Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE): Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 8/17/2021

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) infection is an infection with Enterococci bacteria that have become resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin. People can be colonized with VRE, meaning that the bacteria are present in the body without causing symptoms and signs.

Signs and symptoms of a VRE infection depend on the site in the body that is infected. In general, severe infections may cause symptoms such as

Specific types of infection that can be caused by VRE can include bloodstream infection (sepsis), urinary tract infection, abscesses, wound infections, pneumonia, heart infections such as endocarditis, or meningitis.

Cause of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) infection

A VRE infection occurs when the bacteria invade the bloodstream or spread locally. The infection can also be caused when the bacteria are introduced directly into a wound.

Other vancomycin-resistant enterococci infection symptom


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.