GENERIC NAME: TROSPIUM - ORAL (TROSE-pee-um)
BRAND NAME(S): Sanctura
USES: This medication is used to treat an overactive bladder. By relaxing the muscles in the bladder, trospium improves your ability to control your urination. It helps to reduce leaking of urine, feelings of needing to urinate right away, and frequent trips to the bathroom. Trospium belongs to a class of drugs known as antispasmodics. It is also known as an antimuscarinic.
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth, usually twice daily, 1 hour before a meal or on an empty stomach.Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time(s) each day. Dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to therapy.Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
SIDE EFFECTS: Dry mouth, constipation, stomach upset, headache, dry eyes, dizziness, blurred vision, or drowsiness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.To relieve dry mouth, suck on (sugarless) hard candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water or use a saliva substitute.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: eye pain, difficulty urinating, fast heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, confusion).A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: Before taking trospium, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain type of glaucoma (uncontrolled narrow-angle type), inability to urinate (urinary retention), delayed or slow emptying of your stomach.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, constipation, other stomach conditions (such as ulcerative colitis, intestinal atony), myasthenia gravis.This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.This medication can reduce sweating, making you more likely to develop a serious condition called heat stroke. Avoid strenuous work or exercise in hot weather.Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially constipation, dry mouth, drowsiness, confusion, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: other drugs that are also removed by the kidneys (such as metformin, morphine, procainamide, tenofovir, vancomycin), certain anti-Parkinson's drugs (such as benztropine, trihexyphenidyl), other antimuscarinic drugs (such as dicyclomine, oxybutynin, scopolamine, tolterodine), potassium tablets/capsules, pramlintide.Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness, including alcohol, certain antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), anti-seizure drugs (such as carbamazepine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: fast heartbeat, widened pupils.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. Take the missed dose at least 2 hours after a meal or 1 hour before your next meal. If it is near the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised December 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
Related Disease Conditions
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Nerve Disease and Bladder Control
A nerve problem might affect your bladder control if the nerves that are supposed to carry messages between the brain and the bladder do not work properly. Such problems include urine retention, poor control of sphincter muscles, and overactive bladder. Treatment depends upon the cause of the nerve damage and resulting type of bladder control problem.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.