Typhus: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 9/23/2021

Typhus is a bacterial condition. There are two types of typhus: epidemic typhus and endemic typhus.

Signs and symptoms of endemic typhus can include

The rash usually begins on the trunk and spreads. The symptoms and signs of epidemic typhus are typically more severe and can include

The condition can be fatal.

Cause of typhus

Rickettsia bacteria that are transmitted to humans through bites of infected fleas or ticks cause typhus. Risk factors for developing typhus include visiting or living in areas where rats, mice, and other animals have high populations. Examples can include poverty-stricken areas, refugee camps, or jails.

Other typhus symptoms and signs

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References
Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.