How can you tell if you have diabetes?

Diabetes Signs
Typical symptoms of type 1 diabetes Unplanned weight loss, Nausea, and vomiting.

The early signs of diabetes depend on if one has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children, whereas type 2 diabetes is prevalent in adults. Usually, in type 2 diabetes, the signs may be unnoticeable unless some complications occur. With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms are severe and appear quickly. Routine blood sugar level check-up is an ideal way to detect diabetes at an early stage.

What are the early signs and symptoms seen in both types of diabetes?

Some of the early signs of diabetes, common in both types and men and women are:

  1. Polydipsia (increased thirst)
  2. Polyphagia (increased hunger)
  3. Polyuria (increased urination)
  4. Fatigue
  5. Dry mouth
  6. Itchy skin
  7. Blurred vision
  8. Irritability
  9. Skin infections
  10. Darkening of skin in the armpits and other folds 

If undiagnosed, these symptoms can worsen and lead to diabetic complications. 

What are the symptoms seen in the later stages of both types of diabetes?

There are some typical symptoms, which can be seen in the latter stages of both types of diabetes.

Typical symptoms of type 1 diabetes:

Symptoms which appear in the later stage of type 2 diabetes (when blood glucose level remains high for a long time) include:

  • Yeast infections between fingers and toes, under breasts, and around reproductive organs.
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Pain or numbness in feet and legs

In diabetes, blood sugar level may drop abnormally due to antidiabetic medications, or mismatch of food or exercise, which is known as hypoglycemia. The symptoms of hypoglycemia include:

What are the symptoms of diabetes seen in men and women?

Some of the unique symptoms of diabetes seen in men are:

Some of the symptoms of diabetes unique to women are:

QUESTION

Diabetes is defined best as... See Answer

What are the symptoms and complications of diabetes seen in pregnancy (gestational diabetes)?

Diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) can be a risk to the mother as well as the fetus, if uncontrolled. Hence, it is necessary to control and monitor the blood sugar level during pregnancy.

The common symptoms seen in gestational diabetes are:

The complications of gestational diabetes are:

Can diabetes be cured?

Diabetes cannot be completely cured as it is a chronic disease; however, it can be well-controlled by managing the symptoms. Hence, prevention is one of the ideal options in the management of the disease.

  • Lead a healthy lifestyle by reducing weight
  • Ensure a balanced diet with proper nutrition
  • Avoid junk foods or extremely fatty foods
  • Exercise daily for 30-40 minutes
  • Limit the intake of alcohol and refrain from tobacco
  • Increasing the intake of some essential minerals such as magnesium has shown to decrease the risk of diabetes
  • Monitor the blood sugar level from time to time
  • Be careful about your annual eye check-ups

When to consult a doctor?

Patients older than 45 years should undergo regular monitoring and testing to avoid nerve damage, heart trouble and other complications. If you observe any of the following signs, immediately contact the physician:

  • Have a severe abdominal pain
  • Extreme thirst and weakness
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Troubled breathing
  • Breath smells like nail polish remover (a sign of very high ketones)

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Medically Reviewed on 7/24/2020
References
References:

https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/understanding-diabetes-symptoms

https://www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_symptoms_in_men/index.htm

https://www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_symptoms_in_women/article.htm
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