache, fever, sinus pressure, nasal congestion, minor aches and pains. Common side effects of ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine include dizziness, confusion, drowsiness, excitability, insomnia, anxiety, headache, weakness, tremor, convulsion, central nervous system (CNS) stimulation, irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia), palpitations, congestive heart failure (CHF), and others. Do not take if pregnant or breastfeeding.
meloxicamMeloxicam is an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) prescribed for the treatment of swelling, tenderness, and pain caused by the inflammation of arthritis conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in persons over two years of age. Side effects of meloxicam include New onset or worsening of high blood pressure (hypertension), fluid retention and swelling (edema), reduced kidney function, serious skin reactions, and others.
Migraine HeadacheMigraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Migraine HeadachesIs it a headache or a migraine? Learn what a migraine is, causes, symptoms, treatments, and at-home remedies.
Migraine or Tension Headache? Symptoms, Triggers, TreatmentsWhat does a migraine headache feel like compared to a tension headache? Learn to spot migraine symptoms early, how to identify your triggers, and get more information on migraine headache medications and treatments. Learn to tell migraine from other types of headaches.
Pain ManagementPain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include:
- complex regional pain syndrome,
- interstitial cystitis,
- and irritable bowel syndrome.
Sinus HeadacheSinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. Symptoms of a sinus headache include pain, runny or stuffy nose, and chronic cough. There are many causes of sinus headaches including sinusitis or sinus infection, allergies, smoke, infections, or colds. Treatment for sinus headache depends on the cause. Some home remedies may relieve sinus headache pain symptoms.