10 personality traits

personality traits
Here are the 10 most common personality traits, which include neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness, and Machiavellianism.

Everyone has an idea of their personality type, whether they are reserved or sensitive. Psychologists attempt to unravel the science of personality as individual differences in the way people think, feel, and behave.

The 10 most common personality traits include:

  1. Openness: The tendency to embrace new arts, ideas, values, emotions, and behaviors.
  2. Conscientiousness: The proclivity to be cautious, on time for appointments, to follow rules, and to work hard.
  3. Extroversion: The proclivity to be talkative, sociable, and enjoy the company of others, especially being gratified with social gatherings and attention.
  4. Agreeableness: The inclination to agree with and follow others rather than expressing one's thoughts and decisions.
  5. Neuroticism: The tendency to regularly experience negative emotions, such as anger, concern, and grief, as well as being interpersonally sensitive.
  6. Machiavellianism: Individuals with this trait manipulate the behavior of others, often through deception, and are frequently interested in money and power, using others to accomplish these concepts.
  7. Need for achievement (motivated): Those who have a strong desire for success want to accomplish a lot and set high standards of excellence. They work hard and persistently toward long-term goals. According to studies, economic growth is influenced in part by individuals who have a strong desire to succeed.
  8. Need for cognition: People who have a high need for cognition find it rewarding to understand things and are willing to expend significant cognitive effort in this pursuit. Such people enjoy learning and the process of attempting to comprehend new concepts.
  9. Authoritarianism: Authoritarians believe in strict social hierarchies in which they are completely obedient to those above them and demand total obedience from their subordinates. The authoritarian personality is very uncomfortable with uncertainty because it is rigid in its adherence to rules.
  10. Narcissism: Self-love is so strong in the narcissistic personality that it leads to excessive vanity, conceit, and selfishness. The narcissistic person frequently experiences feelings like loss of empathy and gratitude toward others.

Besides these 10 personality traits, psychologists may include the following three:

  • Self-esteem: The proclivity to overestimate oneself. Self-esteem does not imply that one believes that one is better than others. Rather, one believes they are a valuable person. 
  • Optimism: The proclivity to anticipate positive outcomes in the future. Optimistic people expect good things to happen. They often get positive outcomes possibly because they work harder to achieve them.
  • Alexithymia: The inability to recognize and label one's own emotions. The individual has difficulty recognizing emotions in others and frequently has relationship problems.

What are personality traits?

Personality traits are characteristics that distinguish one person from others.

A person's personality traits reflect distinguishing characteristics, such as:

  • Emotions
  • Feeling
  • Behavior
  • Actions
  • The attitude of a person

Personality traits are an important aspect of psychology research.

What are the common examples of positive and negative personality traits?

A positive personality trait refers to something beneficial about a person.

12 common examples of positive personality traits

  1. Adventurous: Someone who is outgoing and not afraid to try new things.
  2. Adorable: Someone who is sweet.
  3. Friendly: Someone who is easy to get along with and nice.
  4. Helpful: Someone who likes to assist others.
  5. Humble: Someone who does not have a big ego.
  6. Honest: Someone who is truthful.
  7. Charming: Someone who is pleasant and positively draws attention.
  8. Capable: Someone who can achieve things.
  9. Clever: Someone who is smart.
  10. Imaginative: Someone who has a good imagination, you might also call the creative.
  11. Confident: Someone who has confidence.
  12. Independent: Someone who can manage well on their own.

Humans also always have negative aspects to their personalities, such as the following.

10 common examples of negative personality trait

  1. Catty: Someone who makes nasty remarks about others.
  2. Clumsy: Someone who is prone to accidents.
  3. Childish: Someone who behaves in an immature manner.
  4. Cocky: Someone who has an overinflated ego.
  5. Controlling: Someone who likes to take control of a situation.
  6. Impatient: Someone who does not display patience.
  7. Insecure: Someone who does not have self-security or confidence.
  8. Jealous: Someone who is envious of other people or things.
  9. Rebellious: Someone who goes against the rules.
  10. Selfish: Someone who puts themselves before others.

There are no two people alike. Because of their characteristics, two people will react and approach the same situation differently.

  • Some people are gregarious, while others are reclusive.
  • Some people are energetic and active, whereas others are sedentary.

People’s perceptions of fairness and sharing could be influenced by personality traits. There are numerous approaches to determine what is “fair” in each situation. Which one you prefer could be determined by your personality type and trait.

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Medically Reviewed on 12/2/2021
References
Image Source: iStock Images

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Chapman B, Duberstein P, Lyness JM. Personality traits, education, and health-related quality of life among older adult primary care patients. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007 Nov;62(6):P343-52. https://academic.oup.com/psychsocgerontology/article/62/6/P343/560640

Hall JA. The Science of Who We Are and How We Relate. Society for Personality and Social Psychology. https://www.spsp.org/news-center/blog/hall-personality-traits

Love English. Personality traits. https://loveenglish.org/personality-traits/