An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Common causes of an upper respiratory infection include bacteria and viruses such as rhinoviruses, group A streptococci, influenza, respiratory syncytial, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Epstein-Barre. Examples of symptoms of upper respiratory infection include:
Treatment of upper respiratory infections are based upon the cause. Generally, viral infections are treated symptomatically with over-the-counter (OTC) medication and home remedies.Read more: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Article
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- codeine (for Pain)
- prednisolone (Flo-Pred, Pediapred, Orapred, Orapred ODT)
- guaifenesin, Robitussin, Fenesin, Mucosa, Mucus Relief, Mucinex
- benzonatate (Tessalon Perles, Zonatuss - discontinued in the US)
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Zinc for Colds: Lozenges & Nasal Sprays
- cefdinir (Omnicef has been discontinued)
- clindamycin, oral (Cleocin)
- gentamicin injection (Garamycin)
- echinacea (echinacea sp.) - oral
- zinc acetate - oral, Galzin
- penicillin V potassium (Beepen-VK, Penicillin VK, V-Cillin-K)
- penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin L-A)
- licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Alcacuz, Sweet Root, Gan Zao, and many others)
- hydrocodone (Zohydro ER)
- pseudoephedrine (Oral, Afrinol, Sudafed)
- hydrocodone/homatropine (Hycodan [discontinued] Tussigon)
- Penicillin (Antibiotics)
- Cipro, XR (ciprofloxacin) vs. Keflex (cephalexin)
Prevention & Wellness
- Respiratory Disease Death Rates Have Soared
- Emflaza Approved for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- Oldest Person in U.S. Dies at Age 114
- Flu Shot May Curb Respiratory Infections in People With Heart Failure
- U.S. Doctors Still Over-Prescribing Drugs: Survey
- Esbriet, Ofev Approved to Treat Deadly Lung Disease
- Hospital-Acquired Infections Cost $10 Billion a Year: Study
- Cough Medicine and Cough Syrups
- Babies' Vulnerability to Colds Tied to Immune Response at Birth
- Infections Might Raise Stroke Risk in Children: Study
- FDA Approves First Combo Drug for Diabetes, Cholesterol
- Low Vitamin D in Newborns Linked to Wheezing
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