Turner Syndrome: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2019

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with the X chromosome. Medical researchers haven't determined which genes on the X chromosome cause the characteristic signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome. Monosomy X and 45,X are other names for the condition. Most cases are not inherited.

Women with Turner syndrome tend to be shorter than average and are usually infertile because of non-functioning ovaries. Other associated signs and symptoms of the condition can include extra skin on the neck (webbed neck), puffiness or swelling (known as lymphedema) of the hands and feet, heart defects, high blood pressure, frequent middle ear infections in childhood, and kidney problems.

Cause of Turner syndrome

An abnormality in the X chromosome that alters development in females causes Turner syndrome.

Other turner syndrome symptoms and signs

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References
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.