These birth control devices are thin, flexible plastic rods about the size of a matchstick placed under the upper arm's skin. The implant contains a form of the hormone progesterone called etonogestrel. Etonogestrel goes by the brand name Nexplanon.
Side effects during insertion
Other side effects of birth control implant
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
- Depression and other mood changes
- Weight gain
- Abdominal cramps
- Breast pain, back pain, or headaches
- Vaginitis (vaginal dryness or inflammation)
- Noncancerous ovarian cysts
Limitations of birth control implants
- They are very costly when compared to other types of contraceptive methods.
- These birth control implants do not protect from sexually transmitted diseases. Only condoms can protect from sexually transmitted infections.
6 benefits of birth control implants
- Birth control implants are very effective. However, 1 out of 100 women using birth control implants is expected to get pregnant.
- Does not contain estrogen.
- Like other contraceptive methods, such as patches, condoms, and pills, you need not worry about whether they are correctly used or not.
- One of the significant advantages of birth control implants is a fast reversal. If you are willing to get pregnant, you start trying immediately after removing the implant.
- Less pain during periods. Some studies show that the use of birth control implants decreased menstrual cramps.
- Decreased blood flow during the periods.
Why are birth control implants used and how do they work?
This type of contraceptive method is effective for extended periods.
Contraceptive implants do not suit everyone. Your healthcare provider may not allow this method of contraception if they notice any of the following:
- If you are allergic to any components of the birth control implant
- Any history of severe blood clots, heart attacks, or stroke
- A known or suspected case or a history of breast cancer
- History of liver diseases and liver tumors
- Abnormal genital bleeding
Before going for this method of contraception, talk to your doctor about the risk factors.
Always inform the doctor if you have a history of:
- Any allergies to anesthesia or medications
- Gallbladder disease
- Increased blood pressure
- High levels of cholesterols
After the insertion of the birth control implant under the skin, the implant starts releasing small amounts of etonogestrel. This hormone works on the pituitary gland, which signals the ovaries and stops the release of eggs. This hormone makes the mucus under the cervix harder and thick, making it difficult for the sperm to get to the eggs.
How are birth control implants inserted?
The insertion of birth control is generally a quick procedure.
- Implant insertion takes less than a minute, but the preparation takes longer.
- You will lie on your back. The arm about to receive the implant is bent at the elbow and placed near the head. Your doctor will identify a groove between the upper arm's triceps and biceps on the inner sides.
- The doctor will inject local anesthesia, and then, with the help of an applicator, the device is inserted just below the skin.
- Inserting the birth control contraceptive too deep may cause difficulty while removing it.
- After the insertion of the birth control implant, your doctor may gently palpate the site of insertion to confirm if the implant is inserted correctly.
- If required, your healthcare provider may suggest ultrasound or X-rays confirm the insertion of an implant.
- Once the insertion is confirmed, your doctor may place a pressure bandage for 24 hours to avoid bruising. You can remove the application after 24 hours and place a small bandage at the insertion site.
After insertion of an implant, contact your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Severe vaginal bleeding
- Breast lumps
- Any signs of jaundice, such as yellowing of skin or whites of the eye
- Signs and symptoms of blood clots in your legs, such as persistent pain in the calf muscles
- Any signs of infection at the site of insertion, such as swelling, redness, or tenderness
- Any signs of pregnancy
The birth control implants are removed and reinserted every three years for their effectiveness. However, sometimes, early removal could be required if the women have any of the following:
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Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Contraceptive implant. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/contraceptive-implant/about/pac-20393619
What are the side effects of the birth control implant? https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/birth-control/birth-control-implant-nexplanon/nexplanon-side-effects
Birth Control Implants (Contraceptive Implants). https://www.webmd.com/sex/birth-control/birth-control-implants-types-safety-side-effects
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