Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by:
Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.)
- Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!)
- Lack of activity
While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include:
However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.Read more: Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes (Similarities and Differences) Article
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- glipizide, Glipizide XL, Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL
- metformin (Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Fortamet, Riomet)
- Amaryl (glimepiride)
- repaglinide, Prandin
- rosiglitazone, Avandia
- Actos (pioglitazone)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Precose (acarbose)
- nateglinide, Starlix
- glipizide and metformin (Metaglip has been discontinued in the US)
- insulin glargine (Lantus)
- Glucovance (glyburide/metformin)
- exenatide, Byetta
- pramlintide, Symlin
- sitagliptin; Januvia
- metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet)
- Tradjenta (linagliptin)
- Victoza (liraglutide)
- Insulin for Diabetes Treatment (Types, Side Effects, and Preparations)
- canagliflozin, Invokana
- dapagliflozin, Farxiga
- Trulicity (dulaglutide)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine) vs. Effexor (XR, venlafaxine) Differences in Uses, Dose, and Withdrawal