Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, drugs, mercury poisoning, overactive thyroid and liver failure. There are several types of tremor. Treatment depends upon the type of tremor and availability of medications for the condition. Read more: Tremors Article
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Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and Aging Brains
What is dementia? Learn about dementia disorders such as Lewy Body Dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), Vascular (multi-infarct)...
Parkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment
Discover the symptoms, causes, stages, and treatment options for Parkinson's disease. Learn more about the stages of Parkinson's...
Related Disease Conditions
Date Rape Drugs
Date rape drugs such as GHB, rohypnol, and ketamine are sometimes used to assist in a sexual assault. Symptoms and signs of intoxication by one of these drugs depends upon the type of drug ingested.
Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormone due to an overactive thyroid gland. Symptoms can include increased heart rate, weight loss, heart palpitations, frequent bowel movements, depression, fatigue, fine or brittle hair, sleep problems, thinning skin, and irregular vaginal bleeding. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Many other health problems or taking excess thyroid hormone medication can cause an overactive thyroid gland. Treatment for the condition is with medication, radioactive iodine, thyroid surgery (rarely), or reducing the dose of thyroid hormone. No diet has been shown to treat hyperthyroidism or its symptoms and signs.
Healthy Living and Disease Prevention
The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and choices can be critical to good health. Yet, few practice healthy behaviors that constitute healthy living.
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients are over 50, but at least 10 percent are under 40.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications.
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include: lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or occupational functioning. There are several different types of dementia, including cortical, subcortical, progressive, primary, and secondary dementias. Other conditions and medication reactions can also cause dementia. Dementia is diagnosed based on a certain set of criteria. Treatment for dementia is generally focused on the symptoms of the disease.
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the products we use in the home, school, or dentist. Mercury poisoning can cause cognitive problems, dermatitis, tremor and other symptoms. Information about sources of mercury exposure, potential health effects, symptoms of exposure, fish that may contain mercury, consumer products that contain mercury, and ways to reduce your exposure to mercury is important for the health of you, and your family.
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid. Some of the symptoms of Graves' disease include hand tremors, rapid heartbeat, trouble sleeping, enlarged thyroid, thinning of the skin or fine brittle hair. Causes of Graves' disease are thought to be multifactorial such as genes, gender, stress, and infection. Treatment for Graves' disease is generally medication.
Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland. Pheochromocytomas are quite rare and the vast majority of them are entirely benign. Only very rarely is a pheochromocytoma malignant. People with pheochromocytoma usually show these three symptoms: headache, sweating, and heart palpitations (a fast heart beat) in association with markedly elevated blood pressure (hypertension). Other conditions that may accompany these classic symptoms are as follows: anxiety, nausea, tremors, weakness, abdominal pain, and weight loss.
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited disorder. Early symptoms include mood swings, apathy, depression, and anger uncharacteristic of the individual. Judgement, memory, and other cognitive functions may become impaired. Presymptomatic testing is available for individuals who have a family history of Huntington's disease. Treatment includes medication and therapy for symptoms.
West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after they're bitten by a mosquito that has fed off of a bird that's infected with the West Nile virus. Symptoms in humans include fever, headache, rash, body ache, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment for a West Nile virus infection involves supportive care.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited (genetic) disease that attacks motor neurons (nerve cells) in the spinal cord. As the nerve cells die, muscle cells weaken and cause signs and symptoms that affect head and neck control, walking, crawling, breathing, and swallowing. There are numerous types of spinal muscle atrophy. Treatments for spinal muscle atrophy are directed at managing symptoms of the disease. There is no cure for spinal muscle atrophy, and some types cause death.
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are two kinds of brain damage. Symptoms may include headaches, confusion, memory problems, nausea, and more. Treatment includes patient stabilization and ensuring that blood and oxygen are flowing to the brain. Adequate blood pressure control is also necessary. In cases of severe brain damage, surgery and rehabilitation may be required.
Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by speech disruptions such as prolongations of speech sounds, syllables or words, frequent repetitions, or the inability to start a word. Over 3 million Americans stutter, and boys are more likely to stutter than girls. Stuttering may be developmental, neurogenic, psychogenic, or even genetically determined. Treatment for stuttering may incorporate stuttering therapy with a speech-language pathologist and educating the parents about restructuring the child's speaking environment.
Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol may produce amnesia, GHB may result in sleep, coma, or death, and ketamine can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations. Treatment of club drug addiction focuses on monitoring and managing withdrawal symptoms.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and physical problems. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome may have a small head, short stature, low IQ, and abnormal facial features. Early intervention programs can lessen the impact of motor, cognitive, and language impairments.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, tangled web of abnormal arteries and veins connected by one or more fistulas (abnormal communications). Symptoms of arteriovenous malformations include seizures and headaches. Treatment of arteriovenous malformations include medication or surgery.
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- botulinum toxin - injection, Botox, Botox Cosmetic, Dysport
- propranolol s.r. - oral, Inderal LA
- propranolol - oral, Inderal
- diazepam - injection, Valium
- atenolol, Tenormin
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- Alprazolam vs. Diazepam (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- Primidone (Mysoline) Side Effects, Dosage, and Uses
- nadolol (Corgard)
Prevention & Wellness
- Young-Onset Parkinson's May Start in the Womb, New Research Suggests
- Parkinson's Treatment Has Unexpected Side Effect
- Ultrasound May Ease Common Form of Hand Tremor
- Does Removing Your Appendix Put You at Risk for Parkinson's?
- MS Drug Costs Skyrocket After Medicare Rule Change: Study
- Thyroid Surgery Complications Can Land Some Back in the Hospital
- New Drug Could Help Kids With MS
- Babies of Opioid-Addicted Moms May Struggle in School
- Wrist Device Shows Promise for Hand Tremors
- Coffee Doesn't Help Parkinson's Motor Disorders
- Singing May Be Good Medicine for Parkinson's Patients
- Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Parkinson's
- Early Parkinson's May Prompt Vision Problems
- Babies Born Addicted to Opioids Often Struggle With Learning
- Hepatitis Infection May Raise Risk for Parkinson's Disease
- Exercising 2.5 Hours a Week May Slow Parkinson's Progression
- Is It Parkinson's or Something Else? Blood Test Might Tell
- Kids Born to Opioid-Addicted Moms Seem to Fare Poorly in School
- New Parkinson's Drug May Combat Movement Difficulties
- New Parkinson's Gene Identified
- Inhaled Version of Parkinson's Drug May Help Keep Symptoms at Bay
- Immune Therapy Makes Headway Against a Lymphoma
- Cellular Defect May Be Linked to Parkinson's: Study
- For Uncontrolled Tremor, Ultrasound Instead of Brain Surgery?
- Cancer Drug Shows Early Promise for Parkinson's Disease
- Ultrasound Device Approved to Treat Essential Tremor
- Early Weight Loss With Parkinson's May Be a Red Flag
- New Clues to Easing Side Effects From Parkinson's Drug
- Deep Brain Stimulation May Ease Some Parkinson's Pain for Years
- Study Underscores Power of Placebo Effect
- Exercise May Cut Fall Risk for Some Parkinson's Patients
- Methamphetamine Use Linked to Parkinson's Risk
- Are Migraines in Middle Age Tied to Raised Parkinson's Risk Later?
- Deep Brain Stimulation Safe for Older Parkinson's Patients: Study
- Study Supports Durability of Parkinson's Treatment
- Medical Marijuana May Ease Some MS Symptoms, Study Concludes
- More Pesticides Linked to Parkinson's Risk
- Gene Therapy May Hold Promise for Advanced Parkinson's Disease
- Deep Brain Stimulation May Help in Early Stages of Parkinson's
- Fake Marijuana Use Is a Serious Problem for Teens
- Depression Takes a Toll on Parkinson's Patients
- More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks
- 5-Hour Energy Shots Linked to 13 Deaths
- How Much Caffeine Is in Your Energy Drink?
- Sleep Boosts Memory for Parkinson's Patients, Study Suggests
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Curbs Epileptic Seizures in Rats
- Parkinson's Patients Experience Declines Years Before Diagnosis
- Botox May Ease Tremors in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
- Smoking, Pesticides Might Spur Rare 'Sleep-Kicking' Disorder
- Device Calms Parkinson's Tremor for 3+ Years
- 50 Years of Data Confirm Benefit of Antipsychotics
- Eye Tremors May Aid Early Diagnosis of Parkinson's: Study
- Weight Training Improves Parkinson's Symptoms
- Electrical Brain Stimulation May Strengthen Memory, Study Says
- Tai Chi Improves Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
- More Newborns Suffering Drug Withdrawal at Birth
- Parkinson's Disease May Raise Risk of Melanoma
- People With Signs of Parkinson's Wait to See Doctor
- Gene Therapy May Improve Parkinson's Symptoms
- New Debate on PSA Test for Prostate Cancer
- Study: Newer Antipsychotic Drugs Are Overused
- Recall of Albuterol Used in Nebulizers
- FDA Panel Urges Thorough Review of Mercury-Based Fillings
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