Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a technique used to treat epilepsy. It involves implanting a pacemaker-like device that generates pulses of electricity to stimulate the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is one of the 12 cranial nerves, the paired nerves that attach to the undersurface of the brain and relay information to and from the brain.Read more: Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Seizures Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Anxiety Disorder Pictures: Symptoms, Panic Attacks, and More with Pictures
Learn about generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). See if your worries are normal or something more by learning about symptoms,...
What Is Epilepsy? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
Learn about epilepsy symptoms and treatment for this seizure condition. Discover the definition of epilepsy, how epilepsy is...
Anxiety, Stress, Worry, and Your Body
Want to find ways to reduce anxiety, stress, and worry? Find treatments to ease stress, eliminate worry, and combat anxiety as...
Depression Therapy: Myths, Facts, and More in Pictures
False ideas scare many depression suffers away from therapy and the quick relief and help these pros can provide. Let our experts...
Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
Depression Quiz: Signs & Symptoms
Many people do not recognize the symptoms and warning signs of depression and depressive disorders in children and adults. With...
Depression Myths: Overwork, Recklessness and More in Pictures
Folk remedies and half-truths still prevent many from getting treatment for depression. WebMD's pictures show unusual symptoms in...
Physical Symptoms of Depression in Pictures
Depression can cause physical problems such as insomnia, chest pain, fatigue, headaches, and more. Learn the signs of depression...
Related Disease Conditions
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity.
Depression in Children
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced.
Depression: A Treatable Illness
Second Source article from Government
What Is the Difference Between a Seizure and a Convulsion?
Learn what the main difference between a seizure and a convulsion is, and how to recognize and treat either condition.
Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior, sadness, sudden drop in grades, withdrawal from friends, and alcohol and drug use. Treatment of depression in adolescents may involve psychotherapy and medications.
Depression in Children
Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include anger, social withdrawal, vocal outbursts, fatigue, physical complaints, and thoughts of suicide. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders: What's the Difference?
Seizures and seizure disorders are not the same medical problems. A seizure happens when the electrical activity in the brain is uncontrolled. There are about 40 different types of seizure disorders, in which epilepsy is one. Symptoms depend on the type of disorder, but can include loss of consciousness, uncontrolled twitching or shaking of one side, or the entire body.
Can the Vagus Nerve Cause Seizures?
The vagus nerve is an important pathway to the brain in addition to helping to control seizures. Stimulation of the vagus nerve leads to the discharge of electrical energy into a wide area of the brain, disturbing the abnormal brain activity that causes seizures. The vagus nerve is used to treat seizures that do not respond to medications.
Depression in the Elderly
Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy.
How Do You Stop Multiple Seizures?
Seizures are a medical emergency. Whether the seizure is a first-time onset or a recurring episode, it is advisable to dial 911 and call for help. A group of drugs called benzodiazepines is usually administered to stop multiple seizures.
Epilepsy and Seizures: How to Treat?
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder where brain activities are abnormal, causing more than one or recurrent episodes of seizures. Most cases of seizures can be managed conservatively with medication and supportive treatments.
Do Seizures Come in Clusters?
Yes, seizures can come in clusters. The term seizure clusters is used when three or more seizures that occur within 24 hours (or within six hours as defined in some studies).
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Buspar (buspirone)
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
- Lyrica (pregabalin) vs. Topamax (topiramate)
- Valium (diazepam) vs. midazolam
- Side Effects of Lyrica (pregabalin)
- Neurontin (gabapentin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Depakote (valproic acid) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Topamax (topiramate)
- Side Effects of Dilantin (phenytoin)
- Side Effects of Keppra (levetiracetam)
- Xcopri (cenobamate)
- Side Effects of Lamictal (lamotrigine)
- Side Effects of Mysoline (primidone)
- Side Effects of Zonegran (zonisamide)
- Side Effects of Tegretol (carbamazepine)
- Side Effects of Klonopin (clonazepam)
- Sabril (vigabatrin)
- Epidiolex (cannabidiol)
- Fludeoxyglucose F 18 Injection
- Sesquient (fosphenytoin sodium)
- Vigadrone (vigabatrin)
- Carnexiv (carbamazepine) Injection
- Elepsia XR (levetiracetam)
- Banzel (rufinamide)
- Sympazan (clobazam)
- Seizalam (midazolam) Injection
- Nayzilam (midazolam)
- Roweepra (levetiracetam)
Prevention & Wellness
- New Hope Against a 'Dizzying' Form of Migraine
- Could a 'Tickle' a Day Keep the Doctor Away?
- Nerve Stimulation Pulls Patient From 15-Year Vegetative State
- Nerve 'Zap' Treatment May Speed Stroke Recovery
- Nerve Zap Eased Rheumatoid Arthritis in Small Study
- Could This Nerve Transform Medicine?
- New Combo Approach May Ease Severe 'Ringing in the Ears'
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Plus Drug Fights Depression: Study
- New Guidelines for Treatment of Depression
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter