What Are Common Reproductive Health Issues?

what are common reproductive health issues
Reproductive health issues affect millions of Americans each year. Learn about common reproductive health issues for both men and women

Reproductive health issues can affect both men and women. Reproductive systems are made of internal and external sex organs and hormone-producing glands, including the pituitary gland in the brain.

What are common reproductive health issues in women?

Common reproductive health issues in women include:

What are common reproductive health issues in men?

Common reproductive health issues in men include:

  • Erectile dysfunction (inability to achieve and maintain an erection firm enough for sex)
  • Low sperm count
  • Abnormal sperm morphology (structure) or motility (movement)
  • Sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Cancers:
    • Testicular
    • Penile
  • Problems relating to puberty
    • Early (precocious puberty)
    • Delayed puberty
  • Hormonal imbalances affecting the levels of circulating sex hormones (androgens, estrogen, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin)
  • Sexual violence
  • Genetic disorders affecting the reproductive system, such as genitourinary malformations
  • Injuries

Why is reproductive health important?

Millions of Americans are affected by diseases or disorders that affect their reproductive system. Fortunately, most reproductive health issues can be prevented and treated effectively.

Taking care of your reproductive health is essential for a satisfying and safe sex life. It also enables people to make decisions about when and how they wish to reproduce or have a baby. 

Addressing reproductive health issues helps ensure that everyone has access to prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, birth-control methods (safe, effective, and affordable methods of contraception), management of fertility issues, and accurate and authentic information relating to reproductive health.


Men and women are equally likely to have fertility problems. See Answer
Johns Hopkins Medicine. Fertility and Reproductive Health. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/fertility-and-reproductive-health

Fathalla M. Issues in Reproductive Health. https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/issues.htm

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Reproductive Health. https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/conditions/repro-health/index.cfm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reproductive Health. https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/index.html