What Are Examples of Medical Diagnosis? 5 Common Diagnoses

Medically Reviewed on 1/27/2022
What Are Examples of Medical Diagnosis
Medical diagnosis is the process of identifying a disease, condition, or injury based on the symptoms presented. Here are 5 of the most common diagnoses

Medical diagnosis is the process of identifying a disease, condition, or injury based on the signs and symptoms presented. Types of medical diagnosis are:

  • Provisional: Based on physical exam and clinical findings
  • Histopathological: Done by a pathologist after examining sample tissue under a microscope
  • Final: Done based on provisional diagnosis and investigations

Accurate diagnoses require data from the following sources:

  • Medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Tests such as blood tests, imaging tests, and biopsies

5 of the most common medical diagnoses

1. Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia that can severely impair day-to-day function. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s include:

Tests used to make a medical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease include:

  • Imaging tests such as CT scans and MRI scans
  • Cognitive status tests
  • Neurological examination

2. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood to the body efficiently. Symptoms of arrhythmia include:

Tests used to make a medical diagnosis of arrhythmias include:

3. Arthritis

Arthritis is inflammation of muscles and joints. Symptoms of arthritis include:

There are five types of arthritis:

  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis
  3. Spondyloarthritis
  4. Fibromyalgia
  5. Paget’s disease of bone

Tests used to make a medical diagnosis of arthritis include:

4. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Chronic kidney disease is a condition in which the kidneys do not filter out waste from the blood, leading to the accumulation of waste in the body. Symptoms of CKD include:

Tests used to make a medical diagnosis of CKD include:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Kidney biopsy

5. Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot utilize insulin efficiently and thus fails to regulate blood sugar levels. Symptoms of diabetes include:

Tests used to make a medical diagnosis of diabetes include:

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Medically Reviewed on 1/27/2022
References
Image Source: iStock Images

Mayo Clinic. Diabetes. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371451

Mayo Clinic. Chronic kidney disease. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-kidney-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354527

Mayo Clinic. Heart arrhythmia. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-arrhythmia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350674