Oral health is important for your overall health and quality of life. Poor dental hygiene can lead to problems like cavities, and is also linked to diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
1. Tooth decay
- One of the most common oral diseases is tooth decay (cavities), which affects people of all ages and is entirely preventable.
- Cavities form when bacteria in the mouth collects on the teeth and gum line, eventually causing enamel wear and tear.
2. Gum disease
- Gum disease develops due to a buildup of bacteria on the teeth and beneath the gum line, which can cause inflammation and infection.
- When a person has a chronic health condition such as heart disease, diabetes, or arthritis, their risk of gum disease increases.
- In most cases, a deep cleaning is needed and you may be prescribed medications such as antibiotics to help fight the infection.
3. Mouth injury
- Mouth trauma results from injury to the teeth or mouth, with many cases linked to sports injuries.
- Preventive measures such as wearing a mouth guard and helmet can reduce the likelihood of sustaining a mouth injury when playing sports.
- Some injuries require multiple surgeries, which can be costly and sometimes lead to complications.
4. Oral cancer
- This type of cancer is typically found in people who have poor oral habits, such as smoking tobacco products.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that the 5-year survival rate is approximately 61%, but early detection and intervention can lead to more promising numbers.
5. Birth defects
- Cleft lip and cleft palate are openings or splits in the upper lip, palate (roof of the mouth), or both, which occur when facial structures that are developing in an unborn baby don't close completely.
- While genetic predisposition may contribute to these conditions, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and obesity during pregnancy may play a role.
Other oral problems
Apart from above, below are other common oral health conditions:
- Chronic mouth and facial pain
- Oral sores
- Xerostomia (dry mouth)
- Wisdom teeth pain
- Tooth sensitivity
How common is oral cancer?
Oral cancer is the least common of oral health diseases, but it is one of the most dangerous. According to the American Cancer Society, 54,010 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer in 2021. The tongue, tonsils, gums, and oropharynx are the most commonly affected areas (section of the throat at the back of your mouth). Signs and symptoms include:
- White or red patches on the gums, tonsils or other areas inside the mouth
- Lip or mouth sore that doesn’t heal for a long while
- Lump inside the mouth
- Mouth pain
- Problems with swallowing
- Continuous bad breath
- Weight loss
Oral cancer can be cured. The key to battling the disease is avoiding high-risk behaviors such as smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes and excessive alcohol consumption.
A dentist can detect early signs of oral cancer before it becomes difficult to treat. Depending on the type of oral cancer and stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis, treatment may include a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
What are tips for good oral hygiene?
According to the American Dental Association, many systemic diseases can affect the mouth, and common life-threatening diseases have been linked to poor oral health.
Brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis is essential for good oral health:
- Brush your teeth thoroughly with a soft-bristled toothbrush twice a day.
- Eat fruits that are high in vitamin C.
- Maintain a nutritious diet and avoid snacking in between meals.
- Replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months or more frequently if the bristles are frayed.
- After each meal, rinse your mouth.
- Schedule dental check-ups every 6 months.
- Floss at least once a day to remove plaque and food particles that get stuck between the teeth.
- Avoid tobacco and alcohol.
- Use a tongue cleaner to remove plaque from your tongue and freshen your breath.
- To prevent tooth decay, avoid foods and drinks with high sugar content.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Oral Health: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health
Mouth problems: https://www.dentalhealth.org/pages/category/conditions-and-diseases?take=16
Top What Are 5 Oral Health Diseases Related Articles
artificial salivaArtificial saliva is used as a saliva substitute to relieve the symptoms of dry mouth (xerostomia) when natural saliva production is deficient or absent due to certain conditions. Artificial saliva is also used to alleviate oral inflammation (mucositis) from chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments for cancer. Common side effects of artificial saliva include taste perversion (dysgeusia), swallowing difficulties (dysphagia), minor gastrointestinal problems, and speech disturbance. Artificial saliva has no listed drug interactions. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Canker SoresCanker sores are a common complaint, and are small ulcers on the inside of the mouth. Canker sores aren't contagious (as opposed to cold sores), and typically last for 10-14 days usually healing without scarring. A variety of things cause canker sores, for example, medications (aspirin, beta-blockers, NSAIDs, high blood pressure medication, and antibiotics); injury to the mouth from dental work, braces, or sports accidents; acidic foods; allergies; and diseases or conditions like celiac disease, Crohn's disease, and lupus. Canker sores can be cure with home remedies, and prescription and OTC topical and oral medication.
carbamide peroxide oralCarbamide peroxide is an oral rinse that is used for temporary cleansing of canker sores or gum inflammation due to minor dental procedures, dentures or other oral irritations. Common side effects of carbamide peroxide oral include local irritation, redness, tooth sensitivity, and gum irritation. Superinfection with prolonged use. Consult your doctor if pregnant.
Dental Problems: Tooth Decay, TMJ, Mouth Pain Causes & TreatmentsDo you have a toothache? What is oral cancer? Symptoms like mouth pain and sensitive teeth can indicate dental problems. Learn the causes of painful problems in your mouth like tooth decay, TMJ, and dry mouth. See how bad breath starts, and how to fight bad breath with dental treatments that work.
What Are Common Causes of Dental Injuries?Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked-out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental injury. Dental injuries may be prevented by aligning protruding front teeth with braces and using face masks and mouthguards while playing sports.
Dental Health QuizTake the Dental Health Quiz to test your IQ of oral hygiene, cavities, and common tongue and gum diseases. This quiz covers healthy mouths and teeth from brushing to flossing and everything in between check-ups!
Dental X-Rays: When to Get ThemDental X-rays are used to identify tooth decay, bone loss from gum disease, reveal abscesses, and help with the preparation of dental implants, braces, and dentures. The frequency of getting dental X-rays depends on the patient's dental and medical history. Dental X-rays only expose the patient to small amounts of radiation.
fluorideFluoride, or sodium fluoride, is an inorganic chemical compound used to prevent dental caries and maintain dental health. Common side effects of fluoride include skin rash, hypersensitivity reaction, nausea, vomiting, and temporary dental discoloration (with products containing stannous fluoride). Take fluoride supplementation exactly as prescribed. Do not take fluoride supplements if there is adequate intake from fluorinated drinking water.
Gingivitis Gum Disease Quiz: Test Your Dental IQWhat is gingivitis and how will you know if you have it? If you have gum disease, what can you do about it? Take this quiz to learn more about the health and wellness of your mouth!
Gum Disease (Gingivitis)Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Read about symptoms, stages, treatment, and home remedies.
Is a Tongue Scraper Bad for You?A tongue scraper is a tool that is usually made from copper, stainless steel, or plastic and it helps to keep the tongue clean. Tongue scraping is safe and it may be beneficial.
Your Breath and HealthBad breath causes include snoring, gum disease, acid reflux, respiratory infections, tonsil stones, diabetes, liver failure, kidney failure, H. pylori, dehydration, infections, and use of certain medications. Bad breath cures or remedies depend on the underlying cause. Some people use bad breath toothpaste or mouthwash to combat the problem.
Painful Teeth ConditionsGot aching teeth? Your pain may be coming from somewhere other than your choppers.
Oral Health Problems in ChildrenIn addition to dental caries, common oral health problems in children include thumb sucking, tooth sensitivity, and gum disease. Check out the center below for more medical references on oral health, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
Protect Your Teeth: 19 Bad Dental Habits to AvoidBad dental habits can wreck your teeth. Teeth grinding, chewing on ice, playing sports without a mouth guard, and eating and drinking sugary foods and drinks are just a few bad habits that are bad for teeth. Giving nighttime baby bottles, opening things with your teeth, and chewing on pencils can also damage teeth and tissues in the mouth. Drinking red wine and white wine can erode enamel and stain teeth. Smoking, tobacco use, drinking coffee can all lead to tooth stains. Binge eating disorder leads to the consumption of large amounts of sugary food, which can lead to tooth decay. Purging exposes teeth to acids that can wear down enamel.
ToothacheA toothache is pain on or around a tooth. It may have a variety of causes, including a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, earache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Toothache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache.
Teeth, Gums and HealthIs your mouth healthy? Teeth and gums can warn you about diseases like diabetes, anemia, and osteoporosis. Find out why gum disease is often found in people with rheumatoid arthritis, and why tooth loss and kidney disease may be linked.