Typhoid Fever: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 5/22/2020

Typhoid fever is an acute infectious disease. Prior to the availability of antibiotic treatment, about 20% of those affected died from the condition.

Signs and symptoms of typhoid fever can include

Other associated symptoms can include

Intestinal bleeding or perforation (rupture) are complications of typhoid fever that can occur after 2-3 weeks.

Cause of typhoid fever

Infection with Salmonella typhi bacteria causes typhoid fever. The infection spreads from person to person when people ingest contaminated food or water. A small percentage of people become carriers of the bacteria after recovering from the illness and can spread it to others. Typhoid fever is very contagious.

Other typhoid fever symptoms and signs

Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.