Cognitive deficit refers to the impairment of many categories of cognition. Cognitive deficiency is not restricted to any one disease or condition but may be one of the symptoms of another's underlying condition. It might be a temporary condition or a permanent problem.
Examples of cognitive deficit include:
- Difficulty remembering stuff
- Changes in behavior
- Difficulties with typical everyday duties
- Trouble learning and retaining new things
- Difficulty coming up with appropriate words
- Trouble understanding written or spoken information
- Difficulty distinguishing between people and locations
- Problems with vision
- Difficulty speaking
- Mood swings
What is a cognitive deficit?
Cognitive deficit is often known as intellectual disability or cognitive disability. It may be present from birth or may result from environmental causes such as brain damage, mental illness, or neurological abnormalities. This causes significant restrictions to the ability to learn and operate.
Cognition is the mental action or process of learning information and understanding through thinking, experience, and senses. It includes various other high intellectual functions, such as:
- Visuospatial function
What causes cognitive deficits?
Prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors are the most common causes of cognitive impairments.
Deficits are caused before birth due to the following:
- Genetic problems in the fetus
- Exposure to toxic chemicals or drugs
- Maternal alcohol or smoking addiction
- Infection in the mother in the prenatal period
Deficits occur during the time of delivery due to the following:
- Maternal malnutrition
- Preterm birth
- Reduced oxygen delivery to the brain due to prolonged labor
- Maternal trauma
Deficits are caused after birth due to the following:
How to diagnose cognitive deficits
A psychologist can identify a cognitive deficit by conducting tests that examine the child's cognitive development.
- Intelligence quotient (IQ) test:
- IQ tests evaluate the following:
- Language development
- Spatial aptitude
- Visual-motor abilities
- Mathematical reasoning
- A test of intelligence does not generate a consistent result until a kid is six to eight years.
- Cognitive tests can be given before this age, but the results should be regarded with care because the scores shift with maturity.
- IQ tests evaluate the following:
- Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development:
- This test may be used to examine infant development.
- Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scale:
- This is a revised test of Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence and is used to measure cognitive abilities in preschoolers.
- Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children:
- This is the most regularly used intelligence test to measure cognitive development in school-aged children.
- Along with cognitive testing, Vineland's Adaptive Behavior Scales assessment is conducted to measure a child’s level of independence and provides a percentile score that compares the child to other children of the same age.
- Medical tests:
- They include evaluation of the following:
- Thyroid function
- Chromosomal analysis
- They include evaluation of the following:
- Radiological tests:
- The child may undergo magnetic resonance imaging to check for changes in the brain that may help explain a cognitive deficit.
How are cognitive deficits treated?
Treatment of cognitive deficits is dependent on the cause of the impairment. If it is the result of an illness or disease, it will most likely heal with treatment.
Curable causes of cognitive decline include:
- Metabolic syndromes
- Thyroid issues
- Effects of medication
For cognitive impairments, thorough examination and management are necessary, with therapies focusing primarily on improving quality of life and limiting residual abnormalities.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Cognitive Deficits: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559052/
Mild Cognitive Impairment: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17990-mild-cognitive-impairment
Top What Are Examples of Cognitive Deficits Related Articles
Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)About 2%-6% of adults have ADHD, a common behavioral problem. Symptoms include impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Treatment may involve ADHD education, attending a support group, skills training, and medication.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in TeensAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to ADHD. Symptoms of ADHD in teens include inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, or a combination of these. Treatment may include cognitive behavioral therapy, behavior therapy, medication, or alternative therapies.
Baby's First Year: Milestones Month by MonthWhen do babies learn to crawl? Start teething? Learn about major milestones in your baby's first months. Get tips on how to help baby learn, grow, and develop into a healthy toddler.
How Can I Boost My Mood and Mental Health Naturally?Mental health affects how you think, feel, and interact with the outside world. Boost your mood and mental health naturally by getting enough sleep, moving, eating well, stepping outside, and doing something you enjoy.
What Is the Difference Between Mental Wellness and Mental Health?Mental health and mental wellbeing are two separate things. Learn more about them, their differences, and how to cultivate good mental health.
How Does Emotion Affect Cognition?Your emotions play a definite role in your cognition. Emotion affects cognition because the regions of the brain are interlinked and influence our behavior and actions.
How Grief Can Affect Your HealthGrief is a natural part of life, but it can cause some health issues, at least for a while. Find out how grief can affect your body and what you can do about it.
Is Journaling Good for Mental Health?Journaling is the process of writing down your thoughts, ideas, and feelings. While writing your way out of depression might not be possible, journaling may help lower symptoms of depression.
Learning DisabilitiesLearning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing, reading, speaking, reasoning, and performing mathematics. There is no cure for learning disabilities. Parents and teachers working together to properly diagnose learning disabilities can properly plan a course of education. For some, medication may be appropriate as complimentary treatment.
Mental HealthMental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under the umbrella of mental illness. Depression, anxiety, and substance-abuse disorders are common types of mental illness. Symptoms and signs of mental illness include irritability, moodiness, insomnia, headaches, and sadness. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
Mental Health: Marijuana Addiction and AbuseCannabis use disorder is when you're addicted to marijuana. Learn more about this condition and how to treat it.
Mental Health: Signs You're Mentally ExhaustedAre you irritable, tired, and finding it hard to focus? You may be mentally exhausted. Learn the signs and how to feel better.
What Age Should a Child Learn to Read, Write and Do Math?Learning to read, write and do math is always a milestone in kids that parents treasure. Children will learn to read between the ages of four and six and write and do math between six and 10 years old.
What Are the Three Types of Learning Disabilities?Treating dysgraphia may take weeks or even months, but patience is essential. Dysgraphia generally occurs among children aged below 15 years, but this specific learning disability may also be present in adults as well.