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- What is trandolapril, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the side effects of trandolapril?
- What is the dosage for trandolapril?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with trandolapril?
- Is trandolapril safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about trandolapril?
What is trandolapril, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Trandolapril is an oral drug that is used to treat high blood pressure. It belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Other ACE inhibitors include enalapril (Vasotec), captopril (Capoten), lisinopril (Zestril; Prinivil), benazepril (Lotensin), ramipril (Altace), and quinapril (Accupril). Blood pressure is dependent on the degree of constriction (narrowing) of the arteries and veins; the narrower the arteries and veins, the higher the blood pressure. Angiotensin II is a chemical substance made in the body that causes the muscles in the walls of arteries and veins to contract, narrowing the arteries and veins and thereby elevating blood pressure. Angiotensin II is formed by ACE. Trandolapril is an inhibitor of ACE and blocks the formation of angiotensin II thereby lowering blood pressure. The drop in blood pressure also means that the heart doesn't have to work as hard because the pressure it must pump blood against is less. The efficiency of a failing heart improves, and the output of blood from the heart increases. Thus, ACE inhibitors such as trandolapril in addition to high blood pressure, are also useful in treating heart failure. Trandolapril was approved by the FDA in 1996.
What brand names are available for trandolapril?
Is trandolapril available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for trandolapril?
What are the side effects of trandolapril?
Trandolapril is generally well tolerated. The most common side effects are:
- sexual dysfunction, and
- abnormal liver tests.
Impairment of kidney function has been reported with ACE inhibitors, especially in patients with severe heart failure or pre-existing kidney disease. In rare instances, low white blood cell counts have been reported with the use of trandolapril. Low white blood cells increase the risk of infections. Trandolapril may cause hypersensitivity reactions and angioedema (swelling of face, lips, tongue, throat).
What is the dosage for trandolapril?
The recommended starting dose for treating high blood pressure in patients not receiving a diuretic is 1 mg once daily in Caucasian patients and 2 mg in black patients. Doses may be increased at weekly intervals. Most patients require 2 to 4 mg daily, and there is no additional benefit from doses larger than 8 mg daily. Patients receiving a diuretic should start at 0.5 mg daily if the diuretic cannot be stopped for 2 to 3 days before starting trandolapril. For heart failure the starting dose is 1 mg once daily. The dose should be increased to 4 mg once daily or the largest tolerated dose.
Which drugs or supplements interact with trandolapril?
Although the combination of ACE inhibitors and diuretics is generally beneficial (see above), trandolapril and other ACE inhibitors can interact with diuretics to cause an excessive drop in blood pressure, causing symptoms of weakness, dizziness, and lightheadedness. This is most likely to occur when patients who are already taking a diuretic are started on an ACE inhibitor.
Combining trandolapril with potassium supplements, potassium containing salt substitutes, or potassium-conserving diuretics such as amiloride (Moduretic), spironolactone (Aldactone), and triamterene (Dyazide, Maxzide), can lead to dangerously high blood levels of potassium. It is recommended that trandolapril not be taken at the same time as aluminum- or magnesium- based antacids, such as Mylanta or Maalox; these antacids bind to trandolapril in the intestine and decrease its absorption into the body. Therefore, patients should separate doses of antacids and trandolapril by at least two hours.
Trandolapril can cause an increase in the amount of lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith) in the body in patients taking lithium, sometimes with associated side effects of lithium toxicity. Nitritoid reactions (with symptoms of facial flushing, nausea, vomiting and low blood pressure) may occur when injectable gold (sodium aurothiomalate) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is combined with ACE inhibitors including trandolapril.
There have been reports that aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, etc.), indomethacin (Indocin, Indocin-SR), and naproxen (Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn, Aleve) may reduce the effects of ACE inhibitors. Combining trandolapril or other ACE inhibitors with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients who are elderly, volume-depleted (including those on diuretic therapy), or with poor kidney function may result in reduced kidney function, including kidney failure. These effects usually are reversible.
Is trandolapril safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
ACE inhibitors, including trandolapril, can be harmful to the fetus and should not be taken by pregnant women.
What else should I know about trandolapril?
What preparations of trandolapril are available?
Tablets: 1, 2, and 4 mg.
How should I keep trandolapril stored?
Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F).
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Trandolapril (Mavik) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and after a heart attack to decrease the risk of death related to heart failure. Side effects, drug interactions, dosing information, and pregnancy safety should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
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Related Disease Conditions
Kidney (Renal) Failure
Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration, or medication. Some of the renal causes of kidney failure include sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis. Post renal causes of kidney failure include bladder obstruction, prostate problems, tumors, or kidney stones.Treatment options included diet, medications, or dialysis.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
High Blood Pressure Treatment (Natural Home Remedies, Diet, Medications)
High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever, can be frightening in small children or infants. However, in general, febrile seizures are harmless. Febrile seizure is not epilepsy. It is estimated that one in every 25 children will have at least one febrile seizure. It is important to know what to do to help your child if he/she has a febrile seizure. Some of the features of a febrile seizure include: losing consciousness, shaking, moving limbs on both sides of the body, lasts 1-2 minutes. Less commonly, a febrile seizure may only affect one side of the body.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience: Extreme fatigue Pain in the upper abdomen Dizziness Fainting Leading a healthy lifestyle with a heart healthy low-fat diet, and exercise can help prevent heart disease and heart attack.
Treatment & Diagnosis
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Medications & Supplements
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
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- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
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- Drug Interactions
- Congestive Heart Failure Medications
- captopril (Capoten)
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- ramipril (Altace)
- benazepril (Lotensin HTC)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Zestoretic, Prinzide)
- quinapril (Accupril)
- benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide (Lotensin HCT)
- captopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Capozide)
- enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide (Vaseretic)
- Side Effects of Mavik (trandolapril)
Prevention & Wellness
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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