Traumatic brain injury and related conditions, may require diuretics, anticonvulsants, sedatives, antidepressants, muscle relaxers, pain relievers, and stimulants to treat deficits in cognitive functions such as attention, memory, learning and language. Read more: Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Medications Article
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Concussions & Brain Injuries: Symptoms, Tests, Treatment
Concussions are a common type of traumatic brain injury. Read more about symptoms of a concussion, how to treat head injuries,...
Brain Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Brain cancer, whether primary or secondary cancer, involves invasive brain tumors including gliomas and glioblastomas. Learn the...
Brain Health: Foods that May Lower Dementia Risk
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Brain Foods: Healthy Food for Kids' Brains
Use this brain foods list to make your child smarter and healthier with these brain-boosting meals! Developing brains needs the...
10 Facts About the Amazing Brain Quiz
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How the Brain Works: Test Your Medical IQ
Take this quiz and test your knowledge of how the human brain works. You may be surprised!
Concussion: Test Your Knowledge of Traumatic Brain Injury
What is a concussion? Learn causes, symptoms, and treatments of this very common traumatic brain injury by taking this quick quiz.
Picture of Brain
The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. See a picture of the Brain and learn more about the...
Picture of Brain Layers
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Brain Food Pictures: What to Eat to Boost Focus
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Brain and Nervous System: How Conditions Change Your Brain
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Brain and Nervous System: Left-Handed vs. Right-Handed People
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Related Disease Conditions
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissue. Causes of brain hemorrhage include aneurysm, liver disease, brain tumor, head trauma, high blood pressure, and blood vessel abnormalities. Symptoms include sudden severe headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, tingling, numbness, vision changes, loss of consciousness, and loss of fine motor skills. Treatment depends upon the cause, location, and size of the brain hemorrhage.
Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors, trauma, drug abuse. Symptoms include headache, numbness of the face, dilated pupils, changes in vision, the "worst headache of your life," or a painful stiff neck. Immediate treatment for a brain aneurysm is crucial for patient survival.
Can You Heal a Damaged Brain?
Brain damage can be caused either by a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or acquired brain injury (ABI). You cannot heal a damaged brain. Medical treatments can just help to stop further damage and limit the functional loss from the damage.
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are generally classified by the location of the blood within the skull, these include epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid bleed, intracranial bleed, sheer injury, edema, and skull fracture. Some common symptoms of a head injury include vomiting, bleeding from the ear, speech difficulties, paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and body numbness. Treatment of a head injury depends on the type and severity of the injury.
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Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are two kinds of brain damage. Symptoms may include headaches, confusion, memory problems, nausea, and more. Treatment includes patient stabilization and ensuring that blood and oxygen are flowing to the brain. Adequate blood pressure control is also necessary. In cases of severe brain damage, surgery and rehabilitation may be required.
A concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and complex. Symptoms of a concussion include headache, nausea, dizziness, dazed feeling, irritability, and visual symptoms. Physical signs include poor concentration, emotional changes, slurred speech, and personality changes. Concussion is diagnosed with physical examination and testing. Treatment for a concussion in general includes treatment for control of the symptoms and time.
What Are the Differences Between Anoxia and Hypoxia?
Anoxia and hypoxia are often used interchangeably, but they do refer to different things. Learn what the differences are.
Brain Aneurysm Warning Signs
Brain aneurysms may rarely cause any warning symptoms before they rupture. Symptoms may occur if the aneurysm is large or if it causes pressure on the structures around it.
What Is the Main Cause of Stuttering?
Stuttering (child-onset fluency disorder) is a speech disorder that involves significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. The possible causes of stuttering are developmental (problems in speech control, genetics) or neurogenic (traumatic brain injury, stroke or other brain disorders).
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Zoloft (sertraline)
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- Alprazolam vs. Diazepam (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- Celexa vs. Lexapro
- carbamazepine - oral, Tegretol
- methylphenidate - oral, Ritalin
- methylphenidate chewable tablet - oral, Methylin
- paroxetine mesylate - oral, Pexeva
- escitalopram - oral, Lexapro
- baclofen - injection, Lioresal
- topiramate sprinkles - oral, Topamax
- citalopram - oral, Celexa
- paroxetine controlled-release - oral, Paxil CR
- sertraline liquid concentrate - oral, Zoloft
- carbamazepine suspension - oral, Tegretol
- topiramate - oral, Topamax
- carbamazepine chewable tablet - oral, Tegretol
- baclofen - oral, Lioresal
- sertraline - oral, Zoloft
- gabapentin - oral, Neurontin
- paroxetine - oral, Paxil
- Sertraline (Zoloft) vs. Venlafaxine (Effexor)
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol)
- Cyclobenzaprine vs. Zanaflex
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- quetiapine (Seroquel)
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- mannitol (Osmitrol)
- Xanax vs. Valium
- phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- Lyrica (pregabalin) vs. Topamax (topiramate)
- paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)
- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release )
- baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal)
- paroxetine (Brisdelle)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Side Effects of Sinemet (carbidopa-levodopa)
- valproate sodium syrup - oral, Depakene
- methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Methylin, Daytrana)
- Side Effects of Seroquel (quetiapine)
- Side Effects of Topamax (topiramate)
- Side Effects of Dilantin (phenytoin)
- carbidopa/levodopa - oral, Atamet, Sinemet
- carbidopa/levodopa disintegrating tablet - oral, Parcopa
- dantrolene - oral, Dantrium
- fosphenytoin-injection, Cerebyx
- Side Effects of Zanaflex (tizanidine)
- Side Effects of Tegretol (carbamazepine)
- Emflaza (deflazacort)
- nimodipine - oral, Nymalize
- methylphenidate patch (Daytrana)
- methylphenidate hydrochloride (Quillivant XR)
- Nulibry (fosdenopterin)
- benserazide with levodopa-oral capsule, tablet
Prevention & Wellness
Brain and Nervous System Resources
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