- What is vitamin D-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the uses for vitamin D-oral?
- What are the side effects of vitamin D-oral?
- What is the dosage for vitamin D-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with vitamin D-oral?
- Is vitamin D-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about vitamin D-oral?
What is vitamin D-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Vitamin D is a necessary vitamin for the growth and development of bones. Vitamin D is commonly known as ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3). Vitamin D2 and D3 are broken down to their active form, calcitriol, in the body. Calcitriol works by increasing absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Calcitriol also prevents loss of calcium and phosphorus from kidneys so they are absorbed back in the body to maintain sufficient levels.
What brand names are available for vitamin D-oral?
Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2), Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3), Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
Is vitamin D-oral available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for vitamin D-oral?
Vitamin D2 and D3 50000 IU are available with a prescription. Vitamin D2 and D3 400 – 5000 IU are available over-the-counter (OTC).
What are the uses for vitamin D-oral?
What is the dosage for vitamin D-oral?
- Hypoparathyroidism: Take 25000 to 200000 IU vitamin D by mouth once daily with 4 grams of calcium lactate 6 times daily.
- Vitamin D resistant rickets: Take 12000 to 500000 IU Vitamin D by mouth once daily.
- Daily intake of vitamin D: Take 600 IU daily.
Which drugs or supplements interact with vitamin D-oral?
Vitamin D should be used with caution with mineral oil because mineral oil slows down the absorption of Vitamin D and reduces its therapeutic benefits.
Thiazide diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) and chlorthalidone (Thalitone) should be used with caution in people with hypoparathyroid taking Vitamin D, because thiamine diuretics may increase calcium levels.
Is vitamin D-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies done on Vitamin D to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
What else should I know about vitamin D-oral?
What preparations of vitamin D-oral are available?
PREPARATIONS: Vitamin D2 and D3 are available in 400, 800, 1000, 2000, 2400, and 5000 international units (IU) tablets and capsules. Vitamin D2 is available in 50000 IU (1.25 mg) softgels. Vitamin D3 is available in 50000 IU capsules.
How should I keep vitamin D-oral stored?
Vitamin D capsules and tablets are stored at room temperature between 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F).
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Daily Health News
Vitamin D (Ergocalciferol [Vitamin D2], Cholecalciferol [Vitamin D3]) is required for the maintanence for bones and teeth. It works to increase absorption of calcium and to prevent its loss through the kidneys.
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In hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland does not produce enough parathyroid hormone. Causes of hypoparathyroidism include injury to the parathyroid glands, autoimmune disorder association, or may be present ab birth. Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include: tingling fingers, toes, and lips, brittle nails, dry, coarse skin, dry hair; memory loss, headaches, severe muscle cramps, cataracts, malformed teeth, and convulsions. Treatment of hypoparathyroidism is to restore the calcium and phosphorus to normal levels in the body.
Vitamins and Calcium Supplements
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Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have dark skin, and infants born to mothers who are vitamin D deficient are most at risk for developing rickets. Symptoms and signs of rickets include bone pain, delayed teeth formation, short stature, skeletal deformities (bowlegs, abnormally shaped skull), and decreased muscle strength. Treatment of rickets depends upon the cause, but the first step usually involves correcting any abnormal levels of calcium, phosphate, or vitamin D with supplements.
Vitamin D Deficiency
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