Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by increased blood sugar (glucose) level. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by either insufficient insulin secretion or resistance to that hormone’s action. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps process the glucose in the blood. Thus, with inadequate insulin, the bodies can’t burn all the blood sugar for energy in an efficient way. This means the glucose level in the blood rises, causing a variety of symptoms and when severe may even lead to death. Read more: What Are the Early Signs of Type 2 Diabetes? Article
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Type 2 Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments
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Slideshow: Diabetes Management in 10 Minutes
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Diabetes Diet: 11 Low-Sugar Drink Ideas
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Related Disease Conditions
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan
A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Which is Worse - Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
Learn about the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes: Differences
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by: Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.) Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!) Lack of activity Exercise Stress Genetics While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include: Increased urination Increased hunger Increased thirst Unexplained weight loss. However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
What Does It Mean When Your Hemoglobin A1C Is High?
The hemoglobin A1C is a test that measures your average blood sugar for the past three months. If your hemoglobin A1C is high it could mean that you are prediabetic or diabetic.
Is a Glucose Level of 101 Bad?
It means that you should control your blood sugar level through your diet. Otherwise, you may develop diabetes. This is a warning sign that you should stop ingesting extra glucose through your diet.
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Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Type 2 Diabetes: Diagnosing Diabetes
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Diabetes Treatment: Medication, Diet, and Insulin
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with: insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with: weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
What Is Paresthesia and What Causes It?
Paresthesia is a tingling or numb sensation that most people have experienced. Learn the signs of paresthesia, what causes paresthesia, how doctors diagnose paresthesia, and what you can do to treat paresthesia.
Types of Diabetes Type 2 Medications
Type 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. There are nine classes of drugs approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications include acarbose (Precose), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), and metformin (Glucophage). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, dosage, and breastfeeding and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
What Are the Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops in a woman during pregnancy. Warning signs of gestational diabetes include increased thirst, tiredness, nausea and vomiting, and other signs.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Can Nitric Oxide Supplements Help Manage Type 2 Diabetes?
Nitric oxide is naturally found in your body and is important for blood vessel health. Nitric oxide supplements help lower blood pressure and improve insulin sensitivity, which are problems associated with diabetes.
What Supplies Do You Need for Type 2 Diabetes?
Supplies like a blood sugar meter, insulin syringe, pen, or pump, and continuous glucose monitor can help you monitor and control your blood sugar levels and manage your Type 2 diabetes.
What Is A Good Daily Menu for a Diabetic?
If you live with diabetes, you are encouraged to follow the guidelines for a healthy diet. Eat a wide range of foods but limit sugar, high glycemic carbs, fats, and salt.
Do Certain Ethnic Groups Have a Higher Risk of Diabetes?
One out of every 10 people in the United States has diabetes. Pacific Islanders, Alaskan natives and American Indians have the highest prevalence rates of diabetes among groups studied in the United States Census.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Mounjaro (tirzepatide)
- How Long Does Insulin Last After Injection?
- Metformin vs. Glucovance
- L-methylfolate/pyridoxal 5-phosphate/methylcobalamin
- insulin regular human
- Synjardy (empagliflozin and metformin)
- Side Effects of Farxiga (dapagliflozin)
- Glyxambi (empagliflozin and linagliptin)
- Synjardy XR (empagliflozin and metformin extended-release)
- Bydureon Bcise (exenatide)
- Side Effects of Symlin (pramlintide)
- Side Effects of Diabinese (chlorpropamide)
Prevention & Wellness
- Type 2 Diabetes Speeds Aging in the Brain
- Could Herpes Viruses Help Drive Type 2 Diabetes?
- Cutting Sugar in Packaged Foods Would Keep Millions of Americans From Illness: Report
- Type 2 Diabetes in Teens Can Bring Dangerous Complications in 20s
- What's the Most Common Risk for New Diabetes Cases?
- Diabetes Boosts Odds for Heart Trouble 10-fold in Younger Women
- Heartburn Meds Tied to Higher Diabetes Risk
- Signs of Developing Adult Diabetes Seen as Early as Age 8: Study