Vaginal Cancer: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 9/17/2019

Vaginal cancer is a cancer (malignant tumor) that arises in the cells that line the vaginal wall.

Vaginal cancer may not produce any signs or symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they may include

Other associated symptoms and signs can include pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse.

Cause of vaginal cancer

The exact cause of vaginal cancer is not clear. Certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing vaginal cancer, including multiple sexual partners, early age at first sexual intercourse, advancing age, and HIV infection. Exposure to a drug known as DES while in the mother's womb is also a known risk factor.

Other vaginal cancer symptoms and signs


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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.