Vitamin D Deficiency: Symptoms & Signs

Vitamin D deficiency refers to having excessively low levels of vitamin D in the body. Severe vitamin D deficiency characteristically caused the disease known as rickets, in which bone does not mineralize properly, leading to misshapen bones.

Signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency as well as its effects may vary. A mild deficiency may not produce any signs or symptoms. The symptoms are subtle in most people and can include

Deficiency of vitamin D has also been linked to certain health risks including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cognitive impairment in older people.

Causes of vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can be caused by inadequate exposure to sunlight or inadequate consumption of foods containing the vitamin. Certain kidney diseases and gastrointestinal diseases can also result in vitamin D deficiency.

Other vitamin d deficiency symptoms and signs

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Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

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Medically Reviewed on 9/24/2020
References
Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.
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