What is Ventolin (albuterol)?
Common side effects of Ventolin include:
- migraine headaches,
- non-migraine headaches,
- stomach upset,
- flu-like symptoms,
- cold symptoms,
- ear infections (otitis media),
- allergic reactions (rash, hives, itching),
- increased sputum,
- and shortness of breath.
Serious side effects of Ventolin include:
- bronchospasm (worsening of asthma),
- serious allergic reactions (anaphylaxis),
- worsening of diabetes,
- low potassium,
- abnormal heart rhythm (palpitations),
- fast heart rate,
- elevated blood pressure,
- and chest pain.
Drug interactions of Ventolin include:
- tricyclic antidepressants,
- monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs),
- other stimulant medications,
- and loop diuretics.
There are no adequate studies of Ventolin use during pregnancy. Some reports indicate that Ventolin may cause congenital defects when used during pregnancy. It's not known whether Ventolin is excreted in breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
What are the important side effects of Ventolin (albuterol)?
Common side effects include:
- Migraine headaches
- Non-migraine headaches
- stomach upset
- flu-like symptoms
- cold symptoms
- ear infections (otitis media)
Other side effects include:
- allergic reactions (rash, hives, itching)
- increased sputum
- shortness of breath
Possible serious side effects include:
Ventolin (albuterol) side effects list for healthcare professionals
|Percent Incidence|| |
|Reaction||n = 135|
|Central nervous system|
|Ear, nose, and throat|
No clinically relevant laboratory abnormalities related to Ventolin Inhalation Solution administration were determined in these studies.
Cases of urticaria, angioedema, rash, bronchospasm, hoarseness, oropharyngeal edema, and arrhythmias (including atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, extrasystoles) have been reported after the use of Ventolin Inhalation Solution.
What drugs interact with Ventolin (albuterol)?
Other short-acting sympathomimetic aerosol bronchodilators or epinephrine should not be used concomitantly with albuterol. If additional adrenergic drugs are to be administered by any route, they should be used with caution to avoid deleterious cardiovascular effects.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or Tricyclic Antidepressants: Albuterol should be administered with extreme caution to patients being treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants, or within 2 weeks of discontinuation of such agents, because the action of albuterol on the vascular system may be potentiated.
Beta-Blockers: Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents not only block the pulmonary effect of beta-agonists, such as Ventolin Inhalation Solution, but may produce severe bronchospasm in asthmatic patients. Therefore, patients with asthma should not normally be treated with beta-blockers. However, under certain circumstances, e.g., as prophylaxis after myocardial infarction, there may be no acceptable alternatives to the use of beta-adrenergic blocking agents in patients with asthma. In this setting, cardioselective beta-blockers could be considered, although they should be administered with caution.
Diuretics: The ECG changes and/or hypokalemia that may result from the administration of nonpotassium-sparing diuretics (such as loop or thiazide diuretics) can be acutely worsened by beta-agonists, especially when the recommended dose of the beta-agonist is exceeded. Although the clinical significance of these effects is not known, caution is advised in the coadministration of beta-agonists with nonpotassium-sparing diuretics.
Digoxin: Mean decreases of 16% to 22% in serum digoxin levels were demonstrated after single-dose intravenous and oral administration of albuterol, respectively, to normal volunteers who had received digoxin for 10 days. The clinical significance of these findings for patients with obstructive airway disease who are receiving albuterol and digoxin on a chronic basis is unclear. Nevertheless, it would be prudent to carefully evaluate the serum digoxin levels in patients who are currently receiving digoxin and albuterol.
Ventolin (albuterol) is a bronchodilator used to treat bronchospasm in patients 2 to 12 years of age with asthma (reversible obstructive airway disease). Common side effects of Ventolin include migraine headaches, non-migraine headaches, nausea, stomach upset, flu-like symptoms, cold symptoms, ear infections (otitis media), bronchitis, cough, allergic reactions (rash, hives, itching), nervousness, tremor, wheezing, increased sputum, and shortness of breath. Serious side effects of Ventolin include bronchospasm (worsening of asthma), serious allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), worsening of diabetes, low potassium, abnormal heart rhythm (palpitations), fast heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and chest pain. Drug interactions of Ventolin include tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), other stimulant medications, beta-blockers, and loop diuretics.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Asthma Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs, which can be managed with proper treatment. Triggered by two main...
What Is Asthma? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
What is asthma? Learn information about asthma, a chronic disease of the bronchiole tubes. Discover information about asthma...
Asthma Attack Signs, Treatments, and Prevention
Look at the anatomy of an asthma attack. See these warning signs and symptoms to avoid an asthma emergency such as a persistent...
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked
There is currently no cure for asthma, and no specific, single cause for asthma has been identified. Take this quiz on asthma...
Worst Smog Cities in Pictures: Air Pollution, Ozone, and Asthma
Learn the worst smog cities in America. See the 10 cities with the most polluted, unclean and smoggy air.
Asthma: Natural Ways to Ease Asthma Symptoms
You can do more than take medication to manage your asthma. Several other things can help you breathe more easily.
Related Disease Conditions
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Asthma in Children
Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
Occupational asthma is a type of asthma caused by exposure to a substance in the workplace. Symptoms and signs include wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The usual treatment for occupational asthma involves removal from exposure and the use of bronchodilators and inhaled anti-inflammatory medicines.
Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue while exercising. Preventing exercise-induced asthma attacks involves using inhaled medicines before exercising, performing warm-up exercises and cooling down afterward, avoiding exercising outdoors when pollen counts are high, restricting exercise when you have a viral infection, and wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when exercising in cold weather.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Asthma FAQs
- Methotrexate Spares Steroids in Asthmatics
- Asthma Rates Increasing
- Exercise Preventing Asthma?
- Asthma in Women, Asthma in Pregnancy
- Can Asthma Go Away and Come Back?
- What Are the Side Effects of Asthma Inhalers?
- Does Altitude Affect Asthma?
- What Is Exercise-Induced Asthma?
- Can Asthma Medication Hide Churg-Strauss Syndrome?
- Best Exercises for Asthma: Yoga, Swimming, Biking, and Walking
- Does Stress Cause Asthma?
- Can Asthma Cause a Heart Attack?
- What Causes Asthma?
Medications & Supplements
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.