During total knee replacement surgery, the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. The risks include blood clots in the legs, urinary tract infection, nausea and vomiting, chronic knee pain, nerve damage, and infection. Read more: Total Knee Replacement Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee pain include redness, swelling, difficulty walking, and locking of the knee. To diagnose knee pain, a physician will perform a physical exam and also may order X-rays, arthrocentesis, blood tests, or a CT scan or MRI. Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the pain.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited. Treatment incorporates medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Second Source article from Government
A Baker's cyst, also called a popliteal cyst, is swelling caused by knee joint fluid protruding to the back of the knee (popliteal area of the knee). Not uncommon, Baker's cysts can be caused by virtually any type of joint swelling (arthritis). They are often resolved with removal of excess knee fluid in conjunction with cortisone injections.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms and signs include painful, stiff, and swollen joints, tendinitis, and organ inflammation. Treatment involves anti-inflammatory medications and exercise.
Aseptic necrosis (avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis) develops when blood supply diminishes to an area of bone and causes bone death. Though aseptic necrosis may be painless, pain is often associated when using the degenerating bone. If caught early, aseptic necrosis may be treated by grafting new bone into the degenerating area. In later stages, joint replacement surgery may be required.
Malignant hyperthermia is a severe reaction to certain drugs that are often used during invasive procedures or surgery. Certain mutations in genes increase the risk of a person having malignant hyperthermia. Without prompt treatment, the complications of malignant hyperthermia can be life-threatening.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
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Prevention & Wellness
- Got Knee Pain? What You Need to Know About Alternatives to Surgery
- Why a Knee Replacement Can Go Bad
- Most Hip, Knee Replacements Last Decades, Study Finds
- Germs Grow on Medical Implants, But Can They Make You Sick?
- A Surgery-Free Fix for Bad Knees?
- After Knee Replacement, Play On
- Obesity to Blame for Epidemic of Knee Dislocations, Complications
- Study Finds Options to Opioid Use After Knee Surgery
- Obese Don't Have to Lose Weight Before Joint Replacement: Study
- Taking Opioids Before Knee Surgery Could Raise Pain Later
- Stem Cells for Knees: Promising Treatment or Hoax?
- Knee Replacement Doesn't Always Pay, Researchers Say
- Obesity May Not Compromise Knee Surgery Success
- Home Beats Rehab for Knee, Hip Replacement Recovery
- Knee Surgery Rarer, but Problems More Likely, for Minority Patients
- Health Tip: Exercising After Joint Replacement
- New Treatment Shows Promise for Crippling Knee Arthritis
- Knee Replacement Patients May Be Able to Hit the Shower Sooner
- Getting Active After Knee Replacement Might Raise Hip Fracture Risk
- Knee Replacement Brings Less Pain, Better Function
- Obesity Won't Affect Joint Surgery Safety, Study Finds
- More Americans Getting Knees Replaced, And at Younger Ages
- Knee, Hip Replacement Surgeries Linked to Heart Risks
- Knee Replacement May Ease Pain for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
- Study Questions Value of Arthroscopic Knee Surgery for Older Patients
- In-Patient Rehab Not Always Needed After New Knee
- Health Tip: Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery
- Better Pain Relief After Knee Replacement Surgery?
- Weight-Loss Surgery Has Low Complication Rates, Study Finds
- Study Questions Value of Certain Knee Surgeries
- Health Tip: Recovering After Knee Replacement
- Can 6,000 Steps a Day Keep Knee Arthritis at Bay?
- Knee Replacement Surgeries Rising With Obesity Rates
- Weight Loss May Boost Success of Joint-Replacement Surgery
- Pain Can Plague Women After Knee Replacement Surgery
- New Knees, Hips May Also Help the Heart
- Will You Need Knee Replacement? Maybe Your Hand Can Tell You
- Shoulder Replacement May Help for Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Hormone Therapy May Cut Risk of Repeat Joint Replacement Surgery in Women
- Death Rate After Hip, Knee Replacements Has Dropped Sharply: Study
- Surgeons' Group Gives Gift of New Hips, Knees to Uninsured
- Obesity Is Driving Surge in Knee Replacements, Study Finds
- Knee Replacement Often Beneficial for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Study
- Poorer Patients Often Less Happy With Knee Replacement
- Return-to-Work Rate High After Knee Replacement, Study Finds
- Joint Replacement May Reinvigorate Sex Life
- Diabetes Doesn't Seem to Raise Risks After Knee Replacement
- Weight Gain a Risk After Knee Replacement, Study Finds
- Surgery Checklists Help OR Teams in a Crisis, Study Finds
- Certain Arthritis Patients Fare Worse After Joint Replacement: Study
- U.S. Sees a Run on New Knees Since 1990s
- FDA Rejects New Use for Blood Thinner Xarelto
- More Than 4 Million Americans Have New Knee
- Timing of Aquatic Therapy After Joint Replacement Matters
- Total Knee Replacement Safe for Most Patients