Vaginitis refers to inflammation of the vagina.
Signs and symptoms of vaginitis can include vaginal pain or discomfort, pain or burning during urination, painful sexual intercourse, abnormal vaginal discharge, irritation, itching, and abnormal vaginal odor. Other associated symptoms can include redness of the vagina or vulva, swelling of the vulva, and itching of the vulva or skin around the vagina.
Causes of vaginitis
Causes of vaginitis can vary and include trauma, poor hygiene, and infections. Infectious causes of vaginitis include yeast infections (vaginal candidiasis), as well as sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases), including gonorrhea, Trichomonas, and chlamydia. In women who have reached menopause, decreases in estrogen levels can cause thinning of the vaginal walls and a form of vaginitis known as atrophic vaginitis.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
Main Article on Vaginitis Symptoms and Signs
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Vaginitis Symptoms and Signs
Examples of Medications for Vaginitis Symptoms and Signs
- azithromycin (Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak, Zithromax Tri-Pak, Zmax)
- cefixime (Suprax)
- clindamycin vaginal cream (Cleocin, Clindesse)
- clindamycin vaginal suppository (Cleocin)
- clotrimazole, Lotrimin AF, Gyne-Lotrimin, Alevazol, Desenex, Pro-Ex Antifungal
- Diflucan (fluconazole)
- doxycycline (Vibramycin, Doryx)
- erythromycin (Ery-Tab, PCE)
- Metronidazole (Flagyl) vs. Clindamycin (Cleocin)
- metronidazole (Flagyl, Flagyl ER) Antibiotic
- miconazole, Monistat, M-Zole, Micatin
- nystatin (oral tablet and capsule)
- terconazole, Terazol, Zazole