Upper respiratory infections (URI) are very common and include the common cold and flu. An upper respiratory infection is defined as an infection of any of the structures of the upper respiratory tract: the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Examples of specific types of upper respiratory infection include rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal cavity), sinusitis (sinus infection), nasopharyngitis (inflammation of the nasal cavity, pharynx, hypopharynx, uvula, and tonsils), pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx, uvula, and tonsils), laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx), and epiglottitis (inflammation of the upper portion of the larynx or the epiglottis). Viruses cause most upper respiratory infections, although bacteria and fungi can also infect these areas.
Other upper respiratory infection symptoms and signs
- Body Aches
- Breathing Difficulty
- Enlarged Lymph Nodes
- Enlarged Tonsils
- Facial Swelling
- Loss of Voice
- Nasal Congestion
- Nasal Discharge (Runny Nose)
- Painful Swallowing
- Postnasal Drip
- Scratchy Throat
- Sinus Pressure
- Sore Throat
- Watery Eyes
Main Article on Upper Respiratory Infection Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Cold & Flu Quiz: Influenza vs. Common Cold
Aches? Pain? Fever? This Cold & Flu Quiz tests your knowledge on the difference between coming down with the common cold and...
Cold, Fever and Flu Symptoms in Children: Medications and Home Remedies
How long does a cold last? How long is a cold contagious? Colds and fevers are some of the most common ailments in children....
Cold, Flu, and Cough: 13 Foods to Eat When Fighting the Flu
The best foods to eat when you have the flu soothe symptoms and help you feel better faster. Good foods to eat with the flu...
Common Cold Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take this quiz to learn the truth behind the infectious, contagious, uncomfortable disease known as the common cold. Test your...
How to Get Rid of a Cold: Natural Remedies
What home remedies work to get rid of a cold fast? Many claim cold symptoms and flu symptoms can be relieved with Echinacea,...
How to Prevent the Common Cold
What home remedies work for the common cold? The common cold is arguably the most common human illness. Learn how long the common...
Examples of Medications for Upper Respiratory Infection Symptoms and Signs
- Cipro (ciprofloxacin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- ethyl alcohol
- guaifenesin and phenylephrine, Sudafed PE Non-Drying Sinus Caplets, (Entex, discontinued)
- pseudoephedrine (Oral, Afrinol, Sudafed)
- Side Effects of Bicillin C-R (penicillin g benzathine/penicillin g procaine)
- Tazicef (ceftazidime)
Lung Disease/COPD Resources
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Allergy and Asthma Newsletter