- What Is Dysgraphia?
- Is Dysgraphia a Form of Dyslexia?
- Does Dysgraphia Go Away?
- How Parents Can Help
What is dysgraphia?
Dysgraphia is a learning disorder. The problem is present from birth, but parents often notice learning and writing issues in the child when they start attending school.
In adults, what causes dysgraphia remains unknown but is most often seen after a head injury. The disorder causes them to lose previously acquired skills such as writing.
Children or adults with this disorder face difficulty storing and automatically retrieving letters and numerals. They are not able to plan and organize things.
Some of the symptoms of dysgraphia include
- Writing wrong or misspelling words persistently
- Using words that are not correct (using “boy” for “child”)
- Unclear, irregular or inconsistent handwriting
- Problems with grammar and composition
- Not writing within the margins
- Frequent erasing
- Slow in writing or copying things
- Inconsistency in letter and word spacing (sometimes letters or words are written far away from each other or sometimes quite near to each other)
- Tightly gripping the pen or pencil, which may lead to a sore hand or cramps in the hand
- Unusual and improper position of wrist, body or paper while writing
Dysgraphia is also referred to as “an impairment in written expression” in health insurance companies and most clinics. It can be seen existing with other conditions such as Tourette syndrome, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or an autism spectrum disorder.
What effect can dysgraphia have on the child?
Children with dysgraphia struggle so much with writing that they often miss important parts of the lecture while taking down notes. Because of their bad handwriting, they may appear lazy or sloppy. Frequent low grades in exams and constant warnings from the school authorities and parents to improve may shatter their confidence. As a result, such children may start losing interest in studies and schooling.
Is dysgraphia a form of dyslexia?
Dysgraphia is not a form of dyslexia. Both are different conditions. Dysgraphia involves difficulty writing, whereas in dyslexia, the child has difficulty reading. However, both disorders share a common element—misspellings in writing. Therefore, diagnosis may be difficult initially. Additionally, a person can have both dysgraphia and dyslexia.
Does dysgraphia go away?
Dysgraphia is a lifelong condition and no permanent cure is currently available. However, some therapies can help the affected children or adults write better.
Treatment differs from person to person. It depends on other health conditions or learning disabilities the person has. For example, if a child with dysgraphia also has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the doctor prescribes medications indicated for ADHD. Fortunately, this type of treatment has helped people who have dysgraphia along with ADHD.
Occupational therapy (OT) helps individuals with dysgraphia refine their motor skills and, thus, improve their writing. Some can get positive results from the therapy, whereas some remain the same.
How can parents help their child with dysgraphia?
Although occupational therapists and doctors treat dysgraphia, here are some things that parents can do at home to help their child with this disorder.
- Make writing a comfortable experience for them. Give them graph paper and pens/pencils with gripping aids.
- Teach them computer skills early. Instead of writing, allow them to use computers for typing.
- Do not criticize them for their bad handwriting. Motivate them to do better.
- Give them a squeeze ball and ask them to squeeze it tightly with their hands. This helps improve their fine motor skills.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Tourette Association of America
TP Translational Pediatrics
Top What Are Some Symptoms of Dysgraphia Related Articles
13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHDParenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific strategies to help their teen cope with school and homework. Special care should be taken to help an ADHD teen drive safely and avoid alcohol and drug use.
14 Signs of ADHD: Does Your Child Have ADHD?Usually, children have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not just grow out of these behaviors. The symptoms continue, can be severe, and can cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends.
ADHD Symptoms in KidsWhat is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)? Learn to recognize ADHD symptoms in children.
Childhood ADD or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children)Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes the following symptoms in children: excessive activity, problems concentrating, and difficulty controlling impulses. There are three types of ADHD: the predominantly inattentive type, the predominantly hyperactive/impulsive type, and the combined (inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive) type. Stimulant medications are the most common medication used to treat ADHD.
Types of ADHD Medications
Attention deficity hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 8%-10% of school-age children. ADHD medications are designed to increase the ability of the sufferer to pay attention and manage their impulses. ADHD drugs are available in liquid, pill, and patch form.
ADHD & ParentingAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder seen in children. Parents can learn tips and techniques to teach ADHD children life skills, coping mechanisms, and better ways to learn with ADHD.
Childhood ADHD QuizFind out causes, symptoms, and treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a widespread behavioral condition commonly seen in children. Take the Childhood ADHD Quiz.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in TeensAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to ADHD. Symptoms of ADHD in teens include inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, or a combination of these. Treatment may include cognitive behavioral therapy, behavior therapy, medication, or alternative therapies.
Can ADHD Be Cured?ADHD cannot be cured. Early diagnosis and management with a good treatment plan can help a person manage their symptoms.
Learning DisabilitiesLearning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing, reading, speaking, reasoning, and performing mathematics. There is no cure for learning disabilities. Parents and teachers working together to properly diagnose learning disabilities can properly plan a course of education. For some, medication may be appropriate as complimentary treatment.
Parenting a Child With ADHDADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child with ADHD presents a variety of challenges. Treatment options for children with ADHD include medication and behavioral therapy.
Stimulants (ADHD)Stimulants are compounds (caffeine, nicotine, cocaine) or medications that stimulate the CNS or central nervous system. Stimulants increase blood pressure, mental alertness, energy, and heart rate. Approved medical uses for stimulants include ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and transient resistant depression obesity. Stimulants can be highly addictive so they are no longer recommended for treating nervous system disorders and asthma. Drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
What Are the Ten Symptoms of ADHD?Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a medical condition that affects a person’s behavior.